Building for a Bi-Lateral Future: Best Practice

Building for a bi-lateral future:
best practice (IP in Brazil)
Osvaldo N Oliveira Jr
[email protected]
São Carlos Institute of Physics
University of São Paulo, Brazil
Coordination for Physics at FAPESP
• Innovation in Brazil
• Programs and Fiscal Incentives
• Intellectual Property
• Challenges to strengthen
relationships between academia
and industry
• Leveraging Brazil-Ireland ties
Innovation is a priority in Brazil
• Relatively large scientific system (> 2% of global
• Modest technological development (e.g. ~ 0.2% of
• Truly competitive only in oil in deep waters, midsize airplane industry, agribusiness
Large trade deficit in mid- to high-tech
Brazilian Trade Balance for industrial products of different technological
intensities – US$ millions (FOB). (Source: Secex/ALICE).
Science, Technology and Innovation for a competitive Brazil
R.M Faria et al., 2011 (Diagnosis and Roadmap)
Policies for Technological Innovation
National and state-wide programs
Fiscal incentives
Legislation: Law 8.248/91 (Informatics)
Law 10.973/04 – Innovation Law –
Law 11.196/05 – The Good Law (Lei do bem)
FAPESP: PIPE and PITE Programs – research
component mandatory
PAPPE – Finep – including partnership with FAPESP
(PIPE/PAPPE). Marketing and Prototype Development
Creation of Embrapii
Science, Technology and Innovation for a competitive Brazil
R.M Faria et al., 2011 (Diagnosis and Roadmap)
Innovation Agencies
Many universities and research centers
have established innovation agencies
• Assist
inventors and researchers in filing patents,
seeking industrial partners
• Establish innovation and tech transfer policies
• Connect teaching and research to entrepreneurship
• Seek sustainable socioeconomic development
Sources: Innovation Agencies from USP, Unicamp, Unesp, UFSCar, Embrapa
On the effectiveness of policies
• Law for informatics – ineffective in
promoting R&D.
• Good Law – positive, but modest results
Sergio Kannebley Jr. Geciane Porto, BID Report, 2012
• Juridical Difficulties in benefiting from
innovation laws
Source: Prof. Maria Paula Dallari Bucci, FIESP, October
Limited technological basis for most types of industries
Intellectual Property in Brazil
Legal instruments to protect IP in place
Industrial Design
Unfair competition is prevented
Source: Innovation Agency from USP
Intellectual Property in Brazil
Industrial IP includes (Law 9279/1996)
Industrial design
Geographical indications (e.g. DOC for wines)
Unfair competition prevention law
Trade secrets
Software (Law 9609/1998)
Literature and art (Law 9610/1998)
Integrated Circuit Topography (Law 11484/2007)
Cultivar Protection (Law 9456/1997)
Source: Innovation Agency from USP
• Possible submission up to one year after publishing
invention (results and ideas)
• Invention must be disclosed 18 months after submission
• Granted for 20 years
Inventions, materials, software, living beings, etc, that
are not patentable or protected follow the same
paradigms adopted internationally
Source: Innovation Agency from USP
Leveraging Brazil-Ireland ties
Joint Papers
Citation count
27.7 per paper
Brazil-Ireland Scientific Cooperation
Source: Web of Science
• Growing bi-lateral scientific cooperation
• Global companies operating in Ireland and Brazil
• Establish connection between SMEs and academia
• Services Industry – leverage Irish experience with
large number of graduates in Brazil in all areas
(e.g. Software and Big Data-related
University-industry Partnerships
Percentage of investment from companies
Source: Science & Engineering Indicators (2012, USA), USP, Unesp, Unicamp
Apud: Brito Cruz, 2013
Vanderlei S. Bagnato – Innovation Agency,
Roberto M. Faria – USP, INEO
Carlos H. Brito Cruz – FAPESP, Unicamp

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