Civil Rights

Report
History Log:
If you were a teen in the
1960s would you have joined
the Civil Rights movement?
AGENDA
History Log
Standard Bullets
8.2 Notes
Key Terms
CAUSES OF THE
CIVIL RIGHTS
MOVEMENT
1. Segregation
2. Lack of voting rights
3. African American experiences in WWII
Separate but Equal: Plessy v. Ferguson 1896 established the doctrine of
separate but equal facilities.
NAACP: Civil rights
organizations, its mission is
"to ensure the political,
educational, social, and
economic equality of rights of
all persons and to eliminate
racial hatred and racial
discrimination".
Brown v. the Board of
Education: was a landmark
decision of Supreme Court
outlawing segregation in
schools. The decision
overturned earlier rulings going
back to Plessy v. Ferguson in
1896.
Thurgood Marshall: Head
lawyer for the NAACP. Later he
becomes a member of the
Supreme Court.
Thurgood Marshall
Martin Luther King Jr.: Leader of the SCLC, minister, and leader in the
civil rights movement. His main legacy was to secure progress on civil
rights in the United States through non-violent protest.
Montgomery Bus Boycott: was a protest campaign started in 1955 in
Montgomery, Alabama, when Rosa Parks, an African American woman,
was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person, this
led to a United States Supreme Court decision that declared laws
requiring segregated buses to be unconstitutional.
Southern Christian Leadership
Conference: is an American civil
rights organization. SCLC was
closely associated with its first
president, Dr. Martin Luther King,
Jr. The SCLC had a large role in the
American Civil Rights Movement.
Little Rock Nine:
were a group of
African-American
students who were
enrolled in Little
Rock Central High
School in 1957. The
students were
prevented from
entering the
segregated school,
until President
Eisenhower
intervene.
Study the photograph of Central High School student. How would you describe
Elizabeth Eckford’s demeanor compared to those around her? What might this
tell you about her character?
How do you think
Elizabeth Eckford felt
on the day this picture
was taken?
Children’s March: March by hundreds of school students in Birmingham,
Alabama, in May of 1963. Organized by Rev. James Bevel, the purpose of
the march was to walk downtown to talk to the mayor about
segregation in their city.
Brown v.
Board of
Education
Children's
March
Bus Boycott
Efforts to
End
Segregation
Voter
Registration
Movement
SCLC
founded
Founding of
CORE and
Sit-ins

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