drugs and alcohol power point

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Alcohol/Drug Addiction
Types of Addiction
• Tobacco
• Alcohol
• Drugs
*Natural high
Alcohol and Your Body
• Types of Alcoholic Beverages
– Fermentation
– Ethanol, Methanol, etc…
• Alcohol in Your Body
– Central Nervous System(CNS)- consists of the brain, and
spinal cord
– Depressant- a drug that slows body functioning.
• Alcohol and Your Brain
• Alcohol in the Blood
– Blood Alcohol Concentration(BAC)- is the amount of
alcohol in the bloodstream
• Individual Reactions to Alcohol
Immediate Effects of Alcohol
• Losing control
– Intoxication- is the physical and mental changes
produced by drinking alcohol.
– Alcohol poisoning- the damage to physical health
caused by drinking too much alcohol. Can be
fatal!!!
– Hangover- the uncomfortable physical effects
caused by alcohol use, including headache,
dizziness, stomach upset, nausea, and vomitting
• Injury and Harm
Long-term Effects of Alcohol
• Alcohol’s effects
– Cirrhosis- a deadly disease that replaces healthy liver
tissue with useless scar tissue
– Tolerance- a condition in which a person needs more of a
drug to feel the original effects of the drug
– Alcohol abuse- the inability to drink in moderation or at
appropriate times
• Alcohol and Pregnancy
– Fetal Alcohol Syndrome(FAS)- may include mental
retardation, organ abnormalities, and learning and
behavioral problems.
Alcohol and Decision Making
• Alcohol Influences Social Decisions
– Inhibition- a mental process that restrains your actions, emotions, and
thoughts
• Alcohol and Violence
• Alcohol, Driving, and Injuries
– A Deadly Decision
• Reaction time- the amount of time from the instant your brain
detects an external stimulus until the moment you respond
• Pressure to Drink-Internal/External
• Deciding not to Drink
– Stopping the Injuries
Alcoholism
• Physical Dependence
• Psychological Dependence
– Alcoholism- a disease in which a person is physically and
psychologically dependent on alcohol.(chronic Illness)
– Physical Dependence- the body’s chemical need for a drug
• Factors that Contribute to Alcoholism
• Overcoming Alcoholism
– Recovery- learning to live without alcohol.
What Are Drugs?/Drugs as medicine
• What is a drug?
– Drug- any chemical substance that causes a change in a person’s
physical or psychological state
• How drugs enter your body
• Prescription Medicine
– Medicine that can be bought only with a written order from a doctor
• Over-the-Counter Medicine
– Any medicine that can be bought without a prescription
• Drug Interactions
• Side effects and Drug Allergies
Drug Abuse and Addiction
• Drug Addiction
– The uncontrollable us of a drug
– Drug abuse- the misuse of a drug on purpose or the use of any illegal
drug
– Dependence- needing the drug in order to function properly.
• Physical Dependence
– The body’s chemical need for a drug
• Psychological Dependence
– A person’s emotional or mental need for a drug
• Drug addiction and Relationships
• School Problems due to drugs addiction
• The cost of drug addiction
Stimulants and Depressants
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Stimulants
– Any drug that increases the body’s activity
Cocaine and crack cocaine
Methamphetamine
Depressants(Sedatives)
– Any drug that decreases activity in the body
Rohypnol
Marijuana
– What is Marijuana?
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The dried flowers and leaves of the Cannabis Plant
Many names
Effects are different from person to person
Tetrahydrocannabinol(THC)- the active substance in Marijuana
– The Long-term Effects of Marijuana
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Decrease ability to think and concentrate
Decrease energy
Same effects as Cigarettes
Opiates, Hallucinogens, Inhalants, and Designer Drugs
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What are opiates?
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Any drug that is produces from the milk of the opium poppy
Extremely Addictive(Strong high)
Hard to break addictions(Withdrawal)
Have many medical uses(but still misused)
Example- Heroin
What are hallucinogens and inhalants?
– Hallucinogens-Any drug that causes a person to hallucinate
– Inhalants-any drug that is inhaled and absorbed into the bloodstream through the lungs
– Flashback- an event in which a hallucinogen’s effects happen again long after the drug
was originally taken.
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What are designer drugs?
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A drug that is produced by making a small chemical change to a drug that already exists
Examples- Ecstasy, GHB, Ketamine
Staying Drug Free/Getting Help
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Reason to stay drug free
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Staying Healthy
Staying in Control
Making good decisions
Staying out of jail
Saving your money
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Knowing when you need help and getting it!!!
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Helping someone else
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Counseling
Treatment centers
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Intervention- a gathering in which the people who are close to a person who is abusing drugs try to get the
person to accept help by relating stories of how his or her drug problem has affected them
A facility with trained doctors and counselors where people who abuse drugs can get help for their problems
Detoxification- the process by which the body rids itself of harmful chemicals
Support groups(AA, NA)
Recovery is never one step
Refuse Drugs-Refusal Skills

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