Infinitive and Gerund

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Infinitivo “com to”...
É normalmente usado...
Após
Adjetivos
Advérbios
Substantivos (com intenção de indicar finalidade)
Pronomes indefinidos
Pronomes interrogativos
Locuções verbais
I’m glad to hear of your conquest. (adjetivo)
She behaved badly to call the shots. (advérbio)
Do you have a tool to open this box? (substantivo com finalidade)
I have something to tell you about the trip. (pronome indefinido)
I don’t know what to say about that. (pronome interrogativo)
They have decided to buy that boat . (locução verbal)
Após os seguintes verbos...
(can) afford (ter meios para)
appear (aparecer)
arrange (arranjar, organizar)
attempt (tentar)
ask (pedir, perguntar)
be about (estar para)
be supposed (esperar-se que)
dare (ousar, atrever-se)
decide (decidir)
expect (esperar)
have(must) (precisar, ter)
hope (esperar)
learn (aprender)
manage (gerenciar)
need (precisar)
offer (oferecer)
order (ordenar)
plan (planejar)
prefer (preferir)
pretend (fingir)
promise (prometer)
refuse (recusar)
seem (parecer)
tell (contar)
threaten (ameaçar)
try (tentar)
used (costumava)
want (querer)
wish (desejar)
Exemplos:
They decided to make him wait for a while .
The students plan to study English .
Paul attempted to receive the payment .
Usos do infinitivo “sem to”...
Após os auxiliares
Exemplos:
will
would
shall
can
could
may
might
should
must
need not
They will work tomorrow morning .
I would like to know him .
We shall dance softly .
Paul can try the new method .
She could type very quickly .
It may rain .
He might have come.
They should learn Physics .
Paul must study Portuguese .
She need not worry about the exams .
Após as expressões
would rather ( preferir)
had better (é melhor)
Exemplos:
I would rather spend my money on clothes .
She would rather visit the United States .
You had better study harder .
He had better go there .
Após os verbos
Exemplos:
make (fazer)
let (deixar, permitir)
have (mandar)
The joke made me blush .
Let her go .
I will have the maid clean the house .
Após as conjunções
Exemplos:
but (exceto)
except (exceto)
There is nothing to do but wait for him here .
He will do anything except dance with you .
Usos do gerúndio...
Após preposições
He kept on talking for three hours last night .
John is tired of working in that factory .
We ran five miles without stopping .
Are you interested in working for us ?
I’m not very good at learning languages .
What are the advantages of having a car ?
Before I going out I phoned Ann .
What did you do after leaving school ?
Após as expressões
Exemplos:
can’t stand (não suportar)
can’t bear (não suportar)
can’t help (não poder evitar)
it’s no good (não é bom)
it’s no use (não adianta , é inútil)
to be worth (valer a pena)
to be worthwhile (valer a pena)
feel like (estar a fim de)
I can’t stand studying grammar .
She can’t bear staying there .
I can’t help crying when I think of her .
It’s no good wasting money .
It’s no use waiting .
This book is worth reading .
That car is worthwhile buying .
What do you feel like doing now ?
Após os seguintes verbos
admit (admitir)
appreciate (apreciar)
avoid (evitar)
consider (considerar)
delay (adiar)
deny (negar)
detest (detestar)
enjoy (apreciar)
excuse (desculpar)
fancy (fantasiar)
finish (terminar)
imagine (imaginar)
involve (envolver)
keep (manter)
mind (importar-se)
miss (perder)
pardon (perdoar, desculpar)
postpone (adiar)
practice (praticar)
quit (abandonar)
recall (recordar)
remember (lembrar)
regret (lamentar)
resist (resistir)
risk (arriscar)
stop (parar)
suggest (sugerir)
Exemplos:
Try to avoid traveling at night .
Most women enjoy shopping .
He finished writing his weekly report .
Usos do “gerúndio e infinitivo sem to”...
Após os seguintes verbos
Exemplos:
hear (ouvir)
see (ver)
watch (observar)
feel (sentir)
notice (notar)
observe (observar)
perceive (perceber)
I heard her
leave
the house last night .
leaving
They watched the man
We saw him
cut
the trees .
cutting
pick
up the wallet .
picking
Usos do “gerúndio e infinitivo com to”...
Após os seguintes verbos
advise (aconselhar)
attempt (tentar)
begin (começar)
start (começar)
continue (continuar)
forget (esquecer)
hate (odiar)
leave (partir, deixar)
like (gostar)
love (amar)
mean (significar)
neglect (negligenciar)
prefer (preferir)
permit (permitir)
remember (lembrar)
stop (parar)
study (estudar)
try (tentar)
Exemplos:
Ralph started to run when he saw the robber .
He started laughing after the joke .
Atenção !
She has stopped writing .
(Ela parou de escrever .)
She has stopped the work to write .
(Ela parou seu trabalho para escrever.)
(ITA - SP) - If you are in a hurry, you had
better (é melhor) ______by subway.
a) going
b) to go
c) go
d) to going
e) gone
Test 1
(OSEC - SP) - She stopped _______cigarettes.
Her doctor told her not to do it.
a) to smoke
b) of smoking
c) smoke
d) by smoking
e) smoking
Test 2
(FCC - SP) - After ________you at your home. I’ll go
to my office.
a) to live
b) to leave
c) leaving
d) leave
e) living
Test 3
(PUC - SP) - Before ________ to bed, we
brush our teeth.
a) to going
b) go
c) going
d) gone
e) to go
Test 4
(PUC - SP) - They want_____________.
a) for you to go there.
b) that you to go there.
c) you go there.
d) you to go there.
e) that you going there.
Test 5
(PUC - SP) - A expressão que corretamente
completa a frase…
“I objected to ____________”.
a) do that work
b) have done that work
c) done that work
d) doing that work
e) did that work
Test 6
(FMU - SP) – The verb that
completes the sentence is…
“Do you cook yourself ?
Yes, I’ m used to ___________.”
a) being cooked
b) be cooked
c) cook
d) cooking
e) cooked
Test 7
(FMU - SP) – The correct alternative that completes
the answer related to the question below.
“Do you want to go to Europe ?”
“No, I’d rather (prefiro)________the United States.”
a) visiting
b) visit
c) visitting
d) to visit
e) visited
Test 8
(FMU - SP) - It’s no use (não adianta) ____there
because she isn’t at home.
a) going
b) go
c) to go
d) gone
e) have gone
Test 9
(FMU - SP) - She made me ______ the bill
before________.
a) paid; to travel
b) pay; travelling
c) paying; travelling
d) to pay; travel
e) pay; to travel
Test 10
He used ____________long distances.
a) walk
b) walking
c) to walk
d) walked
e) to walking
Test 11
She doesn’t feel like (sentir vontade) ______to the
club; She’ d rather (preferir) _____home today.
a) to go; to stay
b) going; staying
c) go; stay
d) going; stay
e) going; to stay
Test 12
Let me ________you. We’d better (é melhor)
____this quickly.
a) help; finish
b) to help; to finish
c) help; finishing
d) helping; finish
e) help; to finish
Test 13
Would you mind _____the window before _____?
a) to open; smoking
b) openning; smoking
c) opening; smoking
d) open; smoke
e) opening; to smoke
Test 14
They’ve decided _____him _______for a while.
a) make; wait
b) to make; wait
c) to make; waiting
d) making; waiting
e) make; to wait
Test 15
Stop ___________! It’s impossible _______you.
a) running; reaching
b) running; to reach
c) to run; to reach
d) runing; to reach
e) running; reach
Test 16
He wants ____________.
a) to quit to drink
b) to quit drinking
c) quit drinking
d) quitting to drink
e) quit drink
Test 17
We enjoy _______although we can’t _______it
very often.
a) to dance; do
b) dance; doing
c) dancing; to do
d) dancing; do
e) to dance; to do
Test 18
The novelist was used ________early in the
morning.
a) to finishing write
b) to finish to write
c) finish writing
d) to finish writing
e) to finishing writing
Test 19
He’s interested in _________that house but for
me it is not even worth ________it.
a) buy; seeing
b) buying; to see
c) buying; seeing
d) to buy; to see
e) buying; see
Test 20
(Puccamp - SP) - Select the verb that cannot
be used in the blank.
She_____________studying that particular problem.
a) avoided
b) stopped
c) was prevented from
d) doesn’t mind
e) decided
Test 21
(Puccamp - SP) - Select the correct alternative.
I hope you don’t mind _________outside.
a) waiting
b) wait
c) have to wait
d) to wait
e) none of the above applies.
Test 22
Sally seems to be used to______people do
things for her.
a) b) having
c) had
d) have
e) none of the above applies.
Test 23
(Sta. Cecília - Santos - SP) - You cannot
be a doctor without ____ hard.
a) to study
b) studying
c) study
d) studied
e) to studied
Test 24
(FESP) - That student apologized for _______ in
class.
a) shouted
b) he shouts
c) shouting
d) having shout
e) shout
Test 25
(FESP) - É melhor eu tomar remédio.
a) It’s better that I take some medicine.
b) I’d rather take some medicine.
c) I’d better take some medicine.
d) It’s better that I’d take some medicine.
e) It’s rather I’d take some medicine.
Test 26
(FCC-SP) - He enjoys ___________in the
mountains.
a) to camp
b) camping
c) to camping
d) camped
e) camp
Test 27
(UnB - DF) - He is very fond of ________.
a) to read
b) had read
c) reading
d) read
e) to reading
Test 28
(FAAP - SP) - He is in charge of____ the dog.
a) training
b) having trained
c) to train
d) trainning
e) trained
Test 29
(FAAP - SP) - Which is the correct form?
a) Instead of to study he went to the movies.
b) Instead of studies he went to the movies.
c) Instead of studied he went to the movies.
d) Instead of studying he went to the movies.
e) Instead of to studying he went to the movies.
Test 30

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