Fisheries (WASSAN)

Report
Fisheries in Rainfed area:
A neglected but potential area
RRA network Review workshop
7-10th May 2013
Background, Context and Design
•Project overview: Daultabad, Malkangiri, Chaterpur, Bagli, Kunigel, Burhanpur
• Total waterbodies covered: 268
Context and problem analysis:
Opportunities:
• Small and seasonal waterbodies
•Lack of government support/infrastructure
• Most of the perennial and big waterbodies
are under influence of contractors
•Non availability of quality seed
• Poor institutional system
• Limited coverage of govt dept.
•Fisheries is not seen as opportunity to
support livelihood by NGO sector
• Existing large numbers of waterbodies
of varied size and seasonality
• Ensured local market
• Opportunity to establish institutional
set up and producers organisation
•Opportunity to show case model for
how to revive FFDAs
•Opprtunity to link technical institutes
with farmers
• Fisheries is rainfed area has potential to
work at higher level/policy level
•Absence of research, paper, and
publication on this issue
•
Implication of the program:
• CP partners are interested to move forward, Farmers are interested, in some places even
government dept is keen to provide support, CIFA mini hatchery technology in CP area
Present Potential:
•Livelihood Perspective
•Diversified Food Systems
•Protein and Nutritional Components
•Gender Components
•Local Economy: Employment Generation, increased market focus through
combination of species
Policy Gap
•Little Public Investments
•Institutional Bottlenecks: Public and Community
•Challenges in Common Property Regimes
•Maintenance of Water Bodies
•Little Research
Prejudice:
• Seasonality of water bodies limiting fish production
•Inland fisheries is low value vis-à-vis marine
•Not recognized as a important source of Livelihood vis-à-vis other sectors
Organic constraints:
Issue
Gap
Access and control
- Lease policy, Involvement of
Case study, state level
more than two dept., cooperative analysis, state level advocacy
system, short term lease, state to
state policy varies
Institutional and governance - Lack of transparency, inflict of
issue
contractors, lack of KL about
system and process, capacity gap
Potential strategies
Capacity building of
institution, revival as well as
promotion of new
associations, local specific...
Support system
- Training, Net, Inventory , seed,
Panchayat and block level
govt scheme , market, ice/ice box, support system, CRPs, service
information's, feed, credit
kiosk, linkages with dept,
bank, federation, technical
institutes etc...
Lack of research and
published materials
- Dept and research inst.
Advocates for intensive culture,
no materials available from
rainfed view,Budget/ investment
is minimal
- Generate evidences from
field(CP as well as outside
CP), involve likeminded
technical experts, sharing of
documents/data in larger
Progress, Achievements
Achieved:
• Program is successfully integrated with CP program/Most of the partners are
doing first time
• Developed linkages with local dept., KVK, Technical institutes( CIFE,CIFA,BAU)
•Organic spread in nearby block and Panchyats
•Policy paper
Some basic facts from program area:
• Some basic facts from the data collected from field:
• Nearly 85% of water bodies have area under and equal to 1 acre
• Nearly 75% of waterbodies has water availability for less than 8
months
• None of the selected farmers were earlier trained by any extension
and support agency
• None of the farmers had received benefit of any government
scheme
• Intervention like pond cleaning, regular feeding and local
scheduled harvest helped famers to earn average 9-10,000 per
acre of waterbody area.
• In all the ponds women family members also got engaged in
feeding and care related management practices
Key Activities
Planned
Achieved
Desk Research
Two
•Status of Fisheries based
program in RKVY
•Inland fisheries policy in India
•The data collection (state
wise/Year wise) is completed.
/draft write up by May
• Draft Completed
Workshops and Consultations
•National level consultation on
Inland fisheries
•State level consultation in
Orissa and Jharkhand
•Couldn’t be completed
because NFDB didn’t provided
financial resources
•Couldn’t achieve because
partners were doing fisheries
first time and field level data
were not available
Field Visits
Planned two each in (
11 Field visits( 1 –WASSAN, 1IDF,WASSAN.AKRSP,MALKANGI AKRSP,2-WASSAN, 4RI,SPS , CIKS and VSK)
Malkangiri,1- IDF,2- SPS, 1VSK, 1-ciks)
Consultations with
Scientists/research
institutions
Any other, specify....
2
4 ( With CIFA in Bhubneshwar and CIFE in Mumbai,
KVK-dewas,)
Meeting with district fisheries officials (Dewas,
Mahboobnagar, Tumkur,Khandwa, Palamu,
Malkangiri, Pune), NABARD office- Bhubneshwar, DC
(Malkangiri, Kandamahal), RD commissioner and
Secretary - Madhya pradesh
Inauguration of FRC Malkangiri by DC
Layering:
Community /group
level intervention,
Support based
intervention
Capacity building,
Group formation
Linkages
Issue based
research,
Documentation,
Publication
Consultation
meeting
Panchayat and block
level facilitation unit,
Plan dev., dept
linkages , FFDA?
Generate
evidence
from field
Institutions
and system/
Mechanism
Disseminatio
n, learning
/sharing
Policy
analysis and
advocacy,
Networking/
forum
Lease, credit,
institution, multi
dept.,
With State dept,
DAHD, NRLM, SLNA,
SLM,
ICAR,agri university
State/ National level
forum
Analysis/ Reflections
• We need to work constantly on all the four segment
equally.
• Documentation and sharing is a challenging area , long
term impact, need to strengthen
• Most of the NGOs are first generation org./Fisheries
• Establish system, protocol at district and FFDA level
• Study on institutional aspect and governance , FFDA etc
and series of consultation meeting are required more than
production enhancement
• Pool of human resources are required/ data base mgmt/
analysis
• RRA program has potential to contribute at larger level ,
require consistency
Key risk and assumption
• Lack of database management, key documents,
occasional document etc will loose our evidence base
and argument in debate
• Limited human resource base is a risk in long term
• Missing discussion on rainfed fisheries
• Even working with indivisual farmers without a
systematic approach may loose program premise
• Multi dimensional approach needs convergence at same
point
Institutional Arrangement and Support Systems
• Contribution to CP in program design, step by step
progression, linkages
• Situation analysis, strategy dev.
• Compilation of useful material and dissemination
• Study /ResRA
• Reporting to:
- Secretariat
Institutional arrangement
Existing system:
Policy maker
Circular/prog.
Govt service provider
Targeted selected
recipient
Envisaged institutional model
Proposals at
Gram
Panchayat
Capacity
building and
support point
Fishery
dept./FFDA
Farmers Resource Center
Information
and linkages
point
Facilitate
implementation
of sanctioned
proposals
Farmers Producer
organisation at Panchayat/
Block level, at later stage
Single window
clearance system
for panchayat
plans
Convergence budget
against proposal from
GP:
MGNREGA, RKVY,
ATMA, NRLM,
Horticulture, NABARD
etc.
Benefit of this
model:
Community-DeptInst. –public
investment
convergence for
sector dev.
Key take away:
• Work in collaboration with dept. Require strategic
intervention, but analysis ,report , evidences are
crucial
• Working on fisheries issue require long term
commitment.
• Involving other stakeholders /and sector player is
key for success in advocacy.
• There is no immediate output. One output lead to
many other steps to be taken
• Result from one monsoon season is not an indicator
of success or failure.
Next year plan
268
1300+
Based on the experiences so far and opportunities ahead, this
roadmap for this year covers five action area; namely
• Community based intervention with indivisual farmers as
well as group/coops/SHG etc
• Linkages with technical institutions/ICAR bodies
• Linkages / Coordination with Govt dept
• Documentation, best practices, sharing
• Leveraging resources
Recommend NFDB for a study and initiation of a
pilot incorporating some of the policy
recommendations in about 50 blocks in rainfed
agro-ecological areas
1. Support to CP: MIS development, Local plan , system to be established for long
term plan with dept.
2. Linkages with Institutions: CP linkages with ICAR inst. and Ag. Uni.
3. Consultation: One national level and three state level (Orissa, Jharkhand,
Karnataka)
4. Publication: Atleast three working paper( property right/tenural right, institutional
and governance analysis, Fisheries in RKVY in 11th V Year plan), Bi monthly e –
document, compendium of papers submitted during consultation meet
5. Leveraging additional support: atleast one additional funding support to be
leveraged
6. Alliance building in other state: advocacy and network related task in some other
state including Maharastra
7. Institutionalising a dedicated org. on this theme
Support expected:
- Team of HR to be placed at strategic location( Jharkhand, Dewas, Malkangiri, if
possible even in Bankura)
- Budgetary clarity and support
- Some travel support to visit outside CP location like in Maharstra, W.bengal, Bihar,
Chatishgarh
- Opportunity to develops a national level forum on this issue.
To be contd....
Moving forward...

similar documents