What is the difference between delegated, reserved, and concurrent powers? • A delegated power is a power given to the national government. An example is coining money, declaring war, and making treaties with other nations. • A reserved power is a power specifically reserved to the states. Powers include setting up local governments and determining the speed limit. • A concurrent power is a power that is given to both the states and the federal government. Concurrent powers include: making and enforcing the laws, education, and public safety. What powers are given to the president? • • • • • • • • Enforce the laws Vetoes bills Executive Orders Pardons criminals Commands armed forces Conducts foreign policy Makes treaties Appoints Cabinet and Supreme Court Why is it important that the president and Congress work together? (Use specific powers for each to answer the question!) • While Congress is responsible for making the laws, the President and Congress must work together. The executive branch is responsible for enforcing the laws and can veto bills that he does not agree with. While the President can make treaties, only Congress can approve them. Although the President can nominate people for the Cabinet and Supreme Court, Congress has the ability to approve them. The President is Commander and Chief of Armed Forces; however, only Congress can declare war. There are many checks and balances between the President and Congress. How are the branches able to check the powers of the other two? (Be specific!) Describe the 3 branches of government. • • Legislative – Make laws – 2 Houses of Congress • Senate • 6 year term – unlimited # • Represent the entire state • House of Representatives • 2 year term – unlimited # • Represent congressional districts – Make laws – Approve presidential appointments – Impeach federal officials – Declare war – Approves treaties Judicial Branch – Interprets the Law – Supreme Court – 9 justices total – Life Terms – Declare laws unconstitutional – Declare executive orders unconstitutional Which branch do you think is the most important and the least important? Why? • Answers can vary as long as they justify their response well. How and why do you think the term limits differ for each branch? • Answers can vary as long as they justify their response. – Ex. President’s term should be limited so that we do not have a king. – Ex. The Supreme Court should have a life term so that they do not feel like they have to do what is always popular with the people. What is right, is often not always popular. – Ex. The legislative branch should have unlimited term length. If the people in their state think that they are doing a good job, they should be able to return to Congress.