What is the difference between delegated, reserved, and concurrent

What is the difference between delegated, reserved, and concurrent powers?
• A delegated power is a power given to the
national government. An example is coining
money, declaring war, and making treaties with
other nations.
• A reserved power is a power specifically reserved
to the states. Powers include setting up local
governments and determining the speed limit.
• A concurrent power is a power that is given to
both the states and the federal government.
Concurrent powers include: making and
enforcing the laws, education, and public safety.
What powers are given to the president?
Enforce the laws
Vetoes bills
Executive Orders
Pardons criminals
Commands armed forces
Conducts foreign policy
Makes treaties
Appoints Cabinet and Supreme Court
Why is it important that the president and Congress work together?
(Use specific powers for each to answer the question!)
• While Congress is responsible for making the laws, the
President and Congress must work together. The
executive branch is responsible for enforcing the laws
and can veto bills that he does not agree with. While
the President can make treaties, only Congress can
approve them. Although the President can nominate
people for the Cabinet and Supreme Court, Congress
has the ability to approve them. The President is
Commander and Chief of Armed Forces; however, only
Congress can declare war. There are many checks and
balances between the President and Congress.
How are the branches able to check the powers of the other two?
(Be specific!)
Describe the 3 branches of government.
– Make laws
– 2 Houses of Congress
• Senate
• 6 year term – unlimited #
• Represent the entire state
• House of Representatives
• 2 year term – unlimited #
• Represent congressional districts
– Make laws
– Approve presidential appointments
– Impeach federal officials
– Declare war
– Approves treaties
Judicial Branch
– Interprets the Law
– Supreme Court
– 9 justices total
– Life Terms
– Declare laws unconstitutional
– Declare executive orders unconstitutional
Which branch do you think is the most important and the least important? Why?
• Answers can vary as long as they justify their
response well.
How and why do you think the term limits differ for each branch?
• Answers can vary as long as they justify their
– Ex. President’s term should be limited so that we do
not have a king.
– Ex. The Supreme Court should have a life term so that
they do not feel like they have to do what is always
popular with the people. What is right, is often not
always popular.
– Ex. The legislative branch should have unlimited term
length. If the people in their state think that they are
doing a good job, they should be able to return to

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