Slide 1 - Shanna R. Simpson

Report
Shanna R. Simpson-Singleton
Professor Kenneth Shiskowski, Ph.D.
Mathematics Department
 An ancient civilization (approx. 3000 B.C.E – 1800 B.C.E.)
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that populated Mesopotamia, an area between the Tigris
and Euphrates Valley.
They are often referred to as the cradle of civilization.
Credited for the creation of the written language as a form
cryptography.
Used the substitution method of cryptography to encrypt
cuneiform messages on stone tablets.
Sources: http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/MESO/SUMER.HTM
and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesopotamia
Photo from:
http://www.livius.org/a/1/mesopotamia/gilgamesh_louvre.JPG
 A very religious and ritualistic
Photo from:
http://i94.photobucket.com/albums/l97/bfnmusic/Freedom%
20Papers/Stewart%20Synopsis/AncientEgyptianFamily.jpg
ancient civilization (3100 B.C.E. –
330 B.C.E,).
 Known best for its architecture of
temple, monuments, and tombs.
 Used the substitution method of
cryptology to amuse travelers and
created a dramatic affect with
ancient religious texts.
 Sources:
http://i94.photobucket.com/albu
ms/l97/bfnmusic/Freedom%20Pa
pers/Stewart%20Synopsis/Ancient
EgyptianFamily.jpg and (Pinock, p.
12)
 A Roman emperor that is
credited for building the
Great Roman Empire.
 Used the Caesar cipher, an
affine transformation cipher,
to secretly communicate with
his generals.
 Sources:
http://i94.photobucket.com/a
lbums/l97/bfnmusic/Freedo
m%20Papers/Stewart%20Syn
opsis/AncientEgyptianFamily.
jpg and (Pinock, p. 12)
Photo from: http://www.desitin.dk/images/JuliusCaesar.jpg
 A French diplomat and
cryptographer (1523-1596).
 The Vigenère cipher is named
after him, although it was later
discovered that he may not have
created this cipher. (maybe Giovan
Battista Bellaso created the cipher).
 Later created the autokey cipher.
 Sources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vigen
%C3%A8re_cipher and
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blaise
_de_Vigen%C3%A8re
Photo from: http://www-ivs.cs.unimagdeburg.de/bs/lehre/wise0102/progb/vortraege/mzoellner/
vigenere.jpg
 An AT&T Bell Labs engineer
(1890-1960).
 Credited for creating the
stream cipher and the Vernam
cipher for
telecommunications. Also cocreated the one-time pad
cipher with Joseph
Mauborgne.
 Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Gilbert_Vernam
Photo from:
http://www.aldebaran.cz/bulletin/2005_14/vernam.jpg
 Major General of the US
Army (1881-1971).
 Co-created the one-time
pad cipher with Gilbert
Vernam.
 Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wi
ki/Joseph_Mauborgne
Photo from: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c0/Joseph_Mauborgne.jpg/180pxJoseph_Mauborgne.jpg
 Created the Hill Cipher in
1929.
 Patented a machine for his
cipher which is pictured on
the left of this text.
 Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wi
ki/Hill_cipher
Photo from: http://www.und.nodak.edu/org/crypto/crypto/.hill4.html
 Co-published the exponentiation cipher with Martin
Hellman.
 It is said that the algorithm was first discovered by Roland
Silver, but Pohlig and Martin published their independent
research first.
 Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PohligHellman_algorithm
 Previous Stanford professor
(born 1945).
 Co-created/published the
exponentiation cipher, the
Knapsack cipher, and the
Diffie-Hellman key
exchange system.
 Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wi
ki/Martin_Hellman
Photo from: http://cs-exhibitions.uniklu.ac.at/uploads/pics/Martin-Hellman.jpg
 Engineer and Mathematician that worked for the GCHQ
(Government Communications Headquarters for the British
Intelligence Agency) (1924-1997).
 Co-created what is now known as the public-key cryptosystem
with Clifford Cocks and Michael Williamson.
 Although these gentlemen created the public-key cryptosystem
in addition to many other cryptosystems and key generators first,
they were forced to keep the information classified. It was not
announced/published until after Ellis died in 1997.
 Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_H._Ellis
 Mathematician and
cryptographer that worked for
the GCHQ (Government
Communications Headquarters
for the British Intelligence
Agency) (born December 28,
1950).
 Co-created the public-key
cryptosystem with James H. Ellis
and Malcolm Williamson.
 Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clif
ford_Cocks
Photo from :
http://www.simonsingh.net/images/610.jpg
 Mathematician that worked
for the GCHQ (Government
Communications
Headquarters for the British
Intelligence Agency).
 Co-created the public-key
cryptosystem with James H.
Ellis and Clifford Cocks.
 Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Malcolm_Williamson_(crypto
grapher)
Photo from:
http://www.livinginternet.com/g/williamson_malcolm1.JPG
 Professor at Georgia Tech.
University (born February
2, 1952).
 Co-creator of the Knapsack
cipher along with Martin
Hellman.
 Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wi
ki/Ralph_Merkle
Photo from: http://www.nndb.com/people/410/000028326/ralph-cmerkle.jpg
 Professor at MIT
Massachusetts Institute of
Technology (born 1947)
 Co-created the RSA
cryptosystem along with
Adi Shamir and Leonard
Adleman.
 Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wi
ki/Ronald_Rivest
Photo from: http://www.iacr.org/fellows/2004/RonRivest.jpg
 Cryptographer and
cryptanalyst (born July 6,
1952).
 Co-created the RSA
cryptosystem along with
Ronald Rivest and Leonard
Adleman.
 Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wi
ki/Adi_Shamir
Photo from: http://www.iacr.org/fellows/2004/RonRivest.jpg
 Professor at the University of
Southern California and a
theoretical computer scientist
(born December 31, 1945).
 Co-creator of the RSA
cryptosystem along with
Ronald Rivest and Adi Shamir.
 Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Leonard_Adleman
Photo from:
http://infosecurity.us/images/professor_len_adleman.jpg
 Professor at Harvard
University and Hebrew
University (born
September 1, 1931).
 Creator of the Rabin system
and various other
cryptosystems.
 Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wi
ki/Michael_Rabin
Photo from: http://www.hno.harvard.edu/gazette/2001/04.26/photos/06-rabin-450.jpg
 Chief Security Officer and
Vice President of Sun
Microsystems
Laboratories(born June 5,
1944).
 Co-creator of the DiffieHellman Key Exchange
System along with Martin
Hellman.
 Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Whitfield_Diffie
Photo from: http://farm1.static.flickr.com/164/384100611_05768d08a7_o.jpg
 Retired professor (born
1934).
 Co-created the MasseyOmura Cryptosystem along
with Jim K. Omura.
 Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wi
ki/James_Massey
Photo from: http://www.win.tue.nl/math/eidma/courses/minicourses/massey/Massey1.jpg
 Technology strategist and
security advisor.
 Co-created the MasseyOmura Cryptosystem along
with James Massey.
 Source:
http://www.ieee.org/portal
/pages/about/awards/bios/
2005bell.html
Photo from: http://www.ieee.org/portal/cms_docs/about/awards/bios/2005Bell.jpg
 Chief technical officer and
Co-Chair of the Board of
Directors at Securify (born
August 18, 1955).
 Creator of the Elgamal
cryptosystem.
 Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wi
ki/Taher_Elgamal
Photo from: http://www.ams.org/featurecolumn/images/april2006/internet13.jpg

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