Egyptian Art Style • The definition of style when used in art is: – an artwork, artist, or movement that follows a distinctive method, form, and set of rules – For example any loose brushy, dripped or poured abstract painting is called expressionistic. – Often a style is linked with a particular historical period, set of ideas, or movement. Style Example Abstract Expressionism Jackson Pollock Wassily Kandinski Egyptian Art • Government Controlled Rules of Art • 3100 BCE through 31 BCE (Roman Conquest) Egyptian art is said to be timeless. For nearly 3,000 years artists used many of the same artistic rules made by priests. Where do we see Egyptian Art? Most Egyptian art is found on the thousands of burial tombs and temple walls scattered across Egypt. What purpose did it have? The Egyptians held the belief that the preservation of the body was not enough. If the likeness of the person and all aspects of life and the Egyptian beliefs of the afterlife were preserved upon the walls it would help the ka in the afterlife. This concept also applies to all of the statues, jewelry, furniture, and etc. that were placed in the tomb. Stylistic Rules 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Used to decorate tombs and temple walls Linear Picture Plane Horror vacui Hierarchical scale Geometric Regularity NEPOHB: Natural & easy position of the human body a. b. c. d. Head in profile “Full face eye” Full torso and legs Two “inside” feet Linear Picture Plane All of the forms are in line. No background or foreground YES No Horror vacui “Fear of empty spaces” Art crowded with figures or decorations. YES No Hierarchical scale Art showing more important figures larger than less important figures. YES No Geometric Regularity Use of basic shape and a repetition of patterns YES No NEPOHB Natural & easy position of the human body Everything (all parts of the body)had to be represented from its most characteristic angle (all at the same time). Consider the effect which this idea had on the representation of the human body. Head in Profile The head was most easily seen in profile so they drew it sideways. YES No “Full Face Eye” If we think of the human eye we think of it as seen from the front. Accordingly, a full-face eye was planted into the side view of the face. YES No Full Torso and Legs The top half of the body, the shoulders and chest, are best seen from the front, for then we see how the arms are hinged to the body. Conversely, arms and legs in movement are much more clearly seen sideways. YES No “Two Inside Feet” Egyptian artists found it hard to visualize either foot seen from the outside. They preferred the clear outline from the big toe upwards. YES No Egyptian Art Review Not all the rules listed will appear on every piece of art. However, a majority of the rules were used. The rules were also consistently followed for 3000 years creating a unique style of art that we can clearly associate with the Ancient Egyptians. *Many of the “Yes” photos are not from the Egyptian style of art. They were used to represent the singular concept.