The presentations can be found in one document by

Report
Whole system working in
Cheshire and Merseyside
Melanie Sirotkin –Centre Director, PHE
Fiona Johnstone –Director of Public Health,
Policy & Performance, Wirral Council
and Chair of Champs
Nine local
authorities
covering a
population
of 2.4
million
people
2
Cheshire and Merseyside System
Cheshire &
Merseyside
Public Health
England
Centre
9 Local Authorities –
supported by
CHAMPs Network
3
Voluntary &
Independent
Sector
Health &
Wellbeing
Board
• 2 x NHS England
Area Teams
• 12 x CCGs
What’s it like out there? – Wider determinants
• Deprivation – 5/9 authorities in the most deprived quintile. Child poverty
and older people in deprivation is worse than the England average.
• Unemployment - higher than England average in 6/9 authorities
(2011/12).
• Income - average weekly pay is lower than the England average in 8/9
authorities.
Index of Deprivation, 2010, %, Cheshire & Merseyside (comparing to England average)
4
What’s it like out there? (PHOF)*
•
•
•
Life expectancy in both males and females is lower in most (8/9) local authorities.
Higher preventable mortality (liver disease, CVD, cancer)
Similar or better – health check offer but poorer health check take up.
•
•
•
Rates of low birth weight better than or similar to.
Lower breast feeding rates.
Teenage conceptions lower or similar in 6/9 authorities.
•
•
Excess weight in 10-11 year olds worse than or similar to (most authorities).
Similar levels of physical activity.
•
•
Similar or less smoking in routine and manual groups.
Successful completion of drug treatment (opiate and non opiates –similar or better)
•
Good coverage MMR, HPV and flu (at risk).
•
•
Higher rates of injuries due to falls.
Emergency re-admissions within 30days of discharge from hospital is worse than
England average
*Compared to England average
5
Health & Care Indicators
Health and care indicators, 2011, %, Cheshire & Merseyside (comparing to England average)
6
What’s it like out there – North West mental
health and wellbeing survey - key findings
• All nine local authority areas within Cheshire and Merseyside (C&M)
participated in the 2012/13 North West survey.
• The WEMWBS scores varied in significance for the 9 local authorities with 2
showing an improvement between 2012/13 and 2009.
• Overall 15.3% of respondents had ‘low’ mental wellbeing, 64.1% had
‘moderate’ and 20.6% had ‘high’ mental wellbeing. This varied widely across
the nine local areas.
• The mean life satisfaction score for Cheshire and Merseyside was
significantly higher than the North West mean.
Source: North West Mental Health and Wellbeing Survey 2012/13
7
What’s it like out there?
• Strong traditions of music, arts, culture
and sport rich heritage – castles, parks,
historic building
• Vibrant voluntary sector – Change up
consortium in Greater Merseyside
working with 18 organisations and
investing in voluntary, community and
faith groups
Top 5 priorities from the Local Health and
Wellbeing Board Strategies
• Mental Wellbeing
• Children
• Alcohol
• Older people
• Sustainable places
9
Champs public health collaborative service
Led by the 9 Cheshire and Merseyside local authority Directors of Public
Health, facilitated by a support team.
Owned and delivered by our local public health teams.
Generates efficiencies and improves service quality and outcomes.
It does this across four key areas:
•
Improving commissioning
•
Advising the NHS
•
Protecting health
•
Leading public health
Key successes
• Mental health
• Asset based approaches
• Mental health champions
• Suicide prevention
• Behaviour change
• PHE mental wellbeing pilot
• Breastmilk It’s Amazing campaign
• Pharmacies campaigns
• Sector led improvement
• Health Checks review
• National Child Measurement
Programme review
• Sexual Health review
Healthy places
An innovative large scale change
programme.
A fresh approach to working with our
commercial, public and 3rd sector
partners.
Our aim is to support communities to
create their own healthy places to live.
Ultimately, it’s about prevention and
reducing reliance on services.
Shaping healthy places
CW&C – the journey so far
Caryn Cox – Director of Public Health
Cheshire West and Chester Council
The background
Wholesale changes to healthy system
Public health moved into the local authority
Planners unsure of how to engage with ‘health’
Raft of guidance and evidence already out there
Public health - no understanding of where health fitted into
existing planning processes
Getting started and the baseline
Established links with planners – strategic/spatial and development control
Public health hosted and facilitated a meeting
CCGs x 2
CSU – Cheshire and Merseyside
Local authority planners
NHS England
NHS PropCo
Public Health England
Commissioned health planners to audit existing processes and recent
planning applications to understand baseline
“Better Health Outcomes Through Spatial Planning”
The journey continues
Local development framework consultation – significant PH
submission and all key stakeholders also submitted
Agreement to develop a Supplementary Planning Document (SPD)
as part of the Local Plan on Health and Wellbeing
Preparing evidence for the Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL)
All significant planning applications pass through Public Health
Active member of SPAHG (Spatial Planning and Health Group) and
strong links with WHO at UWE
Housing links – local authority and RSLs
Healthy Places – new key area for ChaMPS
Cheshire & Merseyside PHE
(North West KIT)
Key Assets for Recovery
Tom Hennell
Friday 4th April 2014
Long-standing illness and wellbeing
Health Survey for England 2011; weighted for non-response
Quintiles of Wellbeing (WEMWBS scores)
highest
second
third
fourth
lowest
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%
percentages of quintile population
limiting illness
19
non-limiting illness
no illness
100%
120%
Long-standing cardiovascular conditions and wellbeing
Health Survey for England 2011; weighted for non-response
Quintiles of Wellbeing (WEMWBS scores)
highest
second
third
fourth
lowest
0%
1%
2%
3%
4%
5%
percentages of quintile population
non-limiting illness
20
limiting illness
6%
7%
Observations on long-standing illnesses from population
surveys
Long-standing conditions characteristically progress from
being ‘limiting’ to being ‘non-limiting’.
The proportion of persons reporting a long-standing
condition, and experiencing it as non-limiting/limiting, is an
indicator or recovery/non-recovery.
Higher levels of positive wellbeing are associated with lower
levels of limiting long-standing illness; through increased
capability at ‘getting ill better’.
21
Odds of reporting long-standing illness as limiting
Health Survey for England 2011; adjusted for age, sex, and
employment status
Quintiles of Wellbeing (WEMWBS scores)
highest
second
third
fourth
lowest
0.0
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
Adjusted Odds Ratio
22
5.0
6.0
7.0
Odds of reporting long-standing illness as limiting
Health Survey for England 2011; adjusted for age, sex, employment status
and EQ5D components (pain, anxiety, mobility, self-care, daily activities)
Quintiles of Wellbeing (WEMWBS scores)
highest
second
third
fourth
lowest
0.0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
Adjusted Odds Ratio
23
2.5
3.0
Two agendas for Public Health
‘Getting ill less’:
interventions aimed at reducing incidence of illness, through
reducing exposure to avoidable health risks.
‘Getting ill better’:
Interventions aimed at earlier recognition of illness, and reducing
inhibitions against becoming ill.
Interventions aimed at reducing duration and recurrence of illness,
through improving access to recovery assets; and reducing
inhibitions against recovery.
24
'Not good' general health, and household income per head
adjusted odds ratios for persons aged 16+ in Health Survey for England 2011
quintiles of equivalised household
income
lowest income
fourth
third
adjusted for age
second
adjusted for age, sex, education,
ethnicity, drinking, smoking, diet
and obesity
highest income
0
1
2
3
4
5
adjusted odds ratio; highest income quintile = 1.00
25
6
Proposed ‘characteristics of recovery’
derived from reported experience of recovering persons; together with analyses of
self-reported limiting long-term illness in Health Survey for England and British
Household Panel Survey.
(see Bartley et al. JECH 2004; 58, 501-506)
Recovery is:
Universal; everyone is potentially able to recover, given access to recovery
assets, and non-exposure to inhibitions,
Non-clinical; recovery is to be distinguished from discharge from clinical
treatment or long-term condition management,
Transformational; recovery is conditional on acquiring the capability to change
social context, such that the condition does not recur,
Communicable; recovery is best achieved when co-produced within a
community of recovering persons, supporting practitioners and reciprocal
social partners.
26
Presentation title - edit in Header and Footer
Jobs, Homes, Friends
Employment and Job Security
Being able to retain employed status while recovering; together with flexibility
and capability for adjusting employment conditions to support recovery and
reduce risk of recurrence.
Housing and Financial Security
Having access to secure and sufficient housing to support recovery; allied to
assurance of sufficient financial resource (especially including access to
benefit income) for housing to be sustainable without creating or exacerbating
problems of debt.
Wider Social Engagement and Shared Recreation
Specifically, having access to mutual support from other recovering persons –
as in ‘recovery communities’; but more widely in regular, non-work,
engagement with friends and local neighbours outside of the immediate
household, offering trust and being trusted.
27
Supporting local decision-making
- the i-hit tool -
Clare Perkins and Matt Hennessey
Knowledge and Intelligence Team (North West)
i-hit
•
Originally developed by the former North West Public Health
Observatory, with Liverpool John Moores University, to support Salford
PCT/LA and their partners in understanding where to invest to achieve
maximum gain in life expectancy
•
Salford wanted to develop a model that would predict the effect on life
expectancy of improving key determinants of health, through
investment in effective public health interventions. To better understand
the ‘causes of causes’ and to identify priorities for multi-agency
investment
•
i-hit models statistical associations between indicators in the health
profiles, using Bayesian mathematical methods and conditional
independence algorithms, and quantifies the scale of change needed
across all the health indicators to achieve ambitions for life expectancy
•
The tool demonstrates that to achieve sustained health improvement,
effort is needed across the spectrum of determinants of health
29
Engaging with Health and Wellbeing Boards and Wider Partners; the i-hit tool
30
Engaging with Health and Wellbeing Boards and Wider Partners; the i-hit tool
Scenario: What is the scale of change
needed to improve life expectancy for men
by 2 years?
32
Engaging with Health and Wellbeing Boards and Wider Partners; the i-hit tool
Scenario: What is the scale of change observed if
we reduced adult smoking in Salford to the
national average? Note the effect on child poverty
and wider social determinants
33
Engaging with Health and Wellbeing Boards and Wider Partners; the i-hit tool
Scenario: What is the scale of change observed if
GCSE attainment equalled the current national
average? Note that life expectancy (males) would
increase by over 4% and unemployment would be
down by nearly 60%
34
Engaging with Health and Wellbeing Boards and Wider Partners; the i-hit tool
Next steps for i-hit
Stage 1 (in progress)
Stage 2
• Refresh with recent data from
Public Health Outcomes
Framework and produce new map
• Model impact for different
geographies
• Increase map interactivity
• Scale up the tool for piloting across
North West Local Authorities and
Health and Wellbeing Boards
35
• Develop functionality to be able to:
1) ‘fix’ indicators in the tool
2) model changes in multiple
indicators ‘on the fly’
Engaging with Health and Wellbeing Boards and Wider Partners; the i-hit tool
Impact of i-hit in Salford
• The tool was used in Salford to
develop a long list of priorities and to
consider the scale of the challenge
• It increased the Board’s focus on
social determinants of health which
became one of the key priorities
• It strengthened wider stakeholder
engagement in considering interrelationships of factors e.g. smoking
and child poverty, violent crime and
life expectancy
• Shaped the scale of challenge –
creating more realistic scaled
challenges for the first three years of
the strategy alongside aspiration for
long term goals
36
Engaging with Health and Wellbeing Boards and Wider Partners; the i-hit tool
Local first
Forthcoming National tools to support the local systems:
• National conversation on Health inequalities
• Health and Wellbeing Framework for England and menu of interventions
• Alcohol licencing support pack
Forthcoming NoE/Centre tools to support the local system:
• PHOF summary tool
• Health Equity North
• Horizon scanning for emerging issues
• Child health resource pack
• Working with NHS England to identify local data requirements
37
Wellbeing Sefton
Dr Janet Atherton
Director of Public Health
Sefton’s Award Winning
Arts on Prescription Programme for
adults with mild to moderate
depression, stress or anxiety
Creativity flourishes in Sefton
• Seed- ‘Arts & Health pilot’ in 2005
• Roots- ‘Invest to Save’ three year
funding
• Shoots- Weekly workshops in four
locations NHS Sefton/Council joint
funding
• Fruits- Creative Alternatives as a
jewel of The Atkinson Centre‘Sefton’s Centre for Wellbeing
through Culture &Creativity’
Rooted & growing in Sefton
•
•
•
•
•
Labyrinths
Mazes
Heritage walks
Exhibitions
Creativity with vulnerable
groups
• Go with the Flow
• Volunteering
The Impact?
The Data
Case Study: Joanne’s Story
Wellbeing
• 78% improvement in mental wellbeing
SWEMWEBS measure 3.5 point shift from
low to medium wellbeing
•
Lifestyle improvements
• Physical activity
• Diet
• Increased social activity
• Smoking cessation
• Alcohol reduction
• Reduced medication
• GP visits reduced
•
66%
36%
68%
29%
32%
32%
34%
Social Return on Investment
• £6.95 for every £1 invested
£6.95 for every £1 of expenditure
•
•
•
•
I have struggled with anxiety since I was fourteen
but never found effective help. For me Creative
Alternatives was a final attempt.
At Creative Alternatives no one judged me,
problems were shared and I have formed some
special friendships.
I have done many things through the programme
which I never would have thought possible – they
have encouraged me out of my comfort zone.
Creative Alternatives has really increased my
confidence in travelling to different places.
Since leaving the programme I have been doing
voluntary work. This was a big achievement for me
as I had not worked for nine years as a result of
anxiety. I loved seeing what a difference I could
make to other people.
I have halved my medication and now feel more in
control of my anxiety, it doesn’t stop me from
doing things as much as it used to, now I am living
my life instead of just existing.
Sefton results:
5 point improvement
on a 35 point scale
from 20 to 25
Moving from low
wellbeing to
moderate
wellbeing
43
Promote Prevent Recover
• SEAS- Sefton Emotional Achievement Service
delivered in Sefton schools
• Wellbeing Sefton- a collaborative of social
prescribing providers targeting adults with low
wellbeing
• Recovery College- an approach by Mersey
Care enhancing the talents, skills and
resources of service users to support their
own recovery
Community Wellbeing
• Building community resilience
Community asset development in 3 localities:
‘Fair Deal’ five ways to wellbeing kit utilised
for community engagement
• Integrated Wellness Service- a holistic
approach to individual and community
wellbeing
• Green infrastructure for wellbeing
• Healthy Streets
Champs Mental Wellbeing
Programme
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Commissioning for mental wellbeing outcomes
Brief Intervention
Integrated Wellness Services
Social Prescribing
Leadership & Workforce Development
Public awareness- PHE marketing Five Ways
PH role in reducing burden of mental illness
Mitigating the impact of welfare reform
Steps to flourishing
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Vision & drive
Opportunities seized
Creativity
Partnerships
Evidence
Influence
££ ?
Public Health Approach to
addressing Domestic Abuse in
Knowsley
Matthew Ashton
Director of Public Health
Knowsley MBC
Overview
• Background
• Process
• Key findings
• Political scrutiny
• Scrutiny Recommendations
• Key messages
Background
• Domestic abuse is a significant public health issue, having
a major impact upon those directly affected and their
families.
• Locally, it had been raised as a issue at the Safeguarding
Children’s Board and through the wider Knowsley
Partnership.
• Previous needs assessments (and consequently services)
developed from a Community Safety perspective.
• Need for new needs assessment from health perspective
1 in 9 females drink alcohol at increasing & high risk levels
1 in 15 females have coronary heart disease (CHD)
1 in 61 people have Cancer
(source: Crime
Survey for
England & Wales
2012)
(source: QOF April 11 –
March 12)
1 in 8 females have Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) – Heart disease and strokes
www.apho.org.uk
/diseaseprevalen
cemodels modelled
estimates
1 In 3 females suffer from domestic abuse
http://www.apho
.org.uk/resource/
item.aspx?RID=11
(source: Life style
1120 – modelled
survey 2012)
estimates
1 in 3 females smoke
(source: Life style
survey 2012)
In Knowsley
Population impact?
Domestic abuse incidents (N
=3409)
Domestic abuse
crimes (N = 489)
Sanction
detentions (N =
318)
Court cases
(N = 288)
Successful
convictions
(N = 204)
Aims of Needs Assessment
The aims of the needs assessment were;
• To assess the levels of domestic abuse, and health and
wellbeing needs of those affected in Knowsley
• To identify the causes and drivers of domestic abuse
• To explore the links between domestic abuse and other risk
taking behaviours
• To investigate the extent to which current service provision
is addressing the needs
Process
• Conduct Literature / evidence review
• Data intelligence collation and analysis
(incl. service mapping and intelligence)
• Stakeholder engagement
• Scrutiny review
Overview of trend
Domestic abuse Offences/crimes
Knowsley Domestic Abuse Service
Referrals
Housing issues / homelessness
presentations
Incidents (police)
A & E - Home Assaults
National Survey prevalence
Financial Impact in Knowsley
• 76%
Human and Emotional Costs
Housing, Civil and Legal
Employment Costs
Physical and Mental
Healthcare costs
Criminal
Justice Costs
Social Care
Costs
• 15%
• 5%
• 3%
• 0.6%
£56m human and emotional
£11m housing, civil, legal
employment and other costs.
£3.8m physical and mental health
care costs.
£2.4m criminal justice costs.
£452,000 social care costs.
Calculated using estimates from (Järvinen et al, 2008) for domestic
violence. Total annual cost to Knowsley economy estimated as £73
million.
Health and Wellbeing Needs – Victims and their
children
Victims
Short term
• Physical health (minor – severe)
• Sexual health
• Eating disorders / self harm
• Fear and safety concerns (safety primary
concern)
Short and long term
• Mental health and wellbeing
(depression, suicide, self harm, confidence, self
esteem)
•
•
•
•
Substance misuse (particularly alcohol)
Housing
Employment & Poverty
Difficulties with relationships
(intimacy, trust)
•
Isolation
Children and Young people
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Mental health and wellbeing
Behavioural and emotional
problems
Links with substance misuse
Child Maltreatment and Child
abuse – identifying and dealing
with it
Education / housing
Unsettled childhoods
Long term impacts affecting life
chances
Links with crime, gangs and
violence.
Political Scrutiny
• Scrutiny review by elected members on the
draft needs assessment to;
– Inform, sense check and develop
recommendations
• Three evidence sessions, involving expert
witnesses, plus visits to MARAC and NICE
stakeholder session
Identified needs / issues
Data /
intelligence
issues
Strategic
approach –
systems
Primary
prevention
Support for
victims
Support for
affected
children
Dealing with
perpetrator
needs
Scrutiny recommendations
• That the strategic approach to domestic abuse be reviewed
• That data and intelligence issues in relation to domestic abuse
be resolved
• Seek all opportunities to break the cycle of domestic abuse
through a greater focus on prevention
• That support for victim survivors is reviewed
• That support for affected children is reviewed
• That the way perpetrators are dealt with is reviewed
Key messages
• Domestic Abuse is a significant public health issue in Knowsley
• Applying a public health approach to the needs assessment important
• Involving members through scrutiny of draft needs assessment was
integral to raising profile, gaining ownership and development of
recommendations.
• It raised issues for local authority and health commissioners, wider public
sector and providers about referral processes and support services
• Addressing mental health problems, alcohol issues and healthy
relationships potentially could significantly impact on domestic abuse
levels.
• Current focus on dealing with consequences rather than prevention
Communication Strategy
Methods
Posters
Postcards
Beermats
Bus / Taxis
Media Releases
Facebook
Twitter
Community Messaging
One Stop Shops
GP Practices
Questions?
[email protected]
Recommendation 1
That the strategic approach to domestic abuse be reviewed by:
•
Considering the strategic governance arrangements for domestic abuse;
•
The council and its partners considering joint commissioning arrangements for
domestic abuse specific services to enable a more flexible use of resources;
•
Services focussing on addressing the behaviour of perpetrators as well as
resolving the needs of the victim survivor; and,
•
Standards/expectations being developed in the response times to resolve
domestic abuse incidents completely.
Recommendation 2
That data and intelligence issues in relation to domestic
abuse be resolved through:
• Undertaking further work to improve the recording of
domestic abuse across partner agencies and exploring
other sources of insight (particularly for teenage intimate
partner violence and child on parent abuse); and,
• Exploring opportunities for the streamlining of referral
forms from various agencies to ensure a consistent
approach and improving referral processes particularly
from the Vulnerable Persons Unit (VPU).
Recommendation 3
Seek all opportunities to break the cycle of domestic abuse through a greater focus
on prevention by:
•
Developing a systematic approach to the primary prevention of domestic abuse;
•
Considering the inclusion of evidence based programmes on violence and
domestic abuse within the school curriculum and ensuring that their effectiveness
is assessed;
•
Investigating further the content of parenting programmes and exploring the
introduction of a specific module on domestic abuse; and,
•
Developing work with Her Majesty’s Prison Service that explores the use of more
domestic abuse programmes/modules on programmes for prisoners where
domestic abuse isn’t necessarily their trigger offence.
Recommendation 4
That support for victim survivors is reviewed by:
• Considering the threshold level and pathways for
low-medium risk victim survivors; and,
• Delivering training on domestic abuse awareness
and how to support those affected to all front
line responders including the police.
Recommendation 5
That support for affected children is reviewed by:
•
Evaluating the effectiveness of programmes to identify and support the needs of
children affected by domestic abuse and show they make a difference;
•
Reviewing the support for children affected by domestic abuse that fall below the
threshold for wellbeing support and identify whether their needs are being adequately
addressed;
•
Collecting insight from children and young people on the impact of domestic abuse and
using this information to inform commissioning decisions; and
•
Testing the feasibility of rolling out Operation Encompass across Merseyside, through
police colleagues given that some of Knowsley’s school age children may attend schools
across local authority boundaries.
Recommendation 6
That the way perpetrators are dealt with is reviewed by:
•
Assessing the long term effectiveness of existing perpetrator programmes;
•
Exploring the reasons why there are disproportionately higher levels of cracked
and ineffective domestic abuse trials in Knowsley;
•
Exploring the greater use of sanctions for perpetrators who do not attend or
complete community perpetrator programmes;
•
Considering the use of civil action against perpetrators of domestic abuse where
criminal convictions are not possible; and,
•
Considering the broader use of Integrated Offender Management (IOM) for
domestic abuse offenders to allow for a more intensive intervention to reduce the
risk of reoffending and the risk of harm.
Asset based alcohol and drug
recovery
Strategy
“For too many people currently on a
substitute prescription, what should be the
first step on the journey to recovery risks
ending there. This must change.”
“The voluntary and community groups,
charities and social enterprises sector will be
encouraged and supported to get involved.”
“We will encourage local areas to promote a
whole family approach to the delivery of
recovery services.”
71
Asset based alcohol and drug recovery
Solutions
Expert group chaired by Professor John Strang
‘For many people, treatment is an important
part of their recovery journey. It is a component of
a broader recovery-orientated system of health and
social care and support that harnesses the full range
of individual, social and community assets.’
72
Asset based alcohol and drug recovery
Strategy change
Asset Focused
Deficit Focused
Crime
Overdose
BBV
Illicit heroin use
Positive Social networks
Mutual Aid
Well-being
Employment
Housing
Community Engagement
‘Voluntarily sustained control over substance use which maximises health
and wellbeing and participation in the rights, roles and responsibilities of
society.’ UKDPC
73
Asset based alcohol and drug recovery
Individual assets - Recovery capital
Be
active
‘The breadth
and depth of
internal and
external
resources
that can be
drawn upon
to initiate and
sustain
recovery’
Connect
Give
Take
Notice
Granfield and Cloud
Keep
learning
74
Asset based alcohol and drug recovery
Measuring Assets
National Drug Treatment Monitoring System
now measures recovery activity including
access to support with housing, ETE, family
support, parenting, mutual aid
75
Asset based alcohol and drug recovery
Communities taking the lead
76
Asset based alcohol and drug recovery
Facilitating Access to Mutual Aid
77
Asset based alcohol and drug recovery
Public Services (Social Value) Act
The authority must consider—
(a)how what is proposed to be procured might improve the economic,
social and environmental well-being of the relevant area, and
(b)how, in conducting the process of procurement, it might act with a
view to securing that improvement.
Potential lever to ensure that local recovery communities are at the heart of the
commissioning of any future treatment/recovery systems and to ensure that the
development of local recovery focused assets is a contracted outcome.
Social Value vs Best Value or Social Value as Best Value
78
Asset based alcohol and drug recovery
Paul Duffy – Health Improvement Manager
(Alcohol and Drugs)
[email protected]
07771934310
79
Asset based alcohol and drug recovery

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