Gender Analysis Matrix

Report
 TAKING THE RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF INDIVIDUALS
IN THE FORMAL POLITICAL ARENA AND APPLIES THEM
ACROSS ALL SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS AND INSTITUTIONS
 A POLITICAL CHANGE IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF POWER
(POWER RELATIONS ) BOTH IN THE REALM OF THE PERSONAL
(DOMESTIC RELATIONSHIPS) AS WELL AS IN THE PUBLIC
(INSTITUTIONAL PRACTICES & INTERPRETATION OF RELIGION)
 RECOGNIZING AND ARTICULATING SUBORDINATION BASED
ON GENDER
 BREAKING
THE
CHAIN
OF
PERPETUATION OF PATRIARCHY
REPRODUCTION
AND
– ATTITUDES & BEHAVIOR
– STRUCTURES & MECHANISM
 LINKING
DOMESTIC
ISSUES
(FAMILY,
MOTHERHOOD,
MARRIAGE, CHILD CARE) TO THE MACRO LEVEL (SOCIAL,
POLITICAL, ECONOMIC )
 MAINSTREAMING GENDER ISSUES IN ALL ASPECTS
 REDEFINING/ RENAMING TERMINOLOGY AND INSTITUTIONS,
E.G. HEAD OF HOUSEHOLD/DECISION MAKERS
 AN ONGOING PROCESS
 CHALLENGING FUNDAMENTALISM
GENDER
ANALYSIS
 BEING MORE ACCURATE IN DISAGGREGATING THE
FORCES THAT CREATE AND SUSTAIN ONE CONDITION.
QUESTIONS TO BE ASKED
― WHO DOES WHAT
― WHO HAS WHAT
― WHO DECIDES
― HOW
― WHO GAINS
― WHO LOSES
 EXPLORING AND HIGHLIGHTING THE RELATIONSHIPS
OF WOMEN & MEN IN SOCIETY AND THE INEQUALITIES
IN THOSE RELATIONSHIPS
 SEEKING WAYS TO BRING ABOUT A MORE BALANCED
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MEN & WOMEN
 BREAKS DOWN THE PUBLIC / PRIVATE DIVIDE AND
BRINGS THE PRIVATE INTO PUBLIC SPHERE
 LOOKS AT HOW THE DYNAMIC WITHIN THE HOUSEHOLD
IS INTER RELATED TO THE DYNAMIC AT
INTERNATIONAL, STATE, MARKET, AND COMMUNITY
LEVEL
 ENSURES THAT CONCERNS PARTICULAR TO WOMEN
ARE INCLUDED IN THE MAIN AGENDA
GENDER ANALYSIS MATRIX
( GAM )
By : Rani Parker (1993)
AIMS:
• Helps determine the differing impacts of
development interventions on women & men.
• Provides a community based technique for
identification and analysis
• Initiates a process of analysis that identifies
and challenges gender roles within the
community in a constructive manner.
WHAT:
A tool for gender analysis of development
( program/ project ) at community level.
WHY:
To determine differing impacts of
interventions on women & men.
WHO:
WHEN:
Done by a group within the community;
includes women & men in equal number
• At the planning stage →determine potential
gender effects
• At the design stage → gender
considerations may change the design
• During monitoring stage →address broader
program impacts
LEVEL OF ANALYSIS
 Women
→ All ages In The Community
 Men
→ All ages In The Community
 Household
→ All men, women, children residing together
extended, nuclear family.
 Community
→ Everyone in the project area as a whole.
CATEGORY OF ANALYSIS
 Labor
→ Changes in task, capacity.
 Time
→ Changes in the amount of time
( 3 hours, 4 days, etc ).
 Resource → Changes in access to capital (income, land, etc)
Changes in control over resource
 Cultural → Changes in social aspect ( gender roles, status, etc
PRINCIPLE
 Can be transformative if done by people
 No need for experts except as facilitators
 People are the subject of analysis
FORMAT
LABOR
WOMEN
MEN
HOUSEHOLD
COMMUNITY
TIME
RE
SOURCES
CULTURE

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