12. Cost Effective Interventions for Enhancing Water Productivity in

Report
Cost Effective Interventions for Enhancing Water
Productivity in Stressed Areas Outside Indus
Basin of Pakistan
(A Mini Pilot Project In Sindh Province)
Objectives
 Management of water resources at farm level through
use of promising technologies to enhance, conveyance
and application efficiencies.
 Introduction of profitable and sustainable cropping
pattern having highest water productivity and
profitability
 Create awareness and capacity building of groundwater
users for its safe and efficient utilization
 Provision of services related to laser land leveling and
bed-furrow farming to enhance water productivity
through rural entrepreneurs/agricultural service
providers(ASPs)
Salient Features of Project Area
 Village:
 Location:
Baz Kandu, Pataro, Jamshoro.
Latitude:
25⁰ -35’ -46”
N
Longitude: 68⁰ -18’- 27”
E
 No. of Farmers: 30
 Soil Type:
Silty loam
 Topography:
Undulated
 Annual Rainfall: 50-70 mm
 Climate:
Hot and Dry (Highly Stressed)
Contd….
Contd…
Salient Features of Project Area
 Temperature:
 Source of Irrigation:
22 ⁰C - 50 ⁰C
Rain fed (52%)
Groundwater(48%)
 Groundwater Quality: Marginal (Saline-Sodic)
 Number of Tube wells: 11
 No. of Water users:
30
 Diesel driven:
100%
 Diesel Engine HP:
16-30 HP
 Depth of Bore:
120-150 ft
Deliverables and Implementation Status
Deliverable
Status
Inception Report
Completed
Social, Environmental and Agriculture Baseline
Completed
Formation of Tube well Farmers Organization (TFO)
Completed
Selection of ASP by TFO
Completed
Skill attainment training to ASP for Laser Leveller and Bed
Planter
Partially
Completed
Provision of Laser Land Leveller & Bed Furrow Planter to ASP
In Progress
Provision of Laser Levelling/Bed Planting rental services in
the project area on agreed rates
Introduction of best practices and profitable cropping
patterns for productivity enhancement
Contd….
Contd…
Deliverable
Establishment of farmer support units through village seed banks,
supply of non-water inputs at right time and prices.
Linkage with local markets and potential storage of surplus to
market at right time
Farmers Field Days
Draft Final Report
Modification and Submission of Final Report
Status
Major Findings of Baseline Survey
Cropping Intensity:
Cropping Pattern:
Kharif:
71%
47%
Guar,Sorghum,Sweet Gourd,Fodder
Rabi:
Crop Yield
Wheat :
Guar:
Sorghum:
Sweet Gourd:
Onion:
Tomato:
53%
Wheat, Onion,Tomato
Tons/Ha
2.7
0.71
0.84
2.8
12
8.6
Conclusions
Lack of awareness about promising technologies
Over Irrigation application ( 7-8 irrigations to wheat crop)
Lack of awareness about spate irrigation and rod kohi water
harvesting
Potential for livestock by increasing grazing land.
Over application of non-water inputs (Seed and Fertilizers)
Scope for profitable and sustainable cropping pattern
ensuring efficient utilization of land and water resources
Potential for Bridging the wide yield gap of major crops
Land and water productivity enhancement by Provision of
timely services and supplies through farmer support units
and involvement of ASPs.
Thank You
Thank you!
South Asian Conservation Agriculture Network (SACAN)
http://www.sacanasia.org

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