River Bluffs Strategies

Report
Integration of BioRefineries with
Anaerobic Digestion
Facilities
Bret Healy, River Bluffs Strategies
[email protected]
605-216-1825
US RFS Carve Outs
 Only
15 bgy can come from cornstarch
 16
bgy must come from fuels derived from
cellulose, hemicellulose or lignin
1
4
bgy must come from biomass biodiesel
bgy of other advanced biofuel may
come from any fuel that qualifies as
advanced biofuel – must reduce GHG
50%
United States Renewable Fuel Standard 2012
Total
15.2 billion gallons/year
Corn: 13.2 billion gallons/year
Biodiesel: 1 billion gallons/year
Cellulosic: 0.5 billion gallons/year
Other Advanced: 0.5 billion gallons/year
United States Renewable Fuel Standard 2015
Total
20.5 billion gallons/year
Corn: 15 billion gallons/year
Biodiesel: 1 billion gallons/year
Cellulosic: 3 billion gallons/year
Other Advanced: 1.5 billion gallons/year
United States Renewable Fuel Standard 2019
Total
28 billion gallons/year
Corn: 15 billion gallons/year
Biodiesel: 1 billion gallons/year
Cellulosic: 8.5 billion gallons/year
Other Advanced: 3.5 billion gallons/year
United States Renewable Fuel Standard 2022
Total
36 billion gallons/year
Corn: 15 billion gallons/year
Biodiesel: 1 billion gallons/year
Cellulosic: 16 billion gallons/year
Other Advanced: 4 billion gallons/year
Sorghum Niche in RFS
• Starch from Grain Sorghum may qualify as an
advanced biofuel (if 50% reduction in greenhouse
gas emissions)
• Replacing natural gas in renewable fuel
manufacturing will be necessary to achieve the
50% reduction needed
• Animal waste may represent a novel approach to
replacing natural gas in ethanol manufacturing
• Other bio-wastes may also fit this role
Needed Components

Ruminant livestock feeding




Alternative Starch Crop production, current and
potential




Source of manure for anaerobic digestion (AD)
Robust demand for wet distiller’s grains
Viable AD technology
Grain sorghum
Barley
Feed wheat, oats, millet
Pathway to Advanced Biofuel status – current NODA
published in Federal Register
Geographic outline
 Montana
(eastern)
 N Dakota (southwestern), S Dakota
(central), Nebraska (western)
 Kansas (central and western)
 Colorado (eastern)
 Panhandle of Texas, Oklahoma
 New Mexico (northeastern)
Existing ETOH Bio-refineries
 State
 Montana
 North
Dakota
 South Dakota
 Nebraska
 Kansas
 Colorado
 Texas
#
0
6
15
26
13
4
4
MGY-nameplate
0
358
1,016
1,544
492
125
250

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