American Art - Arrowhead High School

Report
• http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/hurs/h
d_hurs.htm
American Art And
Architecture
http://www.visual-artscork.com/history-of-art/americanart.htm
http://wannabwestern.hubpages.co
m/hub/10-Western-Artists
http://www.askart.com/AskART/in
dex.aspx
I. Neo-Classical Architecture
1800-1850
Design based on the styles of Ancient Greek
and Roman temples
Buildings incorporated columns and ornate
friezes
U. S. Customs House, 1836
U.S. Treasury Building, 1836
Jefferson Rotunda (Univ. of VA), 1826
The Capitol Rotunda
II. The Hudson River School
1820-1860
Was Part of “Romantic” movement in art—
presented subjects in a very idealized way
Painted grand, scenic vistas
Humans were an insignificant (even non-existent)
part of the picture
In Nature’s Wonderland
Thomas Doughty, 1835
Niagara – Frederic Church, 1857
View of the Catskills, Early Autumn
Thomas Cole, 1837
View from Mt. Holyoke: The Oxbow
Thomas Cole, 1836
Kindred Spirits – Asher Durand, 1849
III. Realism in American Art
1850-1900
Was a reaction against the idealized images of
“romanticism”
Attempted to present life as it really was, including
its boring or ugly qualities
Humans were often a very significant part of the
picture, and were often doing something quite
ordinary.
Raftsmen Playing at Cards by George Caleb Bingham
Checker Players by George Caleb Bingham
Politics in an Oyster House by Richard Woodville
The AshCan School of Realism
1900-1930
Most important movement in realist art
Centered in New York City, and attempted to
portray life of everyday New Yorkers
Stag Night at Sharkeys, George Bellows
McSorley’s Bar, John Sloan
Snow in New York, Robert Henri
IV. Western Art
Was defined by subject matter rather than artistic
style
Emphasized subjects that were uniquely American,
particularly Native Americans and cowboys
Also stressed beauty of western landscapes
Young Omahaw, War Eagle, Little Missouri, and
Pawnees - Charles Bird King, 1821
Last of the Race – Tompkins Matteson, 1847
Indian Scouts by Leonard Ready
The Fall of the Cowboy
The Bucker by Charles Russell
Wagon Boss
Yosemite Valley- Glacier Point by Albert Bierstdadt
Yellowstone National Park by Thomas Moran
V. Pop Art
1950-1970
Was a reaction against the traditions of fine art by
including images from popular culture (hence the
name ‘pop’ art)
The subject matter often came from the news or
current mass media
Often utilized techniques used in advertising or
comic books
Cambell’s Tomato Soup, Andy Warhol
Marilyn Monroe, Andy Warhol
In The Car, Roy Lichtenstein
Other Famous American Artists
John Trumbull—painted key Revolutionary
War moments
Signing of Declaration of Independence, 1817
Winslow Homer—pioneered realism
Snap the Whip, 1972
Edwin Hopper—emphasized shallowness of
mid-20th century life
Nighthawks, 1942
Georgia O’Keefe—revolutionized flower
painting
White Flower on Red Earth, 1943
Jackson Pollock—pioneered drip
Convergence, 1952
painting

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