Final Drawing Objective for Unit Two It is very important to remember to select the right tools and learn how to use those tools. This can make or break your final product for this unit. The color wheel assignment should have shown you that low grade colored pencil will not produce a better product. Your final unit drawing objective will be to select a colored animal photography from a magazine like "National Geographic" or an animal calendar (no cartoon drawings or animations of animals), lightly sketch a contour line drawing on a 9x12 piece of heavy art paper, using proper colored pencil techniques (learned in this unit) while adding correct invented textures for a realistic drawing while employing a focal point. Part II and III. Monochromatic colors and the expressive qualities of color. This monochromatic worksheet will also have an area to Monochromatic means one color and its tints and shades. create some expressions of art . Color has expressive qualities just like the art element of line. You will be completing a monochromatic worksheet to learn how to create the ranges of values of a color using black and white to a color. LEARNING THIS TECNHIQUE will enhance the realistic effect of your final product. Red can be a warm or hot color Blue can be a calming feeling. Black can make us feel empty. These colors and many more can give the viewers can express emotions. Each color can have a dark color and a light color and it is important to learn how to make them using the colored pencils. Part II and III Medium Techniques Continue – Texture and Value . These terms will be discussed again. Texture if the element of art that refers to how things feel or look as if they might feel if touched. Value is the element of art that refers to the lights and darks of something. Artist rely on the memories of you, the viewer to obtain visual textures. A technique used to create visual textures are called invented texture ( two dimensional patterns by the repetition of lines and shapes) Invented texture and values can create the look of realism in a work of art. How do you think the artist created the different surface textures in this colored pencil project? Papers used with colored pencils Paper can come in a variety of textures. The making of paper falls into three categories. Machine made Made by a machine called the Fordriner papermaking machine dries much faster, utilizing a different quality of pulp. Handmade Are made in much the same manner today as they were centuries ago , by scooping pulp from a vat onto a mould by hand. Mould make Emulate handmade paper but the cylinder mould machines works on a larger and faster scale than hand making process. Other things to know about paper. Properties of paper Permanence a buffering agent can be added to protect the paper. Surface of Texture Varies according to fibers Weight- measure in pounds Color- during this century a bleach has been added to make it white unless is made from a natural shade of fiber Types of paper The majority of machine paper are made from a mixture of fibers of hardwood and softwood, while paper made from fibers of cotton, linen, just, ramie and esparto are more expensive. See how the variety of pressures or tips your pencil has might make your area have smooth looking texture or a rougher texture Apply a light to medium pressure on drawing paper can result in white flecks. With a sharp colored pencil and artist could use this technique to invented textures that might have a have rougher looking texture. To reduce the white flecks of paper, keep the colored pencil sharp. This technique can and should be used for smoother shiny texture looking surface. Smoother paper doesn't have so many valleys( like rag board). A blunt pencil edge with heavy pressure can created a smoother texture. (It in recommended that when starting to work with colored pencils that you begin with this step). Tips to remember - There are two kinds of colored pencils: water soluble and non-water soluble both can work for this project. - An artist should always select a colored pencil for its light fastness. -If you keep your colored pencil tip sharp it can minimize a paper's grain. - A blunt and rounded point of the pencil will maximize paper's grain and yield a less intensive color. - Both of these techniques could be used in your drawing. - Keep a good hand held pencil sharpener within reach and a good art eraser available. Learn how to palm a group of colored pencils for speed. Learning how to use colored pencils by taking a group of three different colors in your hand and palm them. This can increase speed and effectiveness of the tools. Practice rolling the two pencils not used into the palm of the a hand. When you need one of them palm the pencils by roll it down to your fingers and roll the other one up. Apple Assignment : Complete the following as is will be a graded assignment Step 1. On a half sheets of good drawing paper begin by drawing this apple. Lightly drawing a contour line shape of the apple with a medium graphite pencil ( a #2 H pencil will work) Step 2. After you have sketched a contour line drawing of the apple, add a light pressure of grey colored pencil or graphite pencil for shading on one side of the apple as this will be the shadow side of the apple form. Step 3. Using a light to medium pressure adding various red to red-orange and yellow tones of colored pencils over the entire surface. The yellow pencil is where the lighter side of the apple appears and in real life a red apple might have this yellow sun spot as this was where the sun hit the apple while still on the tree. Some white flecks of the paper should still be visible. What tonal effect will look best for this apple? A. A finished colored pencil drawing usually contains a variety of tonal effects. B. Tonal Layering means to apply the pencil stokes so close together that they merge into a solid area. Layering the stacking up of the semitransparent colors over one another of color. C. Repeating the layers over each other, can produce different texture effect. Step 4. Add a white colored pencil over the whole apple with heavy pressure for a tonal layering effect. Step 5. The last layer will be to re-saturate the apple with the first colors of various colored pencils over the glazed and whitened surface. This will restore much of the lost color. Try some other colored pencil technique to finish the background. ( Important information) Paper can be overworked and the grain of the paper can lift off. If this happens color can not be restored to the drawing surface. Also important information: Do not outline your apple with any darker line. A heavy dark line will animate any drawing.) Don't forget to consider the directions that you lay down the strokes of your colored pencil. A curve, round object such as the apple below should have curving lines. This will help it create a rounding appearance. Try other effects to the background. Using a medium pressure of two different colored pencil Interjecting colors can help create an optical effect blue and violet=blue violet red and blue=violet green and orange=black On a the background of the apples. of drawing paper try interjecting two complementary colors ( These are colors that are directly across from each other on the color wheel, like orange and blue) with a light to medium pressure. See what optical effects you will achieve. Another technique is to try laying two colors next to each other. Alayeral means to apply colors right next to other. This creates an optical mixing. Look at the blue line next to the red color at the bottom of the apple. At first glance it looks purple. There are two ways to remove color no longer wanted if you have not applied the color with a heavy pressure to begin will. it is possible to use a good art eraser. or use a small piece of scotch tape positioned over the color area needed to be lifted and rub a burnishing tool or a pop cycle stick over the area. Make sure that the masking tape does not come in contact with any of the water paper. Then carefully lifted tape as not to tear the paper. Your final drawing objective will be (after completing the remaining steps for this unit) to select a colored photograph of real animal and lightly sketch with graphite pencil as a contour lines drawing. Then using proper colored techniques learned from units instructions apply the correct invented textures using a high grade colored pencil to complete with rubric as a guide. Turn your finished apple in for grading.