Impact of War on Art and Science

Impact of War on
Art and Science
SSWH17 The student will be able to identify
the major political and economic factors that
shaped world societies between World War I
and World War II.
a. Examine the impact of the war on science,
art, and social thinking by identifying the
cultural significance of Sigmund Freud,
Albert Einstein, and Picasso.
A New • Before 1914, many still believed in
Revolution and Enlightenment
• Newton’s machine concept of the
universe was still accepted
• Marie Curie discovered that radium
gave off energy or radiation. As a
result, they realized atoms were not
simply hard materials.
• This discovery along with others
would change the traditional views
of the world
• A German born scientist working in
Switzerland who provided a new view
of the world at the beginning of the
20th century
• 1905 published his theory of relativity
stating that space & time are not
• Promoted the idea that matter is
another form of energy
• Led to the Atomic Age
• To some, this meant a world without
Sigmund Freud & Psychoanalysis
• Sigmund Freud was a doctor from Vienna
• Proposed a series of theories that raised questions
about the nature of the human mind
• 1900 published Interpretations of Dreams
• According to Freud, human behavior was strongly
determined by past experiences & internal forces
of which people were largely unaware
• Psychoanalysis- method by which a therapist and
patient could probe deeply into the patient’s
• If the patient’s mind could be made aware of the
unconscious and repressed contents, the patient
could be healed
• Developed into a major profession
Culture of Modernity
• Changes between 1870 and 1914 in art &
literature; rebelling against traditional
literary and artistic styles that had
dominated since the Renaissance
• This period was one of the most
productive in art history.
• By late 19th century, artists were seeking
new forms of expression to reflect
changing values
New Styles Developed
• Impressionism- began in France in
1870’s; Artists include Claude Monet,
Auguste Renoir, and Berthe Morisot
• Postimpressionism- began in the 1880’s.
Vincent Van Gogh, a postimpressionist,
believed artists should paint what they
• Beginning of 20th century, artists are
seeking meaning in individual
• 1910, abstract expressionism began. One
of these artists was Wasilly Kandinsky
Pablo Picasso
• By 1905, Picasso was starting his career
• Created a new style, cubism, that used
geometric designs to recreate reality
• Attempted to view human forms from
many sides
• New style developed called
• Believed that buildings should be
useful, all unnecessary ornamentation
stripped away
• Led by Louis H. Sullivan of the Chicago
• His most successful student would be
one of the most well known architects of
the century- Frank Lloyd Wright

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