Optical Art

The Futurist School of art.
Who were the Futurists?
• Futurism was a movement that started in Italy in the early part of the 20th
• The Futurists admired speed, technology, youth and violence, the car, the
airplane and the industrial city, all that represented the technological
triumph of humanity over nature.
• They wanted their artwork to look as modern and “high tech” as possible.
High tech from a 1900’s point of view.
Filippo Marinetti was the founder of
He launched the movement in his
Futurist Manifesto, in 1909.
In it Marinetti expressed a
passionate loathing of everything
old, especially political and artistic
"We want no part of it, the
past, we the young and
strong Futurists!"
It will become important later…
There are several types of
movement and artist can use.
• The first is the illusion
of Actual Movement.
• This is where the
subject matter looks
like it is moving.
• Techniques like
motion blur and speed
lines are used.
Giacomo Balla
Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash
Using the power and technology of the camera
(a technological device) to capture movement
speed and energy.
Technique was
adopted and adapted
by painters (and
sculptors) to create the
same illusion of
movement and/or
action on the canvas.
Actual Movement
• Perhaps the best known
piece of Futurist art to
capture the illusion of
actual movement is by
Marcel Duchapm.
• Nude Descending Staircase.
Does this look familiar?
Does this look familiar?
Does this look familiar?
Francis Bacon…
One of the earliest figurative
abstract painters in the
abstract movement.
Implied Movement
• Implied movement is
creating the illusion of
movement where none
actually exists.
• This includes the idea
of repetition or
multiple frames.
Implied Action
• Action is different
than movement, and
meant to express the
concept of energy,
action and
generated by a
crowd or industrial
• Early photo of the Beatles
(often considered a Futurist
photo in style).
Eye movement/Direction
• This is where the artist
sets up a composition
that directs the viewers
eye through the
artwork along a
desired path.
• This is similar to
subliminal advertising
and is also called
• Since energy and
industrialization were
concepts used by the
Futurists, light was
also a subject of their
As was sound…
Constructivism was an artistic and architectural movement that
originated in Russia in 1919.
It rejected the idea of "art for art's sake" in favor of art as a
practice directed towards social purposes (that means propaganda).
High speed photography is the
“PhotoDynamism” of the 21st century.
High speed photography, incorporated with
new computer technologies has created a
resurgence in the “chrono-photography”
Chrono-photography is an antique
photographic technique from the
Victorian era.
It is a method of working which captures
movement in several frames of print.
The work of Eadweard Muybridge is an
excellent example of
We will be using Photoshop and its Automation tools, in
conjunction with layers, blending functions and tools and
erasers to create a chrono-photograph of your own.
Your chrono-photograph should include the expression of energy and capture movement from one of the
concepts mentioned in this power point, and be created from at least three (3) different images.

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