FUTURISM The Futurist School of art. Who were the Futurists? • Futurism was a movement that started in Italy in the early part of the 20th century. • The Futurists admired speed, technology, youth and violence, the car, the airplane and the industrial city, all that represented the technological triumph of humanity over nature. • They wanted their artwork to look as modern and “high tech” as possible. – High tech from a 1900’s point of view. Filippo Marinetti was the founder of Futurism. He launched the movement in his Futurist Manifesto, in 1909. In it Marinetti expressed a passionate loathing of everything old, especially political and artistic tradition. "We want no part of it, the past, we the young and strong Futurists!" REMEMBER THIS PHOTOGRAPH! It will become important later… There are several types of movement and artist can use. • The first is the illusion of Actual Movement. • This is where the subject matter looks like it is moving. • Techniques like motion blur and speed lines are used. Giacomo Balla Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash Futurist Photodynamism Using the power and technology of the camera (a technological device) to capture movement speed and energy. Technique was adopted and adapted by painters (and sculptors) to create the same illusion of movement and/or action on the canvas. Actual Movement • Perhaps the best known piece of Futurist art to capture the illusion of actual movement is by Marcel Duchapm. • Nude Descending Staircase. Does this look familiar? Does this look familiar? Does this look familiar? Francis Bacon… One of the earliest figurative abstract painters in the abstract movement. Implied Movement • Implied movement is creating the illusion of movement where none actually exists. • This includes the idea of repetition or multiple frames. Implied Action • Action is different than movement, and meant to express the concept of energy, action and excitement generated by a crowd or industrial machinery. • Early photo of the Beatles (often considered a Futurist photo in style). Eye movement/Direction • This is where the artist sets up a composition that directs the viewers eye through the artwork along a desired path. • This is similar to subliminal advertising and is also called Direction. Light • Since energy and industrialization were concepts used by the Futurists, light was also a subject of their studies. As was sound… Constructivism Constructivism was an artistic and architectural movement that originated in Russia in 1919. It rejected the idea of "art for art's sake" in favor of art as a practice directed towards social purposes (that means propaganda). High speed photography is the “PhotoDynamism” of the 21st century. Photoshop High speed photography, incorporated with new computer technologies has created a resurgence in the “chrono-photography” movement. Chrono-photography is an antique photographic technique from the Victorian era. It is a method of working which captures movement in several frames of print. The work of Eadweard Muybridge is an excellent example of chrono-photography. We will be using Photoshop and its Automation tools, in conjunction with layers, blending functions and tools and erasers to create a chrono-photograph of your own. Your chrono-photograph should include the expression of energy and capture movement from one of the concepts mentioned in this power point, and be created from at least three (3) different images.