CPS Practices and Policies: NCANDS Data Now and in the Future

CPS Practices and Policies:
NCANDS Data Now and
in the Future
Children’s Justice Act Grantee
State Liaison Officer Meeting
June 21, 2011
Today’s Presentation
• CAPTA update
• Highlights from recent analyses of National
Child Abuse and Neglect Data System
(NCANDS) data
• Contemporary issues of reporting and
conducting CPS responses:
– Implementation and reporting of alternative response
– Expansion of data collection on fatalities and near
FFY 2009 Data
• 52 States reported data
(including DC and PR):
– 50 States submitted Child Files
and Agency Files
– 2 States submitted aggregateonly data
• Report link
Screening and Response
CPS agencies have a two-stage process for child
maltreatment allegations:
Stage 1: Screening
• Nationally estimated 3.3 million referrals were received
by CPS agencies
– Including an estimated 6.0 million children.
Stage 2: CPS response in the form of an investigation
response or alternative response
• 52 States reported 2.0 million referrals received a CPS
response including
– 3.6 million duplicate children.
– 3.0 million unique children.
Report Sources 2005-2009
• For FFY 2009:
– Professionals submitted more than one-half of reports.
– Nonprofessionals submitted nearly 30%.
– “Other” and unknown submitted nearly 14%.
CPS Response
• Investigation response
• Alternative or differential response
In NCANDS, the term disposition is used for both
investigation and alternative responses, for the
determination or finding related to the CPS
Report Dispositions 2009
• One-quarter of all
reports included
one or more
victims of
• N=52 States
Alternative Response:
Current Definition
• The provision of a response other than an
investigation that did (AR victim) or did not
(AR nonvictim) determine that any child in the
report was a victim of maltreatment. The term
differential response is sometimes used.
Alternative Response:
Current Status
• NCANDS recognizes alternative response as a
type of CPS response after a referral has been
screened in.
• About 10 percent of CPS responses (9.2% of
reports 8.6% of children) include screened-in
alternative response.
• We have two categories for AR: AR nonvictim and
AR victim
– 11 States report using only AR nonvictims
– 2 States report AR victim and AR nonvictims
– 1 State reports AR victims only
Alternative Response: Discussion
• Does this group suggest using a term different
from alternative response?
• In the future, does this group suggest
analyzing AR separately from IR (investigation
response), and if so, to what extent?
• Should we continue to have the two categories
of AR victims and AR nonvictims?
Child Victims
• NCANDS victim: a child for whom the State
determined at least one maltreatment was
substantiated or indicated and a disposition of
substantiated, indicated, or alternative response
victim was assigned.
• Duplicate count:
– 52 States reported
– Rate 10.1 per 1,000 children
– National estimate 763,000 duplicate victims
• Unique count:
– 50 States reported
– Rate 9.3 per 1,000 children
– National estimate 702,000 unique count of victims
Unique and Duplicate Counts
• Duplicate: Counting a child each time that he or
she was a subject of a report that received a CPS
response. This count is also known as a reportchild pair.
• Unique: Identifying and counting a child once,
regardless of the number of reports that received
a CPS response.
• Increasingly we use unique counts to
describe children, but in some instances
need to continue to use duplicate counts,
which are tied to each report.
Disposition and Victimization Rates
• Number and rate of victims have been decreasing
regardless of unique or duplicate counts.
Victim Demographics
• One-third (33.4%)of all child victims were younger
than 4 years.
– 12.6% younger than 1 year
– Unique count N=50 States
• Eighty-seven percent of victims were comprised of
three races or ethnicities.
44.0% White
22.3% African-American
20.7% Hispanic
Unique count N=49 States.
• Three-quarters (78.3%) of victims suffered neglect.
– A child may have suffered more than one type of
– Unique count. N=50 States
All Victims by Risk Factors 2009 (unique count)
Domestic Violence
Caregiver Risk Factor
• 11% of unique victims
• 18.3% of victims had a
were reported as having
caregiver risk factor of
a disability:
domestic violence.
– 3.5% percent had some
other medical condition
not specifically identified
– 2.9% behavior problems
– 2.1% percent of victims
were emotionally
– N=42 States
– N=38 States
• 6.5% of nonvictims had
a caregiver risk factor of
domestic violence.
– N=36 States
• The number of fatalities have been increasing
during the past 5 years.
• FFY 2005
– 51 States
– Rate 1.94 per 100,000 children
– national estimate 1,450
• FFY 2009
– 49 States
– Rate 2.34 per 100,000 children
– national estimate 1,770
• Even small fluctuations in the data can affect the
national estimate and national rate.
• We may see slight decrease for FFY 2010.
Maltreatment Types
A child fatality may have suffered from more than one type
of maltreatment so two analyses were conducted.
Analyzing children by mutually
exclusive maltreatments:
Analyzing all maltreatments:
N/A multiple maltreatments
66.7 % neglected
44.8% physically abused
21.1% other
9.8% medically neglected
1.9% sexually abused
1.2% psychologically maltreated
Total =145.8%,
N=44 States, 1,343 fatalities
36.7% multiple maltreatments
35.8% neglected
23.2% physically abused
2.0% other
1.8% medically neglected
0.4% sexually abused
0.1 psychologically maltreated
Total= 100.0%
N=44 States, 1,343 fatalities
Fatalities: Discussion
• We are considering asking States if they can
provide data on:
– Date of death
– Which agency has determined that the death is due to
child abuse or neglect
– Which cases are near fatalities?
• We are also increasing the number of analyses
related to fatalities.
• Advice, concerns, related to fatalities and near
FFY 2012
• Child Maltreatment 2010 will be released December 2011
– Currently in the design and production phase
– Plan is to expand analyses from 51 to 56 tables
– Unique counts will continue to have a large role in the
– Alternative responses will have greater visibility in the
• New application to OMB will be submitted April 2012.
Additional Input
• Any additional
– Questions?
– Comments?
– Discussion items?
Contact Information
• Your input is appreciated. Please send ideas or
suggestions to:
Dr. John A. Gaudiosi
[email protected]
Madonna Aveni
[email protected]

similar documents