Synoptic: Superpower Geographies East Asian Neighbours Wordle of advance info whole text Wordle of advance info edited text East Asia: The two key ideas Geopolitics…. …is about global/regional scale political systems, allegiances and negotiations, including agreements often relating to resources and conflicts. A superpower… ….shows dominance of a region (or the world) in four spheres; economic, military, political and cultural. East Asia: Geographical overview Physical factors: - Relief / Oceans - Climate (Tropical / sub-tropical) - Natural resources (water / energy / food) Human factors: - Superpower status (military, economic, political, socio-cultural) - Relationships and political allies / groupings - Development - Population structure / change - Urbanisation - Agriculture Physical factors: Relief, rivers and tectonics Much of China’s western interior is mountainous, inhospitable Tibetan plateau >tectonics/fold mountains >population density (fig.13) Japan has a mountainous interior >tectonics/ island arcs >population density (fig13) Not many of China’s rivers connect the coast to its interior >barrier to development? >expensive to create/use land links Physical factors: Natural hazards in China Natural hazards in Japan and N/S. Korea Physical factors: Climate zones and food What is the link between the climate, oceans and natural hazards in the region? Physical factors: Energy resources http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/datablog/interactive/2012/jun/14/bp-world-energy-statistics-production-consumption-reserves Physical factors: Energy resources Selected proved reserves as % of world total Physical factors: Energy resources http://www.eia.gov/countries/regions-topics.cfm?fips=ECS Physical factors: Water resources http://www.un.org/waterforlifedecade/scarcity.shtml Human factors: Population density What is China’s population distributed like this? http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/gpw-v3-population-density/maps Human factors: Vulnerable cities This map links population, development and natural hazards in the future https://support.rms.com/publications/OECD_Cities_Coastal_Flooding.pdf Human factors: Development contrasts (HDI) Human factors: Military influence Dark blue Pale blue Green = Blue water navy = Developing blue water navy = Green water navy Human factors: Relationships and energy Human factors: Energy Pathways Human factors: Energy Futures Research ‘fracking’ (water intensive and has potentially serious side-effects/impacts) Human factors: Cold War allegiances Further research and definitions of Cold War / WWII: http://www.history.com/topics/cold-war http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii Human factors: Chinese ‘empire’ Human factors: Fall of Japanese Empire Themes/ideas: Sustainability Sustainable development Environmental safeguarding/ improvement Social needs Economic needs Development: Rostow’s model Topic map of overall theme Issues Physical / human features Superpowers: East Asia Players Futures Actions Topic map of overall theme Resources Climate Oceans Physical features Features/ Characteristics Energy IGOs Urbanisation Human features Population Politics TNCs Issues Superpowers: East Asia Global Players Regional Development Futures Local Treaties Actions FDI Trade deals Use ‘new’ information from research Parallel examples How can I be “synoptic”? Links to areas of AS and A2 course Use of broad geographical themes Statistics Falklands USA / EU / Russia Use ‘new’ information from research Parallel examples Updates Mediterranean East Asia Going Global Water Conflict Links to areas of AS and A2 course Energy Security Biodiversity Development Tech Gap Fix Examples Use of broad geographical themes Globalisation Inequality Geopolitics Sustainability Developmen t Parallel examples Geopolitical tension/conflict over resources: > Falkland Islands conflict http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-18425572 http://www.cnbc.com/id/100537413 Superpowers (compare USA, EU and Russia with China): > Make a table of economic, military, political and cultural aspects using the resource booklet and extra info. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/ Regional inequalities and conflicts: > Mediterranean / Arab Spring http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/interactive/2011/mar/22/middleeast-protest-interactive-timeline Parallel examples: Falklands conflict Parallel examples: Arab Spring Further research / updates UN / World Bank classification of countries as HIC, MIC, LIC etc.. www.un.org/en/development/desa/policy/wesp/wesp_current/2012country_class.pdf www.data.worldbank.org Global military strength (compare China with USA and Russia) www.globalfirepower.com China’s developing blue water navy http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/10005395/Chinas-first-aircraftcarrier-preparing-for-first-long-distance-mission.html Six Party Talks: http://www.cfr.org/proliferation/six-party-talks-north-koreas-nuclear-program/p13593 Japan (political, energy security issues, Senkaku islands) http://www.japanfpo.org/search/label/Energy%20Security Ecological footprints http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/how_we_work/key_initiatives/transforming_china/ http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/how_we_work/key_initiatives/transforming_china/chi na_footprint/ Further research / updates Beijing Olympics’ impact on China’s relationship with the world and internal policies: http://www.nytimes.com/learning/teachers/featured_articles/20010713friday.html China’s relationship with N.Korea and USA http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/northkorea/10041679/Bank-of-Chinashuts-North-Korea-account.html N Korea and US relations/missile tests (loads of good stuff in ‘related articles’ at bottom): http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-22443305 EU-China trade tariffs http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-22445640 China’s relationship with ASEAN http://www.asean.org/news/item/asean-china-dialogue-relations Growth of Shanghai https://www.un.org/cyberschoolbus/habitat/profiles/shanghai.asp http://www.theatlanticcities.com/jobs-and-economy/2013/03/shanghais-spectaculargrowth-one-photo/4999/ Some ideas for questions 1. Explain why there has been geopolitical tension in East Asia since the end of World War Two. 2. Examine the factors that have led to uneven development in the region of East Asia. 3. Examine the factors that have led to the emerging superpower status of China. 4. Assess the position of China as an emerging superpower. 5. Explain the contribution that globalisation has made to development and quality of life in East Asia. 6. To what extent does political tension threaten the future development of East Asia? 7. Assess the severity of potential sources of conflict in East Asia in future. …continued on the next slide. Some more ideas for questions 1. To what extent are the disputes in East Asia are a threat to the stability and continuing development of the area as a whole? 2. Explain the roles that a range of Players and Actions could take in helping East Asian countries to develop further. 3. Explain how the growing economic power of East Asia could lead to social and political tension within the region and beyond. 4. Assess the sustainability of continued development in East Asia. 5. Discuss the global and regional impact of China’s rise to superpower status in future.