AIMS: To identify the role of the Slave Trade in developing British ports such as Liverpool and Bristol. SUCCESS CRITERIA You can explain why some ports were so successful during the slave trade. You can outline 2 benefits to Liverpool as a result of being involved in the slave trade. In 1770 around 100,000 slaves were carried to the New World from Africa and around half of these were British ships. The British were hugely involved in the Slave trade, more so than any other nation in the late 1700s. In 1771 there were 4 main slaving ports in the UK. The table below shows the number of ships and slaves they carried for the year 1771. Port Number of Ships Slaves Liverpool 107 29,250 London 58 8,136 Bristol 23 8,810 Lancaster 4 950 London, Liverpool and Bristol accounted for over 90% of British involvement in the slave trade. Collect a map of the UK. On your map locate and label the main British Slaving ports – LIVERPOOL LONDON BRISTOL LANCASTER You can use an atlas to help. BBC - Learning Zone Class Clips - John Hawkins and the Slave Trade - History Video Why were these ports so successful? With a partner, discuss what you think might be important for a slave port to be successful? Think about GEOGRAPHY, ACCESS TO MANUFACTURED GOODS and NUMBER OF MERCHANTS (buyers and sellers of goods). London, Bristol and Liverpool had easy access to the Atlantic There were large number of merchants in these ports who were keen to make money from Slavery. The Success of British Ports These ports had access to goods which were in high demand in West Africa such as metals, guns and textiles Copy this diagram into your notes These ports had good facilities for the deep sea vessels needed for slave trading It is estimated that the port of Liverpool made around £300,000 profit each year from the slave trade. The rest of Britain's ports approximately made the same. This combined sum would be worth about £300 million today. Clearly profits from the slave trade made some people and cities very wealthy indeed. BBC - Learning Zone Class Clips - Scotland and the slave trade - History Video You will now be issued with further information on how Liverpool benefitted from the slave trade and tasks to complete.