JIG LFI Toolbox Pack 13 - Joint Inspection Group

JIG ‘Learning From Incidents’ Toolbox
Meeting Pack
Pack 13 – Oct 2014
This document is made available for information only and on the condition that (i) it may not be relied upon by anyone, in the conduct of their own operations or otherwise; (ii) neither JIG
nor any other person or company concerned with furnishing information or data used herein (A) is liable for its accuracy or completeness, or for any advice given in or any omission from
this document, or for any consequences whatsoever resulting directly or indirectly from any use made of this document by any person, even if there was a failure to exercise reasonable
care on the part of the issuing company or any other person or company as aforesaid; or (B) make any claim, representation or warranty, express or implied, that acting in accordance with
this document will produce any particular results with regard to the subject matter contained herein or satisfy the requirements of any applicable federal, state or local laws and regulations;
and (iii) nothing in this document constitutes technical advice, if such advice is required it should be sought from a qualified professional adviser.
Joint Inspection Group Limited
Shared HSSE Incidents
Learning From Incidents
How to use the JIG ‘Learning From Incidents’
Toolbox Meeting Pack
• The intention is that these slides promote a healthy, informal
dialogue on safety between operators and management.
• Slides should be shared with all operators (fuelling operators, depot
operators and maintenance technicians) during regular, informal
safety meetings.
• No need to review every incident in one Toolbox meeting, select 1
or 2 incidents per meeting.
• The supervisor or manager should host the meeting to aid the
discussion, but should not dominate the discussion.
• All published packs can be found in the publications section of the
JIG website (www.jigonline.com)
Joint Inspection Group Limited
Shared HSSE Incidents
Learning From Incidents
For every incident in this pack, ask yourselves the
following questions:
• What is the potential for a similar type of incident at our site?
• How do our risk assessments identify and adequately reflect these
• What prevention measures are in place and how effective are
they (procedures and practices)?
• What mitigation measures are in place and how effective are they (safety
equipment, emergency procedures)?
• What can I do personally to prevent this type of incident?
If you would like further assistance or information relating to the information
contained in this pack please contact JIG via http://www.jigonline.com/contacts/
Joint Inspection Group Limited
Shared HSSE Incidents
Emergency Response (LFI 2014-10)
Summary – A fuelling operator connected a servicer to the hydrant system
and aircraft and awaited authorisation from the airline’s engineer to
commence fuelling. Whilst waiting, the operator saw that a 3rd party vehicle
positioned at the rear of the aircraft was engulfed in fire. The operator
immediately instructed the dispatcher via two way radio to call the airport fire
service. The dispatcher alerted the duty supervisor who then contacted the
hydrant operating company to shut down the hydrant system. In the
meantime the operator considered using an extinguisher from his vehicle to
tackle the fire but realised it was out of control and decided not to. Instead,
he returned to his vehicle and deactivated the hydrant valve. The fire service
arrived at the scene and immediately started extinguishing the fire.
Toolbox Talk Discussion Points –
 Discuss if the actions of the operator were correct in this situation. What would you have done?
 Do your emergency procedures consider this type of scenario?
 Are you confident that your staff feel empowered to activate emergency equipment e.g. Emergency Shutdown
Buttons (ESBs) and fire alarms?
 Have you liaised with relevant stakeholders when developing your procedures, e.g. Fire service, hydrant
 Have you established clear instructions on how to act in such a situation and are they effectively
communicated to staff?
 Do you periodically test your emergency procedures to evaluate their effectiveness and the competence of
 Do you review and, when necessary, update your emergency plans after a real emergency situation or
Can you think of any similar situations that YOU have experienced or witnessed? Did you report it?
Joint Inspection Group Limited
Shared HSSE Incidents
Reversing a Refueller - Guide Person/
Banksman walking backwards fell (LFI 2014-11)
Summary – A fuelling operator whilst acting as a reversing Guide Person to
a fellow operator walked backwards whilst directing the driver of the refueller.
In doing so, and trying to maintain eye contact with the refueller driver, he failed
to check the ground area behind him.
The Guide Person tripped over a reversing stop bar falling heavily to the floor
sustaining injuries to the back and side of his body.
Causes –
Guide person did not follow the correct procedure of remaining stationary
whilst directing the driver.
Guide person had no awareness of what was behind him as his focus
was on the reversing vehicle.
Guide person should have stopped the reversing vehicle whilst he repositioned himself.
Toolbox Talk Discussion Points •
Does your site have a vehicle reversing requirement?
If yes, do you have a vehicle reversing policy / procedure?
Does your policy / procedure detail key requirements such as remaining
stationary whilst acting as a Guide Person?
Reversing should always be avoided but, if there is no alternative, it should
be done with the aid of a competent Guide Person.
Can you think of any similar situations that YOU have experienced or witnessed? Did you report it?
Joint Inspection Group Limited
Shared HSSE Incidents
Aircraft Incident - Damage to Aircraft (LFI 2014-12)
Summary – In the process of approaching an ATR-42 aircraft, a hydrant servicer struck a blade of the
aircraft propeller, causing damage to the vehicle windscreen and requiring the aircraft to be substituted while
checks and repairs were carried out on the aircraft. Nobody was injured in the incident.
Causes –
 The driver had to manoeuvre around a catering truck to approach the aircraft
reducing the area available to make visual alignment with the propeller.
 Whilst moving forward the driver was looking at the aircraft fuelling point
instead of the direction of movement of his servicer.
 Cones placed by the ground handling agent close to the aircraft engine were
used incorrectly by the operator as distance markers for vehicle positioning.
 The operator failed to carry out an adequate assessment of the fuelling area
prior to approaching the aircraft.
 The operator did not receive any training from the airline (but did receive
training from the JV HSE Manager during his initial training).
Toolbox Talk Discussion Points –
 What training or instruction have fuelling operators had from the airline on aircraft types?
 Are your operators suitably empowered to delay fuelling or to instruct other ground handlers
to move obstructing equipment before approaching the aircraft?
 Is your risk assessment process sufficient to identify hazards such as a protruding propeller
 Have you developed suitable stand plans to identify the safest approach and exit routes
to/from the aircraft fuelling position? (See JIG 1 6.2.2)
 Do you conduct sufficient safety walks/observations to assess the driving skills of your
Can you think of any similar situations that YOU have experienced or witnessed? Did you report it?
Joint Inspection Group Limited
Shared HSSE Incidents
Shoulder injury resulting from lifting Road
Traffic Cones (LFI 2014-13)
Summary – A fuelling operator was setting up road cones to establish the fuelling working area. In order to
do so, the operator positioned himself slightly off-centre to the cones, see figure 1 below. He then lifted a
cone (approx. 2.3kg) from a stack of three from the rear holder of the truck. The operator applied a single
arm lifting technique which involves lifting the cone at an angle off the holder. While performing the task he
felt a slight pain in his shoulder. He completed the fuelling of the aircraft and then went back to the office.
He reported the shoulder discomfort to his supervisor. An assessment by medical staff resulted in restricted
work for the operator.
Causes –
 The lifting technique resulted in lifting the cone above shoulder
 Cones were lifted off the cone holder at a steep angle. The close
proximity to the aircraft engine resulted in a cramped workspace
which contributed to a steep lifting angle, adversely affecting
shoulder rotation as well as lifting above shoulder height.
 Lifting and movement of single cones was not recognised as a
manual handling activity that could cause an injury if not performed
Toolbox Talk Discussion Points –
 Are operators aware of the potential hazards and associated risks
when performing manual handling tasks, irrespective of the weight of
an object?
 Have you formally assessed best manual handling techniques as
part of your manual handling training?
Joint Inspection Group Limited
Figure 1 : Non-recommended Manual
Handling of cones
Shared HSSE Incidents
Electrical failure in components and fires
LFI 2014-14
Incident Summary – there have been a several recent incidents in the
industry involving failed and overheated electrical components. All of them
have resulted either in small fires or overheated cables.
There have also been major issues with overheated old pumps / motors at
airports which have resulted in fires.
Causes • Old components, wiring and equipment.
• Component /system not included in yearly site electrical inspections.
• Inadequate hydrant pump sequencing leading to one pump working all of
the time.
• No thermal measurements being taken whilst equipment is in operation.
• Incorrect rating of electrical equipment for the defined hazardous area.
Toolbox Talk Discussion Points •
Does your site have old poorly maintained equipment / components?
Do you have equipment / wiring that looks inadequate / unsafe?
Do you have regular electrical equipment inspections of your site?
Can you think of any similar situations that YOU have experienced or witnessed? Did you report it?
Joint Inspection Group Limited
Shared HSSE Incidents

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