Community Safety and Policing issues in 2015

Report
Community Safety
Working and Learning together to
create safer communities
Thursday 22 January 2015
Conference Chair
Cllr Paul Bayliss
Derby City Council
Community Safety and Policing
issues in 2015
Mark Norris,
Senior Adviser,
Local Government Association
22/01/2015
www.local.gov.uk
What this presentation will cover
• Provide an overview of community safety and
policing issues in 2015 including:
– Police governance
– Community Safety Partnerships
– Counter-extremism
– Violence against women and girls
– Emerging issues
Police governance and CSP funding
PCCs?
Or Police Boards?
Counter-Terrorism and Security Bill
• Places 2 new statutory duties on councils:
– Duty to prevent people being drawn into terrorism
(Prevent);
– Duty to assist people assessed as being
vulnerable of being drawn into terrorism
(Channel).
• Draft statutory guidance already out for
consultation.
• Will we develop counter-narratives to
extremist ideology?
Serious and organised crime
Violence Against Women and Girls
Emerging issues
Anti-Social Behaviour
From Theory Into Practice
22nd January 2015
Background
• Multiple pieces of legislation with 19 different tools
and powers
• 2010 ‘Moving Beyond The ASBO” speech
• Review of all tools and powers
• White Paper – Putting Victims First
Tackling Problem Individuals
Anti-Social Behaviour Order
ASBO on Conviction
Drinking Banning Order
DBO on Conviction
Anti-Social Behaviour Injunction
Individual Support Order
Intervention Order
Civil injunction
Criminal Behaviour Order
The new Civil Injunction will be available in the County Court for adults and the
Youth Court for under 18s.
The Criminal Behaviour Order (CBO) is available to deal with the most seriously
anti-social individuals on conviction for any criminal offence.
As well as prohibitions, both the injunction and CBO will be able to include positive
requirements that can address the underlying causes of the behaviour and prevent
future recurrences (for instance, alcohol or drugs misuse).
Criminal Behaviour Order
• On conviction
• Two conditions must be met
- harassment, alarm or distress proved beyond
reasonable doubt and
- must be helpful in preventing further anti-social
behaviour
• Minimum 12 months and maximum 3 years for under
18s
• Minimum 2 years and no maximum for adults
• Breach is a criminal offence
• Joint protocol agreed in Greater Manchester
In practice….
• Graham Fox - prolific offender - serious acquisitive
crime
• 2 year order
Prohibitions;
Being in possession of any power tools, gardening equipment, games
console or games, without a valid receipt or where he can prove that he
has the permission of the owner to use the item
Being in possession of a pedal cycle unless previously registered with
an Oldham Intelligence Officer
Associating with a number of named individuals in any place to which
the public has access
Entering the garden, yard or driveway of any private dwelling without
the express permission of the owner/occupier of the premises
Tackling environmental ASB
Litter Clearing Notice
Street Litter Clearing Notice
Graffiti/Defacement Removal Notice
Designated Public Place Order
Gating Order
Dog Control Order
ASB Premises Closure Order
Crack House Closure Order
Noisy Premises Closure Order
Section 161 Closure Order
Community Protection Notice
Public Spaces Protection Order
New Closure Power
The Community Protection Notice (CPN) can be issued to deal with a particular
problem negatively affecting the community (e.g. litter or graffiti)
The Public Spaces Protection Order (PSPO) provides councils with a flexible
power to put in place local restrictions to address a range of ASB in public places
The new Closure Power provides the police or council with new, single Closure
Powers, consolidating four of the powers already available to them.
Public Space Protection Order
• Local Authorities make the Order
• Parks and open spaces, alleyways and communal
areas
• Gating, alcohol consumption, dog control, noise
• 3 year review period
• Breach can be dealt with by FPN or prosecution
• Transitional arrangements for existing orders
• 20+ orders being put together in Oldham
Closure Power
•
•
•
•
Single power for all premise types
Introduction of temporary 24 hour closure
Closure Notice must be served
Magistrates’ Court application for Closure Order
within 48 hours of Notice being served
• Closure for up to 3 months – can be extended for
further 3 months.
• Breach is a criminal offence
In practice….
•
•
•
•
•
Residential property
Tenant of social landlord
Prolific drug users of heroin
Drug dealing by visitors to the address
Vulnerable adult - 90 year old male with dementia
living next door
• 3 month order – evidence met all three limbs of the
test
Empowering Communities
The ASB Case Review gives victims of ASB the opportunity to force a
case review where their report meets a locally determined threshold.
Oldham Threshold:
• 3 calls from one household or same locality about the same problem
The Community Remedy gives victims of low-level crime and ASB a
say in the punishment of offenders out of court.
Behaviour must be pass the threshold for criminal prosecution or civil
injunction application.
ABC’s, paying compensation to the victim*, or doing local unpaid work
in the community, or for the victim, such as repairing damage or
scrubbing graffiti off a wall.
Police Powers to Disperse
Section 30 Dispersal Order
Section 27 Direction to Leave
Dispersal Powers
The police Dispersal Power enables officers to require a person whose
behaviour has caused, or is likely to cause, harassment, alarm or distress to
leave a specified area and not return for a specified period of up to 48 hours.
Absolute Ground for Possession
•
•
•
•
•
Conviction for serious criminal offence
Proven breach of a Civil Injunction
Conviction for breach of Criminal Behaviour Order
Conviction for breach of Noise Abatement Notice
Closure Order granted by the Magistrates’ Court
• As long as correct procedure followed Court must
order possession.
• Proportionality and Human Rights Act consideration
Thank you for listening
Contact details:
Lorraine Kenny
Community Safety Manager
[email protected]
0161 770 1582 or 07739 548899
Community
Safety in Derby
Where we were
• Extensive central Government grants
• A range of statutory requirements under the
1998 CAD and 2004 PCA
• Performance framework a wide range of
indicators
• Central Government Guidance and Policy
• Significant new legislation (20 Acts)
Where are we now
• No central Government grant except for Prevent
programme, which is ring-fenced
• Last funding in 2012-13 for gangs and youth violence
• Pressures of Local Authority and partner budgets
• Partners retracting, partnership working and
collaboration more difficult
• How do Councils prioritise community safety?
• Role of OPPC, governance and funding
Current Situation
• Community safety vastly reduced, less resource and
staff
• Core funding from Council, BCU and OPPC
• More focussed on risk and threat
• Strong political support
• Community safety delivered through neighbourhood
agenda and core team of 2 staff
• Local freedom and flexibility v’s lack of funding
2014-15 Priorities
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Statutory requirement for SIA to identify and set priorities
Domestic and Sexual Violence
Youth Crime Prevention
Asb
Drug and Alcohol related crime
Gangs and OCGs
Cyber Crime
Violent Crime/City Centre
Persistent Offenders (IOM)
Panel Questions and Answers
Refreshment Break
Community Safety
Working and Learning Together to Create Safer
Environments
Identifying Risk
Detective Superintendent Terry Branson
Our Commitment
Providing a high quality policing service to the communities of
Derbyshire. We work in partnership to address crime and
community safety, adhering to five guiding principles:
•
•
•
•
•
Protecting the vulnerable
Attacking criminality
Providing reassurance
Preventing and reducing crime
Delivering value for money
Background – Strategic Risk Process
• Partnership Working - Since 2009, Derbyshire
Constabulary, Safer Derbyshire and Derby Community
Safety Partnership have been pooling knowledge to
produce a joint Strategic Intelligence Assessment.
• Purpose – to identify the significant risks posed to
Derbyshire in relation to crime and community safety.
• Risk & Threat Matrix – Findings from the Intelligence
Assessment used to inform the matrix.
• Priority risk areas identified.
32
Current Process
• Bi-annual Strategic Risk seminar - key staff and
partners in attendance.
• Priorities agreed.
• Force Leads and Control Strategies in place.
• Priorities focused on at all levels.
• Re-assessed through the matrix process 6
monthly by the Strategic Tasking & Coordination
Group.
33
Current Priorities
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Safeguarding Children
Drugs
Alcohol-related Harm
Safeguarding Adults
Domestic Abuse
Acquisitive Crime & Offender Management
Rape
Organised Crime Groups (OCGs)
Organised Immigration Crime, Human Trafficking &
Exploitation (OICHTE)
OICHTE
What is Human Trafficking?
• Article 3, paragraph (a) of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and
Punish Trafficking in Persons defines Trafficking in Persons as the
recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of
persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of
coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power
or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of
payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having
control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.
Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the
prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced
labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude
or the removal of organs.
35
OPERATION VERA
Investigation in to Human
Trafficking, Rape and
Operation
Vera
Serious
Sexual Offences.
Premier Inn, Ripley on
Saturday 8th October 2011
SIO - DCI Mick Cooper (PPU)
Deputy SIO - DI John Roddis (AV CID)
Operation Atwood
Traffickers bedroom
Victims bedroom
37
Exploitation types reported for all potential
victims of trafficking identified in 2013 –
National Data
Other <1%, (13)
Unknown Organ Harvesting ,
Exploitation Type, <1%, (2)
9%, (246)
Sexual Exploitation
41%, (1128)
Source: NCA Strategic Assessment – The Nature and Scale of Human Trafficking in 2013
Criminal
Exploitation 9%,
(249)
Domestic
Servitude 8%,
(230)
Labour
Exploitation 27%,
(743)
Multiple
Exploitation 5%,
(133)
Subtypes of labour exploitation reported for all
potential victims in 2013 – National Data
Source: NCA Strategic Assessment – The Nature and Scale of Human Trafficking in 2013
Source: NCA Strategic Assessment – The Nature and Scale of Human Trafficking in 2013
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
2
0
28
0
42
0 239
0
31
0
63
0
15
0 118
0
20
0
48
0
60
13 269
0
5
0 105
0
85
13 1128
Total
4
1
9
8
14
4
0
0
0
10
20
0
61
2
133
Unknown
Exploitation Type
68
79
47
94
18
10
10
10
60
34
143
6
124
40
743
Sexual
Exploitation
Multiple
Exploitation Types
1
5
63
3
3
0
9
1
7
0
131
0
1
6
230
Other
Labour
Exploitation
7
6
24
66
8
1
9
8
6
13
58
1
21
21
249
Organ Harvesting
Domestic
Servitude
Region
East Midlands
Eastern
London
North East
North West
Northern Ireland
Overseas
Scotland
South East
South West
Unknown
Wales
West Midlands
Multiple
Total
Criminal
Exploitation
Table to show the number of potential victims encountered
by exploitation type and the area where exploitation is
reported to have taken place
12 120
9 142
12 394
10 212
15 121
1
31
2 148
0
39
6 127
2 119
164 800
0
12
4 316
9 163
246 2744
Derbyshire Car Washes
Nationality
48
50
45
40
Italy
Slovakia
Lithuania
Romania
Albania
Iraq
Iran
Bulgaria
Yugoslavia
Kuwait
Latvia
Bosnia
Serbia
Hungry
Kosova
35
30
25
20
14
15
15
11
10
3
5
4
1
1
1
2
3
2
1
1
1
41
0
1
History
F.N.O.
Op ATWOOD
Op BRUNO
Op BARMOUTH
O.I.C.H.T.E.
Derby ATP
42
Legislation
•
•
•
•
•
Sexual Offences Act
Asylum & Immigration
Coroner & Justice Act 2009
Human Rights Act
UK Borders Act 2007
• Modern Day Slavery Bill
43
Strategic Plan
• PREVENT
–
–
–
–
Develop infrastructure to support the strategy.
Enhance service offering in communities.
Produce training and awareness plan.
Improve engagement upstream.
• PROTECT
–
–
–
–
Develop target hardening.
Embed multi-agency safeguarding processes.
Strengthen support to victims and witnesses.
Improve victim confidence in reporting.
44
Strategic Plan cont’d
• PREPARE
–
–
–
–
Develop partnership arrangements.
Enhance intelligence and data collection.
Utilise communications plan to support strategy.
Instigate performance measures.
• PURSUE
–
–
–
–
Develop specialist support in Force.
Develop investigative and disruption activity.
Improve criminal justice processes.
Target asset recovery.
45
Cllr Peter Robinson
Lincolnshire County Council
Ed Hammond
Centre for Public Scrutiny
Panel Questions and Answers
Event Summary and Close

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