Book of Joshua PowerPoint Chapter 7

Chapter 7
Faithful God & Unfaithful People
Bethany Covenant Church
Fall 2014
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Quick Review
• God instructed Israel before Jericho was invaded: “But keep away
from the devoted things, so that you will not bring about your own
destruction by taking any of them. Otherwise you will make the camp
of Israel liable to destruction and bring trouble on it. All the silver and
gold and the articles of bronze and iron are sacred to the LORD and
must go into his treasury.”” (Joshua 6:18–19, NIV)
Quick Review
• Seven priests blowing seven trumpets walked seven times around
Jericho on the seventh day.
• The last verse of chapter 6: “So the LORD was with Joshua, and his
fame spread throughout the land.” (Joshua 6:27, NIV)
• God told Moses: “But the land that you are going over to possess is a
land of hills and valleys,” (Deuteronomy 11:11, ESV)
“But the Israelites were unfaithful in regard to the devoted things;
Achan son of Karmi, the son of Zimri, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of
Judah, took some of them. So the LORD’s anger burned against Israel.”
(Joshua 7:1, NIV)
is a for
of things
come thatthe
•• Is“But”
it justice
one man’s
sin to
with the last verse, which was: “So the
of Israel?
and his
was in all the land.”
• IsLord
if fairwas
to say
(Joshua 6:27)
you know
yeast not
• Even
save the
of dough?”
5:6, NIV)
of sin(1
God’s anger.
“Now Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai, which is near Beth Aven
to the east of Bethel, and told them, “Go up and spy out the region.”
So the men went up and spied out Ai.” (Joshua 7:2, NIV)
Who told Joshua to spy out or invade Ai?
This is territory
Abram visited in
“From there [Abram] went on toward
the hills east of Bethel and pitched his
tent, with Bethel on the west and Ai
on the east. There he built an altar to
the LORD and called on the name of
the LORD.” (Genesis 12:8)
“When they returned to Joshua, they said,
“Not all the army will have to go up against Ai.
Send two or three thousand men to take it
and do not weary the whole army, for only a
few people live there.” (Joshua 7:3, NIV)
• “And
Is there
said to Joshua,
reason the
do not
given all
into our
• hands.
Does itAnd
all the to
do with the
they because
did not received
of us.”” at
2:24, ESV)
• In spying on Jericho
the report back to
Joshua were the facts,
not the conclusion. In
spying on Ai they provide
the facts and conclusion
on military strategy.
• The spies make no
mention of the Lord;
they are full of selfconfidence not Godconfidence.
“So about three thousand went up; but they
were routed by the men of Ai, who killed
about thirty-six of them. They chased the
Israelites from the city gate as far as the stone
quarries and struck them down on the slopes.
At this the hearts of the people melted in fear
and became like water.” (Joshua 7:4–5, NIV)
Ai is uphill from Jericho.
The soldiers marched
confidently uphill and ran
in fear back down.
Joshua did not go with the
3,000 soldiers to Ai and
likely considered that his
Joshua The Discouraged
• Remorse (7:6)
• Reproach (7:7-9)
• Repentance (7:8-9)
• Rebuke (7:10-15)
“Then Joshua tore his clothes and fell facedown to the ground
before the ark of the LORD, remaining there till evening. The
elders of Israel did the same, and sprinkled dust on their heads.”
(Joshua 7:6, NIV)
• The leader who was magnified is now mortified.
• Had Joshua humbled himself before the battle,
things would have been different after the battle.
• The ark of the covenant was left in camp because
the proud soldiers believed they could now handle
things on their own.
“And Joshua said, “Alas, Sovereign LORD, why did you ever bring this
people across the Jordan to deliver us into the hands of the Amorites
to destroy us? If only we had been content to stay on the other side of
the Jordan! (Joshua 7:7, NIV)
• Joshua seems to be reproaching God. Recall that God removed
the “reproach of Egypt” (Joshua 5:9) from Israel, but Joshua
seems to forget.
• Unbelief will always settle for something less than God’s best.
“Pardon your servant, Lord. What can I say, now that Israel has
been routed by its enemies? The Canaanites and the other people
of the country will hear about this and they will surround us and
wipe out our name from the earth. What then will you do for your
own great name?”” (Joshua Joshua,
7:8–9, NIV)
who is now famous, first
mentions Israel’s name and then
God’s great name.
Joshua the soldier is
now servant
“The LORD said to Joshua, “Stand up! What are you doing down
on your face? Israel has sinned; they have violated my covenant,
which I commanded them to keep. They have taken some of the
devoted things; they have stolen, they have lied, they have put
them with their own possessions.” (Joshua 7:10–11, NIV)
• The word “stand” is used 3 times in the next 3
• Stolen because they were things to be given as
first fruits to the Lord.
• Lied, because there was now a cover up and the
things were hidden.
“That is why the Israelites cannot stand against
their enemies; they turn their backs and run
because they have been made liable to
destruction. I will not be with you anymore
unless you destroy whatever among you is
devoted to destruction. “Go, consecrate the
people. Tell them, ‘Consecrate yourselves in
preparation for tomorrow; for this is what the
LORD, the God of Israel, says: There are devoted
things among you, Israel. You cannot stand
against your enemies until you remove them.”
(Joshua 7:12–13, NIV)
there Option:
any way
This was
for the
mercy under it
the law? the
meant destroying
Repent now!
For tomorrow
““When anyone is unfaithful to the LORD by sinning unintentionally in
regard to any of the LORD’s holy things, they are to bring to the LORD as a
penalty a ram from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value
in silver, according to the sanctuary shekel. It is a guilt offering. They
must make restitution for what they have failed to do in regard to the
holy things, pay an additional penalty of a fifth of its value and give it all
to the priest. The priest will make atonement for them with the ram as a
guilt offering, and they will be forgiven.” (Leviticus 5:15–16, NIV)
““ ‘In the morning, present
yourselves tribe by tribe. The tribe
the LORD chooses shall come forward
clan by clan; the clan the LORD
chooses shall come forward family by
family; and the family the LORD
chooses shall come forward man by
man.’ ”” (Joshua 7:14, NIV)
Closer look
at verse 14
are cast twice
by inLot?
“In the morning therefore you
“In the morning, present
shall be brought near by your
yourselves tribe by tribe. The tribe
tribes. And the tribe that the LORD the LORD chooses shall come
takes by lot shall come near by
forward clan by clan; the clan the
clans. And the clan that the LORD
LORD chooses shall come forward
takes shall come near by
family by family; and the family
households. And the household
the LORD chooses shall come
that the LORD takes shall come
forward man by man.” (Joshua
near man by man.” (Joshua 7:14,
7:14, NIV)
More about
Can you think of another time in
casting lots
scripture where lots were cast?
Casting Lots in Scripture
• “The lot is cast into the lap, but
its every decision is from the
LORD.” (Proverbs 16:33, ESV)
• “Casting the lot settles disputes
and keeps strong opponents
apart.” (Proverbs 18:18, NIV)
Other OT references
• “Then Saul said, “Cast the lot
between me and my son
Jonathan.” And Jonathan was
taken.” (1 Samuel 14:42, ESV)
• “He is to cast lots for the two
goats—one lot for the LORD and the
other for the scapegoat.” (Leviticus
16:8, NIV)
• “Their inheritance was by lot, just
as the LORD had commanded by the
hand of Moses for the nine and
one-half tribes.” (Joshua 14:2, ESV)
Casting Lots in Scripture
New Testament
• “Once when Zechariah’s division
was on duty and he was serving
as priest before God, he was
chosen by lot, according to the
custom of the priesthood, to go
into the temple of the Lord and
burn incense.” (Luke 1:8–9, NIV)
• “And they cast lots for them, and
the lot fell on Matthias, and he
was numbered with the eleven
apostles.” (Acts 1:26, ESV)
• “And when they had crucified
him, they divided his garments
among them by casting lots.”
(Matthew 27:35, ESV)
Casting Lots in Scripture
• Never done to predict the future. It is not divination, fortune telling,
horoscope or mysticism.
• It was a selection process; luck of the draw.
• No record in scripture of casting lots after Pentecost.
Back to
“Whoever is caught with the devoted
things shall be destroyed by fire, along
with all that belongs to him. He has
violated the covenant of the LORD and has
done an outrageous thing in Israel!’ ””
7:15, NIV)
What would
you be doing after hearing
this announcement, if the devoted things
were in your tent?
“Early the next morning Joshua had
Israel come forward by tribes, and
Judah was chosen. The clans of
Judah came forward, and the
Zerahites were chosen. He had the
clan of the Zerahites come forward
by families, and Zimri was chosen.
Joshua had his family come forward
man by man, and Achan son of
Karmi, the son of Zimri, the son of
Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, was
chosen.” (Joshua 7:16–18, NIV)
Jewish tradition says when Judah was
chosen all the men of the tribe drew
their swords as a symbol of their
“Then Joshua said to Achan, “My son, give
glory to the LORD, the God of Israel, and honor
him. Tell me what you have done; do not hide
it from me.” Achan replied, “It is true! I have
sinned against the LORD, the God of Israel. This
is what I have done: When I saw in the
plunder a beautiful robe from Babylonia, two
hundred shekels of silver and a bar of gold
weighing fifty shekels, I coveted them and
took them. They are hidden in the ground
inside my tent, with the silver underneath.””
(Joshua 7:19–21, NIV)
This was administration
of an oath: “Give glory
to the Lord.”
Back to the Garden:
Saw, beautiful, coveted,
Achan and Eve
Achan in Jericho
Eve in Garden of Eden
I saw in the plunder a beautiful
robe . . . , I coveted them and
took them. They are hidden in the
ground (Joshua 7)
The woman saw . . . and pleasing
to the eye, . . . , she took some
and ate it. . . gave some to her
husband . . . , and they hid from
the LORD God among the trees of
the garden.” (Genesis 3)
“So Joshua sent messengers, and they ran
to the tent, and there it was, hidden in his
tent, with the silver underneath. They
took the things from the tent, brought
them to Joshua and all the Israelites and
spread them out before the LORD.” (Joshua
7:22–23, NIV)
Achan’s confession alone was not
enough, Joshua wanted the evidence:
1) Confirmed the lot selection process;
2) Confirmed the confession;
3) Assured removal of the devoted
things from the midst of Israel.
“Then Joshua, together with all Israel,
took Achan son of Zerah, the silver, the
robe, the gold bar, his sons and
daughters, his cattle, donkeys and
sheep, his tent and all that he had, to
the Valley of Achor. Joshua said, “Why
have you brought this trouble on us?
The LORD will bring trouble on you
today.” (Joshua 7:24–25a, NIV)
• It is the Lord, not Joshua,
What is the significance of
who pronounced judgment
“all Israel” taking Achan & his
and sentence on Achan.
family to the Valley?
• No mention of a wife.
“Then all Israel stoned him, and after they had
stoned the rest, they burned them. Over Achan
they heaped up a large pile of rocks, which
remains to this day. Then the LORD turned from
his fierce anger. Therefore that place has been
called the Valley of Achor ever since.” (Joshua
NIV) “trouble.”
• Anchor means
• Israel went from the hill at Ai down to the
valley of trouble.
• This is the 2nd time Israel has heaped stones:
First to mark faith and victory, this one to bury
sin and loss.
Who was killed
that day?
“Then all Israel stoned him, and after
they had stoned the rest, they burned
them. Over Achan they heaped up a
large pile of rocks, which remains to
this day.” (Joshua 7:25b–26a, NIV)
“Parents are not to be put to death
for their children, nor children put
to death for their parents; each will
die for their own sin.”
(Deuteronomy 24:16, NIV)
Who was killed at Achor?
• Most commentators believe
the entire family was stoned,
together with all possessions.
• But, the law says children are
not put to death for their
Look at the
Who was killed at Achor?
• The text makes no mention of a wife, just children
• Joshua says to Achan “Why have you brought this trouble on us? The
LORD will bring trouble on you today.” (Joshua 7:24–25a, NIV)
• Achan says “I sinned against the Lord,” he does not implicate his
family or others
• The text in most versions says “all Israel stoned him,” not them
• God specifically says to Joshua “Achan . . . , took some of [the
devoted things].” (Joshua 7:1, NIV)
• The text says “Over Achan they heaped up a large pile of rocks, which
remains to this day.” (Joshua 7:26, NIV)
Chiasmus in Joshua 7
A The anger of the Lord burned against Israel (7:1)
B Israel’s soldiers killed by Ai’s soldiers (7:2-5)
C Joshua asking the cause of defeat before the Lord (7:6-9)
D I will not be with you unless you destroy devoted things (7:12)
C’ Joshua searching for person who caused the wrath of the Lord (7:16-21)
B’ Achan killed by all Israel (7:22-25)
A’ The anger of the Lord relented (7:26)
“What is it?” = Manna
(Exodus 16:15)
“When the dew was gone, thin flakes like frost on the ground
appeared on the desert floor. When the Israelites saw it, they said to
each other, “What is it?” For they did not know what it was. Moses
said to them, “It is the bread the LORD has given you to eat.” (Exodus
16:14–15, NIV)
“The people of Israel called the
bread manna. It was white like
coriander seed and tasted like
wafers made with honey.”
(Exodus 16:31, NIV)
“Jesus said to them, “Very truly I tell you, it is not Moses who has
given you the bread from heaven, but it is my Father who gives you
the true bread from heaven. For the bread of God is the bread that
comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.” “Sir,” they
said, “always give us this bread.” Then Jesus declared, “I am the
bread of life. Whoever comes to me will never go hungry, and
whoever believes in me will never be thirsty.” (John 6:32–35, NIV)
“Whoever has ears, let them hear what the Spirit says to the
churches. To the one who is victorious, I will give some of the hidden
manna.” (Revelation 2:17a, NIV)
“I am the bread of life. Your ancestors ate the manna in the
wilderness, yet they died. But here is the bread that comes down from
heaven, which anyone may eat and not die. I am the living bread that
came down from heaven. Whoever eats this bread will live forever.
This bread is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.”” (John
6:48–51, NIV)
“This is the bread that came down from heaven. Your ancestors ate
manna and died, but whoever feeds on this bread will live forever.””
(John 6:58, NIV)
Jesus and Manna
• Jesus is the “true bread” from heaven.
• He is “the bread of God” from heaven.
• Jesus is the “the bread of life.”
• Those who eat the bread from Christ “will live forever.”
• Manna was bread for only the Israelites, but Christ is the bread of life
for the entire world.
• There was manna enough for all Israel; in Christ the true bread there
is grace enough for entire world.
• Israel was hungry the next day after eating manna; in Christ the true
bread the believer will never hunger.
Chiasmus in Joshua 2:1-7:26
A Rahab because of faith become Israelite, delivered from destruction (2:1-24)
B 3 days preparation at Jordan + 4 days healing from circumcision (3:1-5:9)
C Passover remembrance, first born death (5:10-11)
D Manna stopped (5:12a)
E Commander of the Lord’s army appears (5:13)
D’ Manna no longer received, Israelites ate fruit of the land (5:12b)
C’ Lord delivers first city to the Israelites, keeps first fruits (6:5)
B’ 7 days of encircling the city of Jericho (6:6-27)
A’ Achan because lack of faith treated as Canaanite, put to destruction (7:26)
• Be Strong, Wiersbe, Warren W., Be Commentary Series.
• The Bible Knowledge Commentary, Campbell, Donald K.
• Opening Up Joshua, Ellsworth, Roger, Opening Up Commentary.
• Matthew Henrys Commentary on the Whole Bible: Henry, Matthew.
• Warren W. Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines on the Old Testament
Wiersbe, Warren, W.
• Commentary on the Book of Joshua, Calvin, John, and Henry
• The Teachers Bible Commentary, Philbeck, Ben F.
• The Books of History, Smith, James E., Old Testament Survey Series.
• Joshua’s Spiritual Warfare, Clarke, Thomas B.

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