Shakespearean Studies September 11, 2013 The Taming of the Shrew – Working out language issues Agenda •Notes: Shakepeare’s approach to language (contractions) •Everything Old is New Again…translating Shakespeare •Ordering Shakespeare Around •Class Reading-Act 1, Scene 1 Standards L11-12.1-2 (Combined) Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage. (And how Shakespeare used them in his writing!) Shakespeare’s “play” with language A special vocabulary case is Shakespeare’s common use of contractions. Shown below are a few of the most common contractions found in Shakespeare. 'tis = it is o'er = over ne'er = never e'er = ever a' = he ope = open gi' = give i' = in oft = often e'en = even Everything Old is New Again •Work independently to translate the provided quotes into modern English. •Volunteer to write one on the board… Ordering Shakespeare Around •In your notes, write down a simple sentence. •Ex: I ate the sandwich •Then, re-write the sentence 4 times by re-ordering the words. Ordering Shakespeare Around •Unusual word order in a sentence is called inversion. Shakespeare used inversion to create specific dramatic and poetic effects. Inversion can be used to emphasize key words, to create specific poetic rhythms, to give a character a specific speech pattern (think Polonius, for example), or for a variety of other purposes. Ordering Shakespeare Around •Experienced readers “re-order” the words to understand the sentence. They locate the subject and the verb and “re-write” the sentence for clarity (“Ate the sandwich I” is quickly changed to “I ate the sandwich”). Class Reading:Act 1, Scene 1 Parts!