Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel Who? Why? How? Jim Bowen March 2014 Israeli universities (1) Ariel University (2) Bar Ilan University (3) Ben-Gurion University (4) Hebrew University (5) Technion , Haifa (6) Tel Aviv University (7) University of Haifa Israeli 3rd-level institutions (1) Afeka Tel Aviv Academic College of Engineering (2) Ariel University (3) Ashkelon Academic College (4) Bar Ilan University (5) Ben-Gurion University (6) Bezalel Academy of Art and Design (7) College of Management (8) Emeq Yizrael College (9) Galillee College (A) Hebrew University of Jerusalem (B) Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya (C) Jerusalem University College (D) Open University of Israel (E) Russell Berrie Nanotechnology Institute (F) Safed Academic College (G) Sami Shamoon College of Engineering, Ashdod campus (H) Sami Shamoon College of Engineering, Beer Sheba campus (I) Shenkar School of Engineering and Design (J) Technion , Haifa (K) Tel Aviv University (L) Tel-Hai Academic College (M) University of Haifa (N) Weizmann Institute (O) Western Galilee College Why should we boycott Israeli universities? • Their complicity with the occupation of the West Bank and Gaza • Their involvement in discrimination against nonJewish citizens of Israel • Their theft of property belonging to Palestinian refugees • Their doing nothing to stop Israeli attacks on Palestinian academic freedom Israeli University complicity with occupation 1. Some Israeli universities are physically part of the occupation of the West Bank • Ariel University • Mount Scopus campus of the Hebrew University Ariel University • Ariel settlement almost splits West Bank • Ariel University is tip of dagger • Note the Apartheid Wall around three sides of the campus Hebrew University, Mount Scopus Campus • Core is on former Mount Scopus exclave • But it has expanded into occupied East Jerusalem University complicity with occupation (contd) 1. 2. Some Israeli universities are physically part of the occupation of the West Bank Israeli universities support the Israeli Occupation Forces • Israel has been described as an army with a state: • all Israeli universities are run by high-ranking IOF retired or reserve officers • IOF permission was required for creation of Ariel University • Most Israeli academics serve in the reserves; hence some man checkpoints, while others kill Palestinians, and everything in between (h/t Haim Bresheeth) • IOF outsources much of its training to Israeli universities • IOF is largest investor in R&D in Israeli univ., and is crucial for most R&D – – – – – – – – • • TAU: project on ‘sweating during interrogation’ (h/t Haim Bresheeth) Technion: development of drones and defence satellites BGU: Robotics for military applications HUJ: Intelligence services training programmes HUJ: Biometric identification for the IDF BIU: Chaotic micro-laser for military communication BIU: Cipher-systems for military communication BIU: Remote camera technologies for military uses Israeli universities teach the architects and engineers who design and build the settlements Israeli universities teach the lawyers and judges who administer the apartheid legal system in the occupied territories – one law for the settlers, another for the Palestinians University complicity with occupation (contd) 1. Some Israeli universities are physically part of the occupation of the West Bank 2. Israeli universities support the occupation forces 3. Israeli universities engage in propaganda to promote the occupation • • TAU: special courses for schoolchildren about security and arms development TAU and Haifa: special courses in hasbara to students Israeli University discrimination against non-Jewish citizens of Israel • Israeli universities practice discrimination, by techniques which include: a. b. c. using culturally-specific entrance tests designed to reduce intake of non-Jewish citizens (eg, the Einstein question, with intended answer being Arik not Albert) providing preferential treatment to (ex-)soldiers, since most nonJewish citizens do not join the army (eg, discriminatory accommodation provision at Univ. of Haifa) restricting ability of non-Jewish students to express their culture on campus (eg, ban on Xmas trees at Univ. of Haifa) • The institutional racism is clear from the fact that the proportion of non-Jewish students and staff is only a fraction of the proportion of non-Jewish citizens of the state Israeli Universities’ theft of refugee property • Most land in Israel belongs to the refugees who were expelled in 1948-50 and never allowed to return • In 1948, there were only two universities in the area that became Israel, the Technion and Hebrew University • So, Israeli universities occupy refugee property – for example, Tel Aviv University is built on the lands of the Palestinian village of Shaykh Muwannis • the staff club in Tel Aviv University, officially called the Marcel Gordon University Club, unofficially called the Green House ( הבית הירוק, Habayit Hayorik), is actually the home of Ibrahim Abu Kheel, the mukhtar of the village, who was expelled in 1948 Israeli universities do nothing to stop Israeli attacks on Palestinian academic freedom • Israeli universities are part of the apparatus of a state which attacks Palestinian academic freedom – Israel collects taxes from the occupied territories but provides no support to Palestinian universities – Israel arbitrarily prevents foreign staff and students from visiting Palestinian universities and often deports Palestinian academics with foreign citizenship – Israel prevents Palestinian students from accepting scholarships to foreign universities – Israel prevents Gaza students from studying in the West Bank – Israeli air force bombs Palestinian universities – Israeli apartheid wall steals land from West Bank universities – ... • No Israeli university tries to stop any of this What does it mean for us? • PACBI call will be summarized on final slide • Basically, PACBI asks us to boycott institutions, not individuals – the boycott applies to individuals only when they represent their universities or other institutions • When in doubt, ask PACBI for advice [email protected] • Typical boycott actions are shown on next slide Typical boycott actions • avoid organizing joint activities, directly or indirectly, with Israeli institutions, regardless of pretext or sponsors • avoid speaking at Israeli universities or visiting them • do not attend conferences co-sponsored by Israeli authorities or academic institutions, or held at Israeli universities • avoid collaboration with Israeli institutions on EU-funded projects • do not submit articles to, or referee articles for, journals based at Israeli academic institutions • do not accept either visiting lecturers or student exchange programmes that are sponsored by Israeli universities or by the Israeli state • object to proposals for holding international conferences in Israel • object to proposals for conferences which include participation by Israeli institutions Summary of PACBI call for boycott • The Palestinian campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel (PACBI) asks us to 1. Refrain from participation in any form of academic and cultural cooperation, collaboration or joint projects with Israeli institutions; 2. Advocate a comprehensive boycott of Israeli institutions at the national and international levels, including suspension of all forms of funding and subsidies to these institutions; 3. Promote divestment and disinvestment from Israel by international academic institutions; 4. Work toward the condemnation of Israeli policies by pressing for resolutions to be adopted by academic, professional and cultural associations and organizations; 5. Support Palestinian academic and cultural institutions directly without requiring them to partner with Israeli counterparts as an explicit or implicit condition for such support.