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VCE Russian Revolution lecture
AOS 1 & 2
Studied as 1st or 2nd Rev.
AOS 1 1905-1917
• Why study History?
• Greatest stories, people: individuals, communities,
countries, soul, quest for truth
• Why study Russia? Peoples Tragedy. (20th could
have been very different. At least Russia’s history
would have been different.
• All learning; Arrive confused, but leave confused
at a higher level.
Events
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1904-5 Russo –Japanese War.
1905 Jan. Bloody Sunday Massacre
1905 Jan-Nov. 1905 Revolution.
1905 May. Battle of Tsushima
1905 Oct. Trotsky’s St Petersburg Soviet
1905 Oct Manifesto by Tsar
1906 April. Fundamental State Laws
1906 May. Formation of the Duma
Events
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1906 Witte replaced with Stolypin
1906 Stolypin’s land reforms & oppression
1911 Stols assassinated
1912 Lena Goldfields Massacre
1912 Formal split of Bolsh/Mensh
1913 Economy picking up
1913 Romanov Tri-Centenary
1914 WW1 (1914-1918)
1915 Tsar takes control of Army
Events
• 1915 Tsarina & Rasputin running the
Government
• 1916 Dec. Rasputin assassinated.
• 1917 Feb. Putilov/Int.Womens Day March.
• 1917 Feb Revolution
• 1917 Feb. Provisional Govt/ Petro Soviet
• 1917 March. Tsar abdicates
• 1917 March . Sov Order No1
Events
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1917 April. Lenin returns. April Theses
1917 June Offensive
1917 July Days
1917 Aug. Kornilov Revolt
1917 Oct Rev
1917 Dec. Constituent Assembly elections
1917 Dec. Cheka formed
1918 Jan. Dismissal on Const. Assem
Events
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1918 Jan. Civil War
1918 March. Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
1918 May. War Communism implemented
1918 July. Assassination of Romanovs
1918 Aug-Sept. Kulak Laws
1921 Kronstadt Rebellion
1921 NEP
Events
• 1922 Show Trials
• 1923 Formation of USSR
• 1924 Lenin dies
Leaders/Personalities
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Tsar
Tsarina
Lenin
Trotsky
Witte
Stolypin
Rasputin
Marx & Engels
Leaders/Personalities
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Rodzianko
Dzerzhinsky
Kollantai
Krupskaya
Ideas
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Autocracy/Tsarism
Marxism/ Leninism
Capitalism
Communism
Proletariat
Bourgeoisie
Terror
War Communism
NEP
Ideas
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State wither away
Classless utopia
All Power to the Soviets
Dictatorship of the Prols
Education
Electrification. Goelro
Groups/movements
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Bolsheviks Soc Demos
Mensheviks Soc Demos
Social Revolutionary Party
Kadets
Octobrists
Peasants, Kulaks. rural Prols
Industrial workers. urban Prols
Cossacks
Groups/ movs
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Bourgeoisie
Church
Okhrana
Duma
Progressive Bloc
Prov Govt
Petro Soviet
Red Guard
Groups/movs
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Red Army
Soviets, Mir, Zemstvos
Cheka
Whites
Reds
Greens
Sovnarkom
Politburo/Orgburo & Secretariat
Documents
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Karl Marx Communist Manifesto 1848
Lenin What is to be Done 1902
Fr Gapon Bloody Sunday Petition 1905
Tsar Nicholas II October Manifesto 1905
Duma Abdication doc Feb 1917
Soviet Order No1. March 1917
Lenin April Theses 1917
Lenin Kulak Law 1918
Lenin Treaty of Brest-Litovsk 1918
Kronstadt Petition 1921
Lenin Political Will 1922
Historians
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Pipes
Figes
Service
Fitzpatrick
Ryan/Malone
Reed
Soviet view
Devilishly cunning VCE, AOS1
1st Rev 1905-1917
• 2 extended paragraphs of 10 marks each
• Answer the question
• HAMBURGER, 3 layers, 3/4 main points. Factual
content with insight
• Writing a killer opening paragraph/mini essay
• Past VCE Qs
• 2005 VCE Q1 Lenin’s ideas & Q 2 Nicholas II’s
Abdication
• 2006 VCE Q1 Bloody Sunday & Q 2 Prov. Govt.
VCE AOS1
• 2007 VCE Q1 WWI & Abdication Q2
Lenin’s policies
• 2008 VCE Q1 Tsar & Oct Manifesto Q2
Prov. Govt.
• 2009 VCE Q1 Russo-Japanese War 19041905. Q2 Lenin’s April Theses
VCE AOS1
• 2010 VCE Q1 WW1-Oct1917 & Q2
Kornilov July-Oct1917
• 2011 VCE Q1 & Q2
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Russia AOS II. Rev
Docs/images 1917-1924
Discriminating Q.
Image/ Document/ Historiography
Structured questions a, b, c & d
a and b comprehension . 2 marks each
c 6 marks and d 10 marks, Writing a killer
opening paragraph
• HAMBURGER, 3 layers, 3/4 main points.
Factual content with insight
Russia 1st Rev. AOSII.
VCE past Qs. Docs/images
• 2005 VCE Pipes on Lenin
• 2006 VCE Kronstadt Petition 1921
• 2007 VCE Lenin defending using terror
1918
• 2008 VCE Orlando Figes
• 2009 VCE Lenin’s NEP 1921
• 2010 VCE Lenin on Constit.Assembly 1918
Russia. as 2nd Rev AOS1
Docs/images 1905-1917
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Discriminating Q.
Image/ Document/ Historiography
Structured questions a, b, c & d
a and b comprehension
c and d, Writing a killer opening paragraph
HAMBURGER, 3 layers, 3/4 main points.
Factual content with insight
Russia as 2nd Rev AOS 1
VCE Past Qs.
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2005 VCE Bloody Sunday poster 1905
2006 VCE Feb Rev poster 1917
2007 VCE Oct Rev poster 1917
2008 VCE Bloody Sunday poster 1905
2009 VCE Miliukov doc. 1916/Feb 1917
2010 VCE Q Rasputin poster/Feb 1917
2011 VCE Q?
Russia as 2nd Rev AOS 2
1917-1924
Essay
• 2005 Choice of 3:pol change, signif change,
crises and compromises
• 2006 Choice of 3: rigid and auth, benefits,
original aims and reality
• 2007 Choice of 3: leaders modifying ideals,
difficulties, signif change
• 2008 Choice of 3: resolve grievances,
successful in fulfilling ideals, nature of pol
authority
Essay
• 2009 Set Q. Contention from Figes that
Lenin’s Bolsh. Party “set out with high
ideals, only to find out later that the
outcome was quite different.”
• To what extent had the original ideals of the
Bolshevik Party been altered by 1924?
• Use evidence to support your response.
Essay
• 2010 Set Q. Contention from Pipes; argues
that judged in terms of its own aspirations,
the communist regime was a monumental
failure: it succeeded in one thing onlystaying in power.
• To what extent were the aspirations of the
Bolshevik Party achieved by 1924?
• Use evidence to support your answer.
Help
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www.studyroom.info & www.vcaa.vic.edu.au
Virtual classroom. USB or school website
university websites:
Nicholas & Alexandra 1971, Ten Days that Shook
the World BBC, Reds, Dr Zhivago, docos
Teachers & Historians
Past students lectures
HTAV days
Text, Leading Edge, Checkpoints,wide reading &
BHW
Help
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Inter-school activity
Prac SACs against the clock
VCE marking
Preparation breeds confidence/enjoyment

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