Capercaillie Skye Waulking Song This track is from the album Nadurra, released in 2000. (Nadurra is Gaelic for naturally) Capercaille Capercaille is a Celtic, modern Folk Band. It is made up of 8 musicians mainly from Scotland & Ireland. It was formed in Oban (Scotland) in 1984, & has become famous worldwide. Capercaille continued… They play traditional folk instruments (uilleannn pipes, flute, fiddle, accordian & bouzouki) over more modern instruments like drums, keyboard & bass guitar. Their singer, Karen Matheson, mainly sings in Scots Gaelic. Their music is a mix of traditional Celtic songs & more contemporary ideas & modern drum beats. ‘Skye Waulking Song’ Chuir M’Athair Mise Dahn Taige Charraideach The full title translates as ‘My Father Sent Me to a House of Sorrow’. The song is a mixture of traditional folk music and popular music. Instrumentation Traditional fiddle Modern guitar uilleann pipes bass guitar whistle drum kit accordian keyboard (2) bouzouki Structure 8 verses based on the same melody but slightly different chords Intro Verses 4-6 Begins with sustained keyboard Full rhythm section drives song forward. It’s in G major. chord Chords C, G, Em C, G Fiddle joins in (tremolo) Mostly louder Drums, 2nd keyboard and bouzouki join in (counterpoint) Instrumental Bass playing staccato Pipes and fiddle solo in a heterophonic texture. Improvising. Verse 7 (verses 1-3) Traditional (fairly simple beat). Chords change to Am9-Em9,Em C, G It’s in E minor (chords switch between Em & G). Verse 8 Quiet, calm & peaceful. Chords change back to C G Em C G Focus on the singer Outro Vocals improvise to nonsense syllables. Instruments weave counterpoint. Long fade-out to end. Structure 8 verses based on the same melody but slightly different chords Intro sustained keyboard chord EF#GA chords switch between Em G Verses 4-6 C G Em C G Em C G Instrumental Verses 1-3 Verse 7 Am9 Em9 Em C G Verse 8 C Em C G Em G C G G Outro C G C G etc. Time Signature/Rhythms Basically in 12/8 (4 beats in a bar) the singer sings in 12/8, but sometimes the hi-hat plays on every other quaver so it also feels la bit like 6/4. 2 more things The melody is based on the pentatonic scale. E G A B D or G A B D E The song ends with a fade out. Lyrics The lyrics are in Scots Gaelic. Words in italics are ‘nonsense’ syllables Chuir m’athair mise dha’n taigh charraideach Hi ri huraibhi o ho ‘N oidhche sin a rinn e bhanais dhomh O hi a bho ro hu o ho Lyrical Meaning The lines of the verses are taken from a 13th century lament called ‘Sethan, Son of the King of Ireland’. It’s about a girl who is unhappy with the marriage her Father has arranged for her. Waulking? A stage in traditional clothmaking. Woollen cloth/tweed was cleaned, thickened & softened by this process. Women pounded the cloth against a table or trampled on it. Women sang songs to pass time & keep the rhythm of the pounding.