Word Study Crossroads Middle School 7th/8th Grade Trimester Two 2014-2015 *Updated 2014 fid Latin Definition: faith, trust Vocabulary ● confidential ● fidelity ● infidel confidential Part of speech: adjective Definition: private, secretive Sentence: “I have something to tell you,” Janna whispered in a confidential tone. fidelity Part of speech: noun Definition: the quality of being loyal or faithful Sentence: Patriots are unwavering in their fidelity to the cause of freedom. infidel Part of speech: noun Definition: one without faith or belief Sentence: Religious leaders attempted to persuade the infidel to accept their faith. memor Latin Definition: recall, remember Vocabulary ● commemorate ● memorial ● memorize commemorate Part of speech: verb Definition: to honor the memory of someone or something by observance or ceremony Sentence: The annual festival commemorates the town’s founding date. memorial Part of speech: noun Definition: an object or ceremony honoring the memory of a person or event Sentence: The Vietnam Memorial is a tribute to the thousands of soldiers who died in the war. memorize Part of speech: verb Roy G. Biv Definition: to commit to memory Sentence: Using a mnemonic device can help you memorize the colors of the rainbow. pseudo / fals Greek /Latin Definition: false, fraudulent; pretending to be something it is not Vocabulary: ● pseudonym ● falsification ● fallacy pseudonym Part of speech: noun Definition: a fictitious (made up) name Sentence: American author Samuel Langhorne Clemens took the pseudonym Mark Twain from a phrase that he heard while working on a riverboat. falsification Part of speech: noun Definition: the act of making false or fake Sentence: The immigrant was arrested for falsification of his birth certificate. ◦ fallacy Part of speech: noun Definition: an untrue or mistaken idea Sentence: It is a fallacy that girls aren't as good as boys at math. cogn Latin Definition: know, understand Vocabulary ● cognition ● incognito ● recognize cognition Part of speech: noun Definition: the act or process of knowing or understanding Sentence: Children can increase their cognition by playing games to improve thinking skills. incognito Part of speech: adjective Definition: when someone’s identity is concealed or hidden Sentence: Since we were incognito in our Halloween costumes, no one at the party knew who we were. recognize Part of speech: verb Definition: to identify using previous knowledge Sentence: You might recognize these actors if you saw The Hunger Games. script / scrib Latin Definition: to write, to record Vocabulary: ● prescribe ● inscription ● postscript prescribe Part of speech: verb Definition: to provide a clear guide or rule of action Sentence: The doctor prescribed medicine to cure the infection. inscription Part of speech: noun Definition: important information engraved or written on stone or other hard surface Sentence: Tourists travel to read the inscription on the Liberty Bell symbolizing America’s freedom. postscript Part of speech: noun Definition: a note or series of notes added to a signed letter Sentence: At the end of her letter, Keri added a postscript asking me to write back soon. mar / nav Latin Definitions: mar - sea nav - ship Vocabulary ● marina ● maritime ● navigate marina Part of speech: noun Definition: a docking area for small boats Sentence: The boats anchored at the marina bobbed cheerfully in the water. maritime Part of speech: adjective Definition: relating to the sea Sentence: Officer Matthews is an expert in maritime law because he is an active member of the Coast Guard. navigate Part of speech: verb Definition: to direct or manage a course Sentence: Only flat-bottomed boats can safely navigate through the canal. aster / astro Greek Definition: star; outer space Vocabulary ● astronomy ● asterisk ● astronomical astronomy Part of speech: noun Definition: the scientific study of the universe and the objects in it Sentence: People who study astronomy spend a lot of time looking up at the sky. asterisk * Part of speech: noun Definition: a star-shaped symbol used in writing to to draw attention to text Sentence: *Please put an asterisk next to each Word Study word you used in your essay. astronomical Part of speech: adjective Definition: enormously large or great; relating the study of space Sentence: We got an astronomical telephone bill this month after calling our family in India. gen Greek Definition: birth; race; kind Vocabulary ● genesis ● genealogy ● generation genesis Part of speech: noun Definition: the origin or beginning of something Sentence: The author wrote a book describing the genesis of the Civil Rights movement and the great impact that followed. genealogy Part of speech: noun Definition: : an account of a person’s or family’s ancestry Sentence: Jane has a distinguished genealogy that traces back to Queen Elizabeth. generation Part of speech: noun Definition: average time between the birth of parent and their children Sentence: Our family has four generations made up of my great-grandmother, my grandmother, my mother and me!