Australia`s Global and Regional Links

Report
Australia's Global and Regional
Links
School Certificate Stage 5 Syllabus
Agenda
 Syllabus requirements
 Key definitions
 Regions
 Types of Links
Syllabus Requirements
 The place of Australia in the world
Australia’s location in relation to its near
neighbours and their territorial
boundaries
Syllabus Cont.
 The ways Australia interacts with other nations including:
 aid
 communication
 culture
 defence
 migration
 tourism
 trade
 sport
Syllabus Cont.
 Australia’s regional and global links – choose 1
Aid
Migration
Defence
Trade
 the nature of the link
 the roles of the government and of non-government organisations in
relation to the link
 treaties and/or agreements relevant to the link
 cultural, economic and geopolitical advantages and disadvantages to
Australia
 social justice and equity issues in Australia and other countries
Syllabus Cont.
 Future challenges for Australia:
Population
 current and future population trends:
 growth rates, age structure and spatial distribution
 government population policies to manage population growth
 implications of population trends:
 ecological sustainability
 population movement and urban planning
Syllabus Cont.
 Human rights and reconciliation
 future challenges for Australia in relation to:
 human rights
 reconciliation
 how other nations have responded to these challenges
 strategies to address the challenges
Key Definitions
Key Definitions
 Aid
money and resources that are given or lent to poor or developing nations by
wealthier developed nations
 Asia–Pacific region
usually considered to be the countries that make up the southern and eastern
parts of Asia and some countries that border the Pacific Ocean
 Communication
the sending or passing on of information especially by electronic or mechanical
means
 Culture
the body of beliefs, attitudes, skills and tools with which members of a
community structure their lives and interact with their environment
Key Definitions
 Defence
the protection of a country’s borders, people and national interests
and the promotion of peace and security
 Migration
the permanent movement of people between nations
 International Tourism
the temporary movement of people between nations
 International Trade
the movement of goods, services and ideas between countries
Definitions Cont.
 APEC
 Asia- Pacific Economic Co-operation
 Treaty
 is an agreement between States (countries) which is binding at
international law
 NGO
 Non Government organisation
 Multilateral
 participated in by more than two nations, parties, etc
Where Are We???
Australia’s regional location
Asia Pacific Region
Note this is often
an exam question
Complete Knowledge Questions p249
1.
In what quadrant of the world is Australia found?
2.
What is the Pacific Rim?
3.
What major areas make up the Asia–Pacific region?
4.
Why is the Asia–Pacific region important to Australia?
5.
What is APEC?
6.
Name Australia’s seven closest neighbours.
7.
What is the Australian Exclusive Economic Zone?
Answers
In what quadrant of the world is Australia
found?
1.
5.
What is APEC?
Asia Pacific Economic C0-operation
The Asia Pacific Region
What is the Pacific Rim?
2.
1.
3.
What major areas make up the Asia–Pacific
region?
It is divided into the four distinct areas of
Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia and
Australasia.
Why is the Asia–Pacific region important to
Australia?
Because of its political, economic and social
links
Name Australia’s seven closest neighbours.
Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and TimorLeste ,New Zealand, New Caledonia,
Solomon Islands and Vanuatu
Countries that have a border on the Pacific
Ocean
Is made up mostly of island nations like Fiji,
Vanuatu, Samoa, Solomon Islands and Tonga,
but also includes Australia, Papua New Guinea
and New Zealand.
4.
6.
7.
What is the Australian Exclusive Economic
Zone?
Sovereign rights over the area 200 nautical
miles around the continent,
Oceania
 Oceania is a geographical region that consists of lands that
lie in the Pacific Ocean in the area between Asia and North
and South America.
 It is made up mostly of island nations like Fiji, Vanuatu,
Samoa, Solomon Islands and Tonga, but also includes
Australia, Papua New Guinea and New Zealand
Who is APEC?
 Aka the dodgy shirt brigade
 APEC has 21 member economies.
 The word 'economies' is used to describe APEC members
because the APEC cooperative process is predominantly
concerned with trade and economic issues,
 Members engage with one another as economic entities.
Dodgy shirts Inc.
A Uniquely Australian Experience of
APEC
21 APEC Economies
Who & When of APEC
 Australia 6-7 Nov 1989
 Indonesia 6-7 Nov 1989
 Brunei Darussalam 6-7 Nov
 Japan 6-7 Nov 1989
1989
 Canada 6-7 Nov 1989
 Republic of Korea 6-7 Nov
1989
 Chile 11-12 Nov 1994
 Malaysia 6-7 Nov 1989
 People's Republic of China 12-
 Mexico 17-19 Nov 1993
14 Nov 1991
 Hong Kong, China 12-14 Nov
1991
 New Zealand 6-7 Nov 1989
Who & When of APEC
 Papua New Guinea 17-19
Nov 1993
 Chinese Taipei 12-14 Nov
1991
 Peru 14-15 Nov 1998
 Thailand 6-7 Nov 1989
 The Philippines 6-7 Nov
 The United States 6-7 Nov
1989
 Russia 14-15 Nov 1998
 Singapore 6-7 Nov 1989
1989
 Viet Nam 14-15 Nov 1998
What Does APEC do?
 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, or APEC, is the premier
forum for facilitating economic growth, cooperation, trade
and investment in the Asia-Pacific region
 The 21 members account for approximately
 40.5%1 of the world's population,
 approximately 54.2%1 of world GDP and about
 43.7%2 of world trade
 Decisions made within APEC are reached by consensus and
commitments are undertaken on a voluntary basis.
APEC Map
 Using the information supplied highlight /
mark in the associated countries on the
world map (also provided)
NGO’s
NGO’s
 Mobilise public support and voluntary contributions for aid e.g red
Cross
 Often have strong links with community groups in developing
countries e.g Doctors without Borders
 Often work in areas where government-to-government aid is not
possible e.g. in countries such as Peoples Republic of Congo and
Zimbabwe
 Many have expertise in meeting people's basic needs, particularly
in emergency situations where quick and flexible responses are
essential e.g. during floods in Haiti , tsunami in Thailand
ausAID
 The Australian Government's overseas aid program is
improving the lives of millions of people in developing
countries.
 Australia is working with the governments and people of
developing countries to deliver aid where it is most needed
and most effective

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