biodiesel slideshow

Caltex Corio – November 2012
Introducing biodiesel blends
Bonney Energy Pty Ltd Announced as Caltex Biodiesel Blending Plant in Victoria
Caltex Depot Facility in Corio (Geelong) operated by Bonney Energy Pty Ltd has been
approved to blend Biodiesel on behalf of Caltex Australia for the Victoria market.
Earmarked for closure the Depot facility has undertaken a very extensive makeover
to transform into a fully approved facility.
Blends of B5 and B20 Biodiesel are now available from our Corio facility completely
supported by Caltex Australia.
Bonney Energy are very exited with the extension to their product range within their
marketing area. Staff have been trained in the handling and marketing of these new
Biodiesel products
Leadership in Australian Biofuels
• Within Caltex, there is a strong focus on innovating products to offer our customers access to alternative options to reduce
their emissions. This is most apparent through our commitment to and involvement in the Australian biofuels industry.
• Caltex is Australia’s leading supplier of biofuel blends, with the broadest range of products from E10 to E85, known as Bio E-
Flex, and B2, B5 and B20. Caltex first started selling ethanol blends in 1996 (under the Bogas brand) and biodiesel blends in
2004 ahead of any biofuels mandates or targets.
• This leadership in Australian biofuels continues today.
Biofuels – part of the mix
• Caltex accepts the science behind global warming and is committed to addressing the
significant risks posed to economies, societies and the environment.
• Caltex supports setting a national goal for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. This goal
should be determined and adjusted from time to time on the basis of the best available
Will sell 125 million litres of neat biofuels in 2012.
More than $25M invested into terminal & service station conversions for biofuels blending & distribution.
E10 available from 6 terminals & at over 500 branded service stations.
Biodiesel blends available in 6 markets.
Work with all domestic suppliers of biodiesel.
All our current suppliers have signed declarations of compliance with the principles of the Roundtable of
Sustinable Biofuels version 0.
Biodiesel blends availability
B5 & B20 available ex
Corio, Victoria
Sustainable practices – zero harm
• Caltex will only purchase biodiesel from
reputable suppliers.
• All of Caltex’s suppliers have declared
conformance to the principles and criteria
published by the RSB.
• Caltex has a no palm oil or palm derivative
The Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels
(RSB) provides and promotes the global
standard and certification scheme for
socially, environmentally and
economically sustainable production of
biomass and biofuels.
RSB Certificates are recognized by the
European Union under the Renewable
Energy Directive.
Understanding biodiesel
“Nothing in life is to be feared. It is only
to be understood.”
– Madame Marie Curie, Nobel Prize winner 1911
One of the most common concerns for customers is how using biodiesel
blends will affect their engines. Here are some quick, well-worn facts
about biodiesel blends:
• No engine modification is required to use biodiesel blends up to 20%.
• All vehicles and machinery that normally run on automotive diesel can
use B5 diesel with no engine modifications.
• The Australian diesel standard allows for the inclusion of 5% biodiesel
in recognition of this.
• B20 is accepted by some manufacturers, and does have differing
properties that may affect performance in some engines, so consult
your engine manufacturer prior to use.
Biodiesel is a mild solvent, so in older machinery may loosen sediment and require one or two filter changes.
Some biodiesels are more stable than others. Poor stability can lead to the formation of gums and sediments that will plug
• Storage for neat and blended biodiesel fuels longer than 6 months may require antioxidants.
• Biodiesel blends readily with all types of distillates, splash blends well on top of distillate.
• Biodiesel is biodegradable and non-toxic, and typically contain no sulfur.
• Biodiesel blends can be stored in standard storage tanks, however require stricter controls over moisture and water
• Biodiesel blends will not separate in the presence of water.
• As with all liquid petroleum fuels, free water leads to corrosion and fuel deterioration.
• Biodiesel is a richer microbial food source than mineral diesel as it is more oxygenated. Water provides a fertile growing
place for microbes (‘bugs’) and this can generate sludge which can block filters. Eliminating water is the most effective
of controlling microbial growth.
The Australian Diesel Standard allows diesel to
contain up to 5% biodiesel:
• There is no requirement to label the content as it
does not significantly change the properties of the
• The Federal Chamber of Automotive Industry
(FCAI), the industry body for car and engine
manufacturers in Australia, accepts biodiesel
blended with conventional diesel fuel up to 5%
• All vehicles and machinery that normally run on
automotive diesel can use biodiesel blends up to
Experience: Caltex Australia has almost a decade’s experience in
supplying biodiesel blends. We understand biodiesel and know what
qualities it needs to give engines the best performance.
Stricter quality standards: We impose tougher quality specifications on
our fuels than the Australian standard to ensure the highest quality
product. The biodiesel is carefully blended with regular diesel at Caltex
terminals and depots to meet Caltex’s strict quality standards.
Sustainability: Caltex only purchases biofuels from producers that can
declare they conform to the principles and criteria published by the
Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels – an international initiative concerned
with ensuring the sustainability of biofuels production and processing.
Local industry: Caltex prefers biofuels supplied by Australian producers,
which supports our local industry. Using locally produced biodiesel helps
support employment and local businesses in regional Australia.
Stewardship: Caltex will help you get the best performance from your
fuel by helping you manage the introduction seamlessly. We will also
recommend and help establish best practice storage and handling to
make sure your fuel quality is protected.
Comparing diesels
Caltex XLSD
Caltex B5
Caltex B20
Water sensitivity
Very high
Oxidation stability & cold
flow properties
25 mg/L max. (ASTM D2274)
Caltex formulates to operate
satisfactorily at winter
25 mg/L max. (ASTM D2274)
Different biodiesel feedstocks
can change this parameter.
Caltex formulates to ensure
operability in all climates.
25 mg/L max. (ASTM D2274)
Different biodiesel feedstocks
can change this parameter.
Caltex formulates to ensure
operability in all climates.
Vehicle compatibility
Suitable for all diesel
Suitable for all diesel
Check with manufacturer
regarding warranty and
Compliance to Australian
diesel standard
100% compliant.
Compliant with variation for
density & cetane number.
Compliant with variation for
Changes in physical
properties when
compared to XLSD
Higher cetane number.
Higher density.
Improved lubricity.
Higher cetane number.
Higher density.
Improved lubricity.
Fuel efficiency compared
Negligible fuel economy
Possibly a 1-2% fuel economy
penalty, partially offset by
higher density.
Caltex B5 & B20 Diesels
Quality assurance
We impose tougher quality specifications on our biodiesel than the
Australian national standard for biodiesel. We do this so we can offer
you the best biodiesel blends on the market.
Caltex imposes stricter limits on properties critical to good operability:
Oxidation stability
Cold filter plugging point
Moisture content
Cold soak filtration
Filter blocking tendency
Caltex also screens each and every biodiesel delivery into our
terminals for quality prior to accepting the product.
This biodiesel is then carefully stored and blended at our terminals
producing our high quality B5 and B20 blends.
Caltex B5 & B20 Diesels
Transitioning to biodiesel blends
Caltex will help manage the introduction of biodiesel blends into your
sites seamlessly. We will also recommend and help establish best
practice storage and handling to make sure your fuel quality is
This will include, but not limited to, tank and dispense point sampling,
cleanliness testing, microbial contamination testing and
recommendations on fuel system optimisation and on ongoing
monitoring practices.

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