Inequality in Education Susan Dynarski, University of Michigan Ford School of Public Policy School of Education Department of Economics Rising Education Levels Source: Bailey & Dynarski (2011) Inequality in Educational Attainment is Rising Uneven Gains Source: Bailey & Dynarski (2011) BA Especially Unequal Education Increasingly Divides the Haves and Have-Nots Earnings by Education Over Time Source: College Board, Education Pays Gaps Growing Unemployment Drops with Education Source: College Board, Education Pays Health Insurance Coverage Rises with Education Source: College Board, Education Pays Are High Tuition Prices the Culprit? Tuition Prices Have More Than Tripled Source: College Board, Trends in College Pricing Net Prices Have Risen More Slowly Source: College Board, Trends in College Pricing Source: College Board, Trends in College Pricing Are Loans Crushing Students? Net Price Down Source: College Board, Trends in College Pricing Debt Burden Flat for Public BAs Source: College Board, Trends in Student Aid Rising for Private Colleges Is $20,000 Too Much Debt? Public BA Recipients Median Debt of Borrowers Monthly Loan Payment, 10 Year Term Monthly Loan Payment, 20 Year Term Interest Rate of 6.8% $19,800 $228 $151 Interest Rate of 3.4% $19,800 $195 $114 Average new car loan: $27,000 Monthly payment (5 years, 4.75%): $506 Source: Author’s calculations; student loan data from Trends in Student Aid; car loan data from Federal Reserve (http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/g19/hist/cc_hist_tc.html ). Student Loans: Borrowing Against Future Gains Source: Education Pays Sources • Martha Bailey and Susan Dynarski (2011), “Inequality in Postsecondary Education,” in Whither Opportunity? Rising Inequality and the Uncertain Life Chances of Low-Income Children, edited by Greg J. Duncan and Richard J. Murnane. • College Board Education Pays • College Board Trends in College Pricing • College Board Trends in Student Aid • Piketty, Thomas, Emmanuel Saez, and Stefanie Stantcheva (2011), Taxing the 1%: Why the top tax rate could be over 80%. Vox, December. • Board of Governors of Federal Reserve System (2012). Consumer Credit G19, Historical Series.