GID and Homosexuality - Professor Leonard`s Website

GID and Homosexuality
Gender Identity Disorder vs. Homosexuality in Adolescents
•Exploring the differences and similarities in the development of gender and
sexual identities in pre-adulthood
Amanda Decker
Camden County College
Professor Chad Leonard
Definitions and Explanations
 Gender Identity Disorder and Homosexuality
 Gender Identity Disorder (GID)
 The developmental phenomenon where an individual
truly feels that their physical, biological gender is
incorrect. (1)
 Homosexuality
 The sexual attraction to the same sex; also known as
LGB (2)
(1) Simonelli, C., Rossi, R., Tripodi, M. F., De Stasio, S., & Petruccelli, I. (2006, September 25). Gender identity and
preadolescence: a pilot study. Sexologies, 16-1, 22-28
(2) Rosario, M., Schrimshaw, E., & Hunter, J. (2008, October 30). Predicting Different Patterns of Sexual Identity
Development Over Time Among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youths: A Cluster Analytic Approach.
American Journal of Psychology, 42-3,4, 266-282.
Research Topic
 Comparing the development of homosexuality and
gender identity disorder in pre/post adolescents.
 How do they differ?
 How are they recognized?
 Are there age differences when they appear?
 156 youths from New York City area.
 14-21 (Mean age was 18.3)
 49% female, 51% male
 34% low SES, 66% high SES
 Self-defined Sexual Orientations
 66% Lesbian or Gay
 31% Bisexual
 3% Unsure
 Interview/Survey Study
 Interviewed two times- one year apart
 Utilized “Sexual Risk Behavior Assessment – Youth
(SERBAS-Y)” and Identity Integration Checklist
 Identity Formation vs. Identity Integration
 Identity Formation
 Asked ages of participants during six psychosexual
developmental milestones
 1) Age when first erotically attracted to the same sex
 2) Age when first fantasized about the same sex
 3) Age when first aroused by fantasizing or erotica of
the same sex
 4) Age when first thought they might be LGB
 5) Age when they knew for sure they were LGB
 6) Age when first experienced any same sex activities
 Identity Integration
 Identity Integration Checklist (28 questions)
 Measured involvement in LGB social and
recreational activities
 Applied at both interviews; observe any change in
the sample group’s overall rate of integration as
their sexual identities grew and strengthened
 Other Factors
 The participants’ opinions of their sexual identity
 What other people’s opinions were (+/-)
 History of childhood sexual abuse
 Support from family and friends
 All LGB youths undergo all of the psychosexual
milestones but at different rates
Early development vs. Late development
 LGB children that were sexually abused were two times
more likely to form their LGB identities earlier (early
development) than those with non-abusive pasts
 Overall
Identity integration & involvement decreased with
 Rate of disclosure increased
 Individuals’ comfort with their identities increased
 Overall attitude towards their sexuality increased
 246 preadolescent Italian children from Rome
 9-13 (Majority were 10)
 55.3% female, 44.7% male
 Average participants were of middle-low SES
 Survey/Interview Study
 Completed questionnaires in class
 Children
 Gender Identity Interview for Children (GII)
 Big Five Questionnaire (BFQ-C) *
 Teachers *
 Gender Identity Questionnaire
 Parents *
 Child Behaviour Checklist
 GII Questionnaire
 Gender cognitive confusion vs. Affective gender
 Gender cognitive confusion
 Are you a boy/girl? When you grow up with you be a
Mommy or a Daddy?
 Affective gender confusion
 Do you ever get mixed up and are not really sure if you
are a boy/girl?
 Possible GID individual if they answered three or more
survey questions atypically.
 Most common atypical answer
 40.2% did not feel as if there were any positive
elements to their biological sex
 11 participants (all female) could have been considered
possible GID individuals (5%)
 Did not answer more atypically than typically, so
cannot be definitely labeled GID
 Could indicate flexible gender identity
 Another explanation is that those female participants
may have answered as they did because they live in a
society that generally favors the male sex.
 Age Differences of Studies
 GID  9-13
 Homosexuality  14-21
 Nature vs. Nurture
 Necessary to consider culture as a factor
 GID and Homosexuality may seem very closely
related, but understanding the differences between
these sex-related developments can help ease the
inner turmoil of individuals with GID and
 Example:
 Understanding that an GID individual may not identify
as homosexual because while they are sexually
attracted to the same biological sex, they are
attracted to the opposite psychological gender.

similar documents