IMPLEMENTING COMMON CORE STANDARDS USING COMMON SENSE ARGUMENTATIVE WRITING Lorraine Hirakawa, NBCT Puget Sound Writing Project Exploring the Common Core • 4 corner strategy • Argument is the same as persuasion • Young students cannot formulate an argument • Argument requires research • Argument requires logic • Debrief • Read the material from Appendix A/C • Conclusions? What do we need to do? Small Group Discussion • Has anyone in your group used mysteries in the curriculum before? If so, with what goals? • What were are your strengths and weaknesses in teaching argument? • What are your concerns about engaging students in argumentation? Slip or Trip Next Day – Slip or Trip • Writing the report • Who would we be writing to? • What would we need to explain? Claim, Warrant, Evidence • Claim - states your position on the issue • What is your position on Queenie’s guilt or innocence? • Data - the evidence which you cite to support your claim • What evidence did you points to Queenie’s guilt or evidence? • Warrant - the warrant interprets the data and shows how it supports your claim The Lunchroom Murder Argument of Judgment • Goal • Develop a model for informal reasoning • Use a model for informal reasoning to analyze data and draw logical conclusions • Apply a model for informal reasoning in writing an analysis of a problem that requires the application of criteria MASCOT ASSIGNMENT See page 8 of your packet School Mascots • Arkansas State University • Runnin’ Joe • ASU Indians • ASU Red Wolves Think about YOUR mascot • How do you feel about it? • Do you like it? • Why or why not? • What comes to mind when you think of it? • How was your mascot selected? • If you were to select a different mascot, what would it be? • Why would you select it? What about these? Evaluate • Do you think the mascot is a good one? • If you like it, what makes a good mascot? • If you don’t like it, what makes it a bad mascot? • Write comments on your sticky notes and go put them on the appropriate mascot chart. Criteria for a good mascot • Based on your comments, let’s make some criteria • In your group, use your butcher paper to • Come up with four or five rules (warrants) that a school should use to select a mascot SHARE TIME THE VOLUPTUARY Page 10 What makes a good king? • In your group, make a list of qualities that makes a good king. • Justify your answers • Is the prince in the picture a good king? (use page 10 of packet) Academic Controversy • Learn to argue both sides of an issue • Draw from both to create meaning • Students need to be assigned partners • Elbow partner • Face partner • Fold your paper vertically • Label the left hand column Reasons, the right hand Examples EXAMPLE of two columns Reasons for banning • Cheating Examples • Students could text answers to their friends • They could copy down test questions. • They could photograph test pages. • They could put notes/answers on their phones PASS OUT ARTICLE Pg. 11 of your packet “Florida Allows Cell Phones in Class” Why Cell Phones SHOULD be used in School • Turn papers over • Again label the left hand column Reasons and the right hand column Examples • Work with your partner to choose four good reasons along with examples for using cell phones in school, think about the article you read Example of two columns Reasons • Quick research Examples • Teacher can pose a question and students can look it up and share information. • Visual information – if students are reading about a setting or time period they are unfamiliar with • Students get more practice at best ways to research a topic and they can easily share tips/strategies Choose a new partner • Partner 1 – you are going to argue in favor of banning cell phones • Partner 2 – you are going to argue in favor of using cell phones • Ones – you have one minute to argue; Twos don’t interrupt, only listen • Switch Final • Now, draft a solution that considers all sides of the argument. • This can be a quick write or a more formal essay. Nancy Steineke’s book Assessment Live addresses this strategy more elaborately. Four Corners Variation • When artificial meat becomes available, would you eat it? • Choose your corner • Bring a writing surface and a pen so you can compare notes with the people you meet. • When you arrive, your job is to talk to some other people who are standing there and take turns explaining your reason. • What could change your mind? Four Corners Variation • Today we are going to read a short article about artificial meat, also know as vitro meat. • Anyone heard of vitro meat? • Anyone heard of PETA? • Read and annotate the article Chicken in a Petri Dish Culminating Assignment • Sample Junior AP English prompt • Pg. 13 of Packet • Pros -Schools need money Cons -Youth and advertisers’ influence SMARTER Balance Parts of Performance Task • Part 1: Student reads research sources and responds to prompts (Claim 1 or 4) • Part 2: Student plans, writes, and revises his or her full essay (Claim 2) or plans and delivers a speech (Claim 3) Sample Performance Task Directions Part 1 Part 2 Scoring Information • How your essay will be scored: The people scoring your essay will be assigning scores for: • Statement of purpose/focus—how well you clearly state your claim on the topic, maintain your focus, and address the alternate and opposing claims • Organization—how well your ideas logically flow from the introduction to conclusion using effective transitions, and how well you stay on topic throughout the essay • Elaboration of evidence—how well you provide evidence from sources about your opinions and elaborate with specific information • Language and Vocabulary—how well you effectively express ideas using precise language that is appropriate for your audience and purpose • Conventions—how well you follow the rules of usage, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling Guidelines for Writing Performance Tasks • Align parts of the task • Parts build to “full write” or speech • Develop rubric for each assessment target • Develop exemplars for each rubric • Allow multiple approaches Sources • Daniels, Harvey and Nancy Steineke. Texts and Lessons for Content Area Reading. Portsmouth: Heineman, 2011. • Hillocks, Jr. Teaching Argument Writing. Portsmouth: Heineman, 2011.