INTRODUCTION

Report
ASHISH MAHESHWARI
82
SHRADDHA MANJREKAR
83
SARITA SHAH
102
NEHA SINGH
108
NEELAM SUBEDAR
115
Telecommunication in its wired form started with data communication
as telegraph services. Innovations evolved it into voice communication,
where it remained stranded for a long time. Now it has reinvented it
again to data dominant mode with convergence of voice video and
data.
Today the overall economy depends on the creation of a dynamic,
competitive, innovative, and investment attracting telecommunications
infrastructure.
Telecom Innovation
Telecom sector has undergone unprecedented growth and
development in last 20 years, after a period of relatively slow growth.
Privatization, liberalization, competition, mobility and globalization are
the words deeply associated with the Industry .
Role of TRAI 1997
TRAI is telecom regulator authority of India.
who provide license, control and frames all telecom norm
Protection of Consumer Interest
Nurture Conditions for Growth of Telecom in India.
Major Activities
 Reduced levies on Operators.
 Reduced upper limit in tariff (Local, STD & ISD)
 Directives on number of network access service providers.
 Policy guidelines on new services like 3G.
 Regular monitoring of Quality of Service parameters
ISP Provider in India
Pvt.ISP Provider in India
Tata Communications
Reliance Communication
Bharti Telecom
Govt ISP Operators
BSNL
MTNL (Mumbai & Delhi)
Services
Land line, CDMA mobile, GSM Mobile, Internet, Broadband, Carrier
service, MPLS-VPN, VSAT, VoIP services, TV uplinking.
The sector which was growing in the range of 20 to 25 per cent up to the year
2002-03, has moved to a higher growth path of an average rate of 4o-45
percent during the last two years.
Channels of Media
Wire link (High Cost & more hardware)
Satellite link (Slow Speed Low Bandwidth)
Fiber Optical link (Low Cost High Speed &
High Bandwidth)
 The year 2009, saw the Indian telecom sector adding 170 million phone
connections to take the total subscriber base to 550 million
 This financial year saw telecom players shift from per minute billing to
per second billing
 Forecasted to grow at a compound annual growth rate of around 15 per
cent between 2009-10 and 2013-14
The factors enlarging opportunities are:
1) Indian economy with increased focus on the services
sector
2) Urbanization with increasing incomes
3) Population mix moving towards a younger age
profile
Rank in world in network size
3rd
Tele–density (per hundred populations)
Telephone connection (In million)
Fixed
Mobile
Total
Village Public Telephones inhabited (Out of 5,93,601
uncovered villages)
Foreign Direct Investment (in million) (from April 2000 till
March 2010)
52.74
36.95
548.32
621.28
5,69,385
4070
Licenses issued
Basic
CMTS
UAS
Infrastructure Provider I
ISP (Internet)
National Long distance
International Long Distance
2
38
241
219
371
29
24
 Network expansion:
· 800 million connections by the year 2012.
 Rural telephony:
. 200 million rural subscribers by 2012
 Broadband:
. 20 million Broadband connections by
2010
. Broadband with minimum speed of 1 mbps.
. Broadband coverage for all secondary & higher secondary
schools and public health care centres by the end of year
2010
 The telecom industry is growing at a great pace and the
growth rate
 The 3G technology
 Public and Private Players
 Investment and Growth
 Employment status
BSNL
HUTCH
OTHERS
IDEA
AIRTEL
 Quick and accessible communication
 Lack of travel time
 Saves time
 Saves gasoline (do not have to drive distance)
 More than two people can communicate to one another at the same
time
 Easy to exchange ideas and information via phone
 World Wide access
 Remote areas do not have access
 Remote areas may not be able to afford necessary
equipment
 Cannot see whom you are speaking with
 Cannot see facial expressions, therefore leads to
misunderstandings
 Cultural barriers
 Poor connections or downed power lines during/after
storms
APPLICATIONS OF TELECOM
In this 21st century the world has witnessed an upsurge in the use of
telecommunications and information technology in nearly all aspects of
human endeavor. Access to telecommunications is therefore essential to
the development of a nation’s social and economic life.
In the new world order that is driven by knowledge and exchange of
information and ideas, surviving in the information age therefore depends
on access to national and global information networks.
Economic/Industrial
 Telecommunications networks are making it possible for
developing countries to participate in the world economy
 Technology is driving the new global economy.
Health Care.
 The development of teleconferencing facilities and multi-media
capabilities of telecommunications systems
 It has become a common phenomenon for Surgeons in any part
of the country
Education
 One of the most important applications of telecom in the education sector is
in the area of Distance Learning.
Transportation
 Transportation, as a medium of establishing contact between people and of
exchanging goods, is another major beneficiary of developments in
telecommunications.
Rural Development
 The place of telecommunications in the development of rural communities
is generally appreciated
Telecommunication benefits rural areas in various aspects
 Indian companies entering in foreign countries like South
Africa,Uganda,UAE etc.
 Foreign companies entering Indian market like Vodafone,
Virgin etc.
 Computer in mobile
 Government initiatives like free competitive market, zero
custom duty, low cost mobile handsets, low call rates, foreign
direct investment etc.
 Fastest growing sector in past 4 years
 Tremendous increase in telecom density
 Big takeoff expected with rollout of 3G
 Today in India there are more than 105 million landline & 40
million mobiles owners
 Amazing innovations to be happen in future which will change the
look of computing & communication
 Small monitoring devices called motes are spearheading what the
future of computing & communication is going to look like
 Fast emerging grid computing & grid protocols which will allow
us to link almost anything
 Although the power of better communication is also utilised by
antisocial & terrorists
 Human life is becoming more busy & complicated
 Privacy is getting threatened
 Apart from all negative issues telecommunication facilities will
continue to become better,faster,affordable & above all
universally accepted
THANK YOU

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