Functioning PRIs in Odisha

Report
FUNCTIONING OF
PANCHAYATI RAJ INSTITUTIONS IN ODISHA
Presented by
Swapneswar Baya
IAS, (Retd.), Former Commissioner-cum-Secretary
Panchayati Raj Department, Govt. of Odisha.
Constitution
State Act
Central Act
73rd
•
Amendment
• PESA Act
Rules
Executive Instructions
• O. Zilla Parishad Act
• O. Panchayat Samiti
Act
• O. Grama Panchayat
Act
Important Features of 73rd Amendment :
•
5 Year tenure
•
Gram Sabha
•
Three-tier Structure
•
Regular Elections
•
Reservation of Seats for SCs/STs
•
Reservation of Seats for Women
•
Planning for Economic Development and
Social justice
State Election Commission
State Finance Commission.
•
•
Important Features of PESA
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Approval of Plans, Programmes,
Project selection, Selection of
beneficiaries & issue of UCs
Marketing & Ownership of MFP
Enforcement of Prohibition &
Sale of Intoxicant
Regulation of Money Lending
Transfer of Tribal Land
Control of Village Markets
Management of Water bodies
Minor Minerals
Devolution is complete with transfer of
•
Functions – 18 subjects out of 29
subjects
•
Functionary – adequate at Panchayat
Samiti level.
•
Fund – Panchayat Samiti and Grama
Panchayats implement projects &
programmes.
Odisha Grama Panchayat Act 1964 – Grama Sabha
•
Grama – All revenue villages situated within the
jurisdiction of G.P. (Section – 3)
•
Grama Sasan – Total voters of all revenue
villages within a G.P. (Section - 4)
•
Grama Sabha – Meeting of all voters of all
revenue villages within a G.P. (Section – 5)
Odisha Grama Panchayat Act 1964 – Palli Sabha
•
Voters of a revenue village constitute
Palli Sabha.
•
In practise Palli Sabha in Odisha
functions as Grama Sabha as intended
in the constitution and PESA Act.
All funds received from own sources, Central Govt., State
Govt. and other sources constitute :•
Gram Panchayat Fund
•
Panchayat Samiti Fund
•
Zilla Parishad Fund
Sources of Fund
•
Own tax & non tax
•
External Sources

Devolution of Fund – Central Finance
Commission and State Finance
Commission.

Transfer of Fund by Central Govt.

Transfer of Fund by State Govt.

Other Sources like Loan, World Bank &
Donations etc.
Management of Fund
•
Fund is to be managed as per decision of
the Gram Panchayat, Panchayat Samiti &
Zilla Parishad.
•
However sanctioning authority prescribed
guidelines for utilization of fund.
•
Panchayats have limited scope for utilization
of fund as per own decision.
Grama Panchayat -
Fund is jointly managed by Sarpanch and
the Executive Officer as per Odisha
Grama Panchayat Rules.
Panchayat Samiti -
Block Development Officer is responsible
for management of fund as per Panchayat
Samiti Accounting Procedure Rule.
Zilla Parishad -
Executive Officer authorised for the
purpose manages fund as per Zilla
Parishad Rule
Audit :•
Annual Audit of the Accounts of Grama
Panchayat and Panchayat Samiti is
conducted by Local Fund Audit.
•
Accountant General conducts test audits of
accounts of Grama Panchayat and
Panchayat Samiti.
Things which matter in utilization of funds :•
Timely convening of Palli Sabha, Grama Sabha,
Grama Panchayat Meeting, Panchayat Samiti
Meeting and Zilla Parishad Meeting.
•
Timely approval of Projects and selection of
executant at appropriate level.
•
Clear Guidelines.
•
Adequate supporting staff.
•
Coordination among elected representatives,
officers & public.
Areas which can be further strengthened for efficient
functioning of PRIs
•
Computerization of DRDA, Panchayat Samiti should
be extended up to Grama Panchayat level.
•
Package should be prepared for preparation of
estimate and bill through computer.
•
Benefits provided to beneficiaries should be made
available in the web site of the district and block.
•
All payments should be made to the accounts of the
payee.
Contd…..
•
Training of Executive Officer of Grama
Panchayat and Addl. Block Development
officers for block should be taken up for
efficent management of fund.
•
Social Audit should be strengthened.
•
Capacity Building of elected representatives
should be strengthened.
Looking ahead …..
Citizen
Centric
Governance
Pro-poor &
Pro-PRI mind set
Accountability
Accessibility
Transparency
Entertainment
& information
e-Panchayat
Knowledge based
Decision support
System
Women
Empowerment
Tribal
Empowerment
Project
Monitoring
Community
mobilization
Tracking of
Village Development
funds
Sustainable
Livelihood
Security
Effective Devolution of 3Fs and Rural Prosperity through PRIs

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