Malkangiri district - Odisha (PARIVARTTAN)

Report
Revitalizing Rainfed Agriculture
Network Malkangiri
Background, Context
and Design
RRA NETWORK , MALKANGIRI
• Evolved in the context of MGNREGS and OTELP - the
opportunity to make a district level impact – evolved over an
year long consultations and exchanges of ideas among the
CSOs, District Administration and Line departments.
• Intended to be an open network and a process of engagement
of stakeholders in Malkangiri to promote collaboration and
partnerships in the development of the district.
• The network intends to bring in integration of various
mainstream programs and make them effective and efficient,
and to get the community in control over such public
investment decisions and development processes.
• Taken up Gram Panchayat as a unit for planning and
development and integration of various mainstream programs
Scale of Program with District
Administration
S.N. Deatails
No. of Gram
1 Panchayats
2No.of villages
3No. of households
4Upland
5mid land
6low land
Qty
Units
No.
14
268
12414
18795.301
17629.806
7417.488
No.
No.
Acres
Acres
acres
Integration of Schemes/Programs
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
MGNREGS
RKVY
IAP
NFSM
ATMA
NHM
ISOPOM
JALANIDHI YOJANA ( Irrigation)
OTELP
FISHERY DEVELOPMENT
.. Etc.
Situation analysis of Seed Systems in
Malkangiri
•
•
•
•
Non-formal seed system is predominant.
Farmers use farm saved seed.
No community seed storage system exists.
Private Seed Market:
Private seed sector has limited scope in Malkangiri district. The
market restricted to Vegetables, Maize, Hybrid paddy. They have
also market non-certified, non-branded groundnut seeds and paddy
seeds procured from neighbor districts of Andhra Pradesh. Farmers
who access the seed from private shops are from good financial
background and have irrigation facility. However private market is
only source for vegetable seed in the region.
• Subsidy seed supply by Agri. Dept:
Agriculture department supply HYV of paddy viz., 1010,1001, 1009
and Naveen to eligible farmers. Majority of farmers reuse this seed.
Situation analysis of Livestock
• Going by the findings of this exercise 83% and
39% of the families maintained cattle and
buffaloes respectively.
• Also 94% of the families kept BYP, 28% of the
participant families had goats and 33% of the
total participants maintained pigs.
• Thus 80% and 8% of the families maintained
cattle and buffaloes respectively. Also 72%of the
families kept BYP, 28%of the participant families
had goats and 28% of the total participants
maintained pigs.
Situation Analysis of Potential Water Bodies:
• Nearly 85 pond owners carry out fisheries and related activities in a
limited manner.
• Potential of water under utilized
• Average production for year 2011-12 was 50 kg per acre that has
potential to enhance up to 415 kg per acre.
• Non availability of quality seed &.mostly pond owner buy it from
local agents who delivers at tank sites, but farmers doesn’t have any
knowledge to verify the seed quality.
• Farmers not aware of scientific knowledge and ignorant of basic
management practices.
• But the water bodies have potential for the fishery based activities.
• whereas all hire local Bengali people for fish catch. No one is having
ice box to sell fish in local market. Other rearing related challenge is
that they do not provide feed to the fishes and do not practice
cleaning of pond before season starts. The details of each unit of
ponds are attached with this plan.
Project Strategies & Approach for First
Phase (2012-13)
• Initiated comprehensive pilot programs in 9 GPs of 5
Blocks with 9 NGOs.
• Five NGOs takes up one thematic area each like – Soil,
Seed, Water, Livestock and Fisheries.
• Evolve GP level plans with help from the RRA – Support
Organisations
• Four NGOs initiated integration of all themes in select
GPs as Comprehensive Pilot programs.
• Scaled up programs on SRI (211 hect), Fisheries (185
individual and 11 community Water bodies) and Millets
(160 hect) across the district in collaboration with Dept
of Agriculture and Dept of Fisheries.
Key Activities Plan & under taken (SRI
&Millet)
• Scaled up / Promoted SRI in 33 Villages
spread out in 9 GPs
• No. of farmers adopted SRI – 820
• Area covered under – 211.3 hect
• Promoted Ragi in 160 hect covering 800
farmers from 65 villages
• Promoted small millet(Suan)- 50 hectares ,
250 farmers from 65 villages.
Soil health improvement
• Awareness building soil Health Measures and
input.
• Introduced Biomass based manures – 1563
farmers practicing.
• Practicing green-manuring for the irrigated
lands - 2044 farmers
• Demonstrate a model compost pits in the
farm and at the households - 150 nos .
Community Managed Seed System:
• Formation of seed production groups - 20
• Establishment of community managed seed bank
at GP level -12
• Collection of seed from farmers for seed banks 4
varieties of paddy , collected 7.37 Quintals.
• Capacity building of selected progressive farmersinformal seed production.
Diversification of crops initiative
• Facilitated diversified base crops
• 5 vegetable growers cooperative promoted in
the GPs
• 1000 vegetable cooperative members
involved in vegetable cultivation, grading and
collective marketing.
Key Activities Plan & taken-Livestock
• Vaccination and de- warming
camps - 76 nos (37800
animals).
• Promotion of backyard
poultry – 5 vill ( 76 members
from 42 SHGs).
• Each members earn Rs. 1500
– 2000/• Fodder Grass demonstration 4
• Promotion of shelter –4
• Girkanpalli GP of Kalimela
block submitted GP level
perspective plan to district
Collector on livestock.
Fisheries Initiative
• Participatory Mapping of potential water bodies in
the GPs. – (547potential water bodies identified in 9
GPs).
• Fish production initiated- 197 water bodies –
Individual – 185 tanks & Community tanks – 11
• Fingerlings stocked – 190800.
• Women SHGs involved in Fish Production activities 3 nos.
• Capacity building on Fishery production for farmers
on fishery management.
Learning….
• Quality Seed remain the basic
point of intervention for
fishery sector /seed alone
could ensure a rapid transition
and transformation of small
water bodies into most valued
fish production.
• Handholding Support to
farmers (Technical input /feed
management ) enhances fish
production .
• Largely quality fish seed
dependence on private seed
suppliers hampers desired fish
production.
• Transportation of seed from
long distance causes high
mortality.
Learning
• Demonstrating of SRI in few
pockets of villages and GPs
will not enhance farmer’s
productivity, for better
productivity SRI need to be
upscale in large way out.
• Demonstration of SRI paddy
crop encouraged
neighbouring farmers for
the multiplications
• Principle is not only means
of enhancing production,
but practicing
minimum
standards make a farmers
harvested 20-25 quintals
per acre.
Learning cont……….
• Private fish seed supplier
provides fish seed or fingerling
of mixed breed that cannot be
controlled at that point given
these factors of seed supply.
• Developing inlands fisheries
sector in rain fed agriculture
areas, there is need for
dissemination of information
relating to improved fishing
techniques and efficient post
harvest techniques.
• Access to credit and services,
control and access over
productive
resource
like
ponds.
• Inclusions of gender into
fishery activities enhance
economy of women members.
C: Institutional Arrangement & Support System
• Formation & strengthening of Producers
groups & cooperatives.
• Community seed bank.
• Capacity Building training (inputs)
• Farmers Resource centre
• Support from Node, Secretariat
Analysis & Reflection:
• Scale up & Demonstration – Soil Health, SRI,
Fishery.
• Convergence /promote - SRI & Millet
• Established Institutional arrangement with
District Administration
• Established Farmers Resource centers in the
District (running from Govt. Building).
• Formation of district monitoring committee
Moving Towards 2nd Phase (2013-2014)
Two District Level Programs:
a) Realising fisheries potential in 50 Gram
Panchayats (50% of the district) – (integrating
MGNREGS, ATMA, RKVY and Fisheries
Development)
b) Enhancing Food Security : Through Integrated
Productivity Improvement of Cereal & Millet
Production Systems (integration of all programs)
Realizing Fisheries Potential in Malkangiri
Fisheries Department
Technical & Financial support
District
RRA Program
(Process & Services)
Fisheries Resource Center
Block level Fisheries Officer
Gram
Panchayat
Fisheries Resource Person
Trained at CIFA
PROGRAM:
50 GPs
50 water bodies / GP
= 2500 water bodies
@ approx Rs.15000 per
each
Potential gross income :
Rs.3.75 cr
One Fingerling
Production farmer
• Fish fry – support
• Nets (for own use and hiring)
Fish farmer
• MGNREGS :
• Renovation of pond
• Technical training
• Growth Monitoring support
• Marketing (at later stage)
Enhancing Food Security : Through Integrated Productivity
Improvement of Cereal & Millet Production Systems
• Proposed in 14 Gram Panchayats
• Community Based Organisations (Farmers Groups/ Coops, SHGs
etc.) + GP platform at GP level
• Plans at Gram Panchayat
• Facilitated by the NGOs with a Joint Secretariat between RRAMalkangiri network & the District Administration
• Plans funded by various district level programs/ schemes
• Funds routed to Gram Panchayat and implemented by the
respective Producer Groups/ organisations
• Technical support from the Line Departments & National RRA
Network’s Thmatic Nodes.
• Increase productivity and production of crops by about 40%
• Securing crops against climate variability
Landscape based Planning/ Interventions:
DONGAR
Intervention
Land treatment
Poddar
Bera
Possibility in Podar
(Medium land)
Land treatment where
required
Green manure, biomass
enhancement, green leaf
manure and Compost
Yes
Possibility in Bera
(Low land)
Safe discharge
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
SRI in Paddy---------
Yes
SRI – Ragi & Paddy &
suan (little millet)
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Possibility in Dongar
(Up) land
moisture conservationLand treatment
Soil Productivity improvement Compost & biomass
enhancement
Appropriate, diverse and
Yes
quality seed
Farm ponds and protective
No
irrigation
Easing Draft power constraints
System of Rice/ root
Intensification
Liquid manures and biopesticides
Implements – for increased
labour productivity
Others..
SRI – for millets
Green manure,
green leaf manure
and Compost
Yes
Yes
Focus on Establishing Support Systems At GP Level
• Seed systems at GP level – Managed by farmers’ groups and linked
to Agrl Dept and KVKs.
• Custom hiring centers for implements/ small machines & other
equipment
• Nurseries : chick rearing (BYP), Fish fingerlings rearing, vegetables,
biomass
• Livestock primary health care systems (preventive vaccination in
particular)
• Making sustainable agriculture inputs (bio-pesticides, liquid
manures etc., available through local enterprises)
• Aggregation and market services
• Climate & market information centers : weather forecasting
services,
• Trained Community Resource Persons : Para-hydro-geologists (for
groundwater), crop management, SRI, livestock health workers.
Way Ahead
• Received invitation from District collector of
Kandhamal District to start a Pilot with district
administration in 1 GP in this Karif.
• Proposal in progress.
Thank

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