Case Study of Imperialized Country: Portugal imperializes Mozambique BY: MELISSA JACOBS General Information Country: Portugal Mozambique Location: Europe Africa Time Period/ Years: 1752-1975 1752-1975 Rulers/ Leaders: António de Oliveira Salazar and Vasco da Gama Julius Nyere re and Eduardo Mondlane Population: 3 Million 600,000 What prompted Portugal to imperialize Mozambique? Portugal sent Vasco da Gama to explore Mozambique. He found Mozambique useful. Portugal could gain another trade route, more slaves to increase the slave trade, mine gold and gain more territory. Geopolitical Reasons and Results: Reasons: Portugal’s geopolitical reasons for imperializing Mozambique was the want for a new trade route, a new port, and a new route for the trading of slaves. Results: The results of the geopolitical reasons were the slave trade booms, Portugal gains a new port and a new trade route. Maps Economic Reasons and Results: Reasons: The economic reasons for Portugal imperializing Mozambique were so that Portugal could expand its trading post, expand the slave trade, force Mozambique citizens to work for cheap, and to gain more slaves. Results: The result was that the slave trade booms until it was banned in 1869, Portugal gained a new port, Portugal had people working for very cheap to make goods. PROFIT = PRICE SOLD AT – (CAPITAL) If capitals is less the bigger the profit you get. Social Reasons and Results: Reasons: The social reasons for Portugal imperializing Mozambique was the want to spread the Portuguese language and the Christianity faith. Results: The social result of Portugal imperializing Mozambique was that Portuguese becomes their official language and the Christianity faith becomes one of the top practiced religions in Mozambique. Social Results of Imperialism Religion in Mozambique Language 100% 40% 40% Portuguese 20% Information from U.S. Department of State Christian Muslim Other Political Reasons and Results: Reasons: The political reasons for Portugal to imperialize Mozambique was to modernize Mozambique and teach them the methods of the Portugal government. Results: The result was that Mozambique now has a similar government as Portugal does, three branches and a constitution. How Portugal took over and maintain control over Mozambique: Portugal could easily colonize and control Mozambique because it took direct control. Mozambique was so severely under developed it could not protect itself from Portugal. Mozambique had to no military to defend itself. Portugal also helped Mozambique become modernized making themselves not look totally terrible to the citizens of Mozambique. They built railroads, hospitals and schools. In 1926 Salazar demanded to have a military dictatorship over Mozambique. Portugal also made their power over the citizens know. An example is the farmers that were imprisoned in 1959 for trying to own their own farms which was going against the Portugal’s rule. Resistance Grows: Mozambique wasn’t happy about Portugal imperializing them. Farmers broke out against the Portugal’s rule and tried to own their own farms but they were quickly imprisoned. Mozambique citizens such as Julius Nyere re and Eduardo Mondlane started the originization FRELIMO which is liberation group for Mozambique. Violence is the only answer the citizens of Mozambique concur. On September 25, 1964 the first shots were fired between Portugal and Mozambique. The war lasts from 1964-1975 Freedom On June 25, 1975 Mozambique declares freedom from the Portugal rule. Bibliography Works Cited Greene, Kim, and Don Greene. “Mozambique Home.” Quest Connect. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2010. <http://www.questconnect.org/africa_Mozambique.htm#Ethnic Groups>. Harry, Tim. “Effects of Portuguese imperializm in Africa.” Helium. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2010. <http://www.helium.com/items/1127662-portugal-in-africa?page=2>. History World. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2010. <http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab48>. “Mozambique.” State University. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2010. <http://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/1027/Mozambique-HISTORYBACKGROUND.html>. “Portugal.” US Department of State. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2010. <http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3208.htm>. Vlahakis, Geroge. Imperialism and Science: Social Impact and Interaction. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO Inc, 2006. Google Books. Web. 20 Oct. 2010. <http://books.google.com/books?id=LYbbZHvtJi8C&pg=PA51&lpg=PA51&dq=portugal+leade rs+in+imperialism&source=bl&ots=dmRJgUiDiv&sig=P6l3jlBppCY7FJ7suyq1GoFaXs&hl=en&ei=Qge_TOy0DsH7lwerssjmBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved =0CBwQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q&f=false>.