The BIG 5 Basic Literacy Skills

Report
Stacie Phillips
[email protected]
THE BIG FIVE!
1. Phonemic Awareness
THE BIG FIVE!
1. Phonemic Awareness
2. The Alphabetic Principle & Basic
Phonics
THE BIG FIVE!
1. Phonemic Awareness
2. The Alphabetic Principle & Basic
Phonics
3. Fluency
THE BIG FIVE!
1. Phonemic Awareness
2. The Alphabetic Principle & Basic
Phonics
3. Fluency
4. Comprehension
THE BIG FIVE!
1. Phonemic Awareness
2. The Alphabetic Principle & Basic
Phonics
3. Fluency
4. Comprehension
5. Vocabulary
1.PHONEMIC AWARENESS
1.PHONEMIC AWARENESS
• The awareness of the sounds (phonemes)
that make up spoken words.
1.PHONEMIC AWARENESS
• The awareness of the sounds (phonemes)
that make up spoken words.
• The ability is not necessary for speaking and
understanding spoken language.
1.PHONEMIC AWARENESS
• The awareness of the sounds (phonemes)
that make up spoken words.
• The ability is not necessary for speaking and
understanding spoken language.
• It is important for learning to read!
WHAT IS A PHONEME?
WHAT IS A PHONEME?
A minimal sound unit of speech that , when
contrasted with another phoneme, affects the
meaning of words in a language.
PHONEME= 1 SOUND!
THE PHONOLOGICAL UMBRELLA!
Top of umbrella=
Large units like words,
syllables, and onset and rime
Being Aware of Language!
THE PHONOLOGICAL UMBRELLA!
Top of umbrella=
Large units like words,
syllables, and onset and rime
Middle of umbrella=
Phonemic Awareness
Being Aware of Language!
THE PHONOLOGICAL UMBRELLA!
Top of umbrella=
Large units like words,
syllables, and onset and rime
Middle of umbrella=
Phonemic Awareness
Bottom of umbrella=
Small units, isolate, identify, categorize, segment, blend
Being Aware of Language!
WHY IS PHONEMIC
AWARENESS IMPORTANT?
WHY IS PHONEMIC
AWARENESS IMPORTANT?
• It is easier to segment syllables than it is
to segment phonemes.
WHY IS PHONEMIC
AWARENESS IMPORTANT?
• It is easier to segment syllables than it is
to segment phonemes.
• There is a strong relationship between
phonemic awareness and reading
performance.
WHY IS PHONEMIC
AWARENESS IMPORTANT?
• It is easier to segment syllables than it is
to segment phonemes.
• There is a strong relationship between
phonemic awareness and reading
performance.
• Phonemic awareness predicts reading
success better than age, socioeconomic
status, and IQ.
HOW DO WE MEASURE
PHONEMIC AWARENESS?
HOW DO WE MEASURE
PHONEMIC AWARENESS?
• Asking students whether two words
rhyme.
HOW DO WE MEASURE
PHONEMIC AWARENESS?
• Asking students whether two words
rhyme.
• Using sound-to-word matching and
blending.
HOW DO WE MEASURE
PHONEMIC AWARENESS?
• Asking students whether two words
rhyme.
• Using sound-to-word matching and
blending.
• Isolating individual phonemes.
HOW DO WE MEASURE
PHONEMIC AWARENESS?
• Asking students whether two words
rhyme.
• Using sound-to-word matching and
blending.
• Isolating individual phonemes.
• Segmenting a word into all its
component phonemes.
How Can We Improve
Phonemic Awareness?
How Can We Improve
Phonemic Awareness?
• Provide practice segmenting
spoken words.
How Can We Improve
Phonemic Awareness?
• Provide practice segmenting
spoken words.
• Use spelling activities.
How Can We Improve
Phonemic Awareness?
• Provide practice segmenting
spoken words.
• Use spelling activities.
• Provide literature that focuses
on playing with sounds through
rhyme, alliteration, etc.
2. ALPHABETIC PRINCIPLE
& BASIC PHONICS
2. ALPHABETIC PRINCIPLE
& BASIC PHONICS
The assumption that each
speech sound should have its
own distinctive graphic
representation.
WHY IS THE ALPHABETIC
PRINCIPLE IMPORTANT?
WHY IS THE ALPHABETIC
PRINCIPLE IMPORTANT?
It is the foundation of any
alphabetic writing system.
WHY IS THE ALPHABETIC
PRINCIPLE IMPORTANT?
It is the foundation of any
alphabetic writing system.
It plays a critical role in
beginning reading.
WHY IS THE ALPHABETIC
PRINCIPLE IMPORTANT?
It is the foundation of any
alphabetic writing system.
It plays a critical role in
beginning reading.
It is the foundation of learning to
spell.
WHY IS THE ALPHABETIC
PRINCIPLE IMPORTANT?
It is the foundation of any
alphabetic writing system.
It plays a critical role in
beginning reading.
It is the foundation of learning to
spell.
Automaticity needs to be
reached.
BASIC PHONICS
BASIC PHONICS
A way of teaching reading and
spelling that stresses symbolsound relationships, used
especially in beginning
instruction.
HOW SHOULD PHONICS BE
TAUGHT?
HOW SHOULD PHONICS BE
TAUGHT?
1. Phonics should be taught systematically.
HOW SHOULD PHONICS BE
TAUGHT?
1. Phonics should be taught systematically.
2. Skills should be taught in a planned
sequence.
HOW SHOULD PHONICS BE
TAUGHT?
1. Phonics should be taught systematically.
2. Skills should be taught in a planned
sequence.
3.There needs to be a deliberate and sequential
focus on building and using the relationship
between sounds and letter symbols to help
readers decode new words.
MODELING PHONICS
INSTRUCTION
MODELING PHONICS
INSTRUCTION
• The best texts for modeling are high interest or
informational.
MODELING PHONICS
INSTRUCTION
• The best texts for modeling are high interest or
informational.
• Independent practice helps readers build the
connection between symbols and sounds.
MODELING PHONICS
INSTRUCTION
• The best texts for modeling are high interest or
informational.
• Independent practice helps readers build the
connection between symbols and sounds.
• Phonics skills should then be applied to
authentic reading and writing experiences to
help develop good decoding skills.
3. FLUENCY
3. FLUENCY
• The clear, easy, written or
spoken expression of ideas.
3. FLUENCY
• The clear, easy, written or
spoken expression of ideas.
• Freedom from word
identification problems.
WHY IS BEING A FLUENT READER
SO IMPORTANT?
“Fluency is a
bridge between
word recognition and
comprehension.”
Stacie, could you site the quote please?
HOW DO WE INCREASE FLUENCY
IN READING?
HOW DO WE INCREASE FLUENCY
IN READING?
1. Model Fluent Reading
HOW DO WE INCREASE FLUENCY
IN READING?
1. Model Fluent Reading
2. Do Repeated Readings
HOW DO WE INCREASE FLUENCY
IN READING?
1. Model Fluent Reading
2. Do Repeated Readings
3. Promote Phrased Reading
HOW DO WE INCREASE FLUENCY
IN READING?
1.
2.
3.
4.
Model Fluent Reading
Do Repeated Readings
Promote Phrased Reading
Provide Extra Tutoring
HOW DO WE INCREASE FLUENCY
IN READING?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Model Fluent Reading
Do Repeated Readings
Promote Phrased Reading
Provide Extra Tutoring
Reader’s Theater
4. COMPREHENSION
4. COMPREHENSION
A process in which a
reader constructs
meaning from text.
HOW DO WE COMPREHEND
MATERIAL?
HOW DO WE COMPREHEND
MATERIAL?
1. Prior knowledge
HOW DO WE COMPREHEND
MATERIAL?
1. Prior knowledge
2. Information from text
HOW DO WE COMPREHEND
MATERIAL?
1. Prior knowledge
2. Information from text
3. Stance taken in relationship to
the text
HOW DO WE COMPREHEND
MATERIAL?
1. Prior knowledge
2. Information from text
3. Stance taken in relationship to
the text
4. Construction of meaning
1. Multiple Choice Quizzes
1. Multiple Choice Quizzes
2. Timelines
1. Multiple Choice Quizzes
2. Timelines
3. Pictures
1.
2.
3.
4.
Multiple Choice Quizzes
Timelines
Pictures
Open-Ended Questions
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Multiple Choice Quizzes
Timelines
Pictures
Open-Ended Questions
Cloze Passages
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Multiple Choice Quizzes
Timelines
Pictures
Open-Ended Questions
Cloze Passages
Retells
How can we assess reading
comprehension?
REVIEW OF THE FIVE
LITERACY SKILLS
REVIEW OF THE FIVE
LITERACY SKILLS
1. Phonemic Awareness
REVIEW OF THE FIVE
LITERACY SKILLS
1.Phonemic Awareness
2.The Alphabetic Principle
and Basic Phonics
REVIEW OF THE FIVE
LITERACY SKILLS
1.Phonemic Awareness
2.The Alphabetic Principle
and Basic Phonics
3.Fluency
REVIEW OF THE FIVE
LITERACY SKILLS
1. Phonemic Awareness
2. The Alphabetic Principle
and Basic Phonics
3. Fluency
4. Vocabulary
REVIEW OF THE FIVE
LITERACY SKILLS
1. Phonemic Awareness
2. The Alphabetic Principle and
Basic Phonics
3. Fluency
4. Vocabulary
5. Comprehension
Questions??
Stacie, if you are willing,
could you provide your email
address here again? I could
also set you up with an
@tlcliteracy.org email
account if you like.
5. VOCABULARY
The growth of a
person’s stock of
known words and
meanings.

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