CPS: The Big Picture Jane Burstain, Senior Policy Analyst

Report
Permanency for Children in Texas
State Custody: The Big Picture
Jane Burstain, Senior Policy Analyst
[email protected]
1
Texas Has a Fast Growing Child
Population, Many of Whom
Live in Poverty
Child Population up by 18%
5,650,627
6,663,942
Child Population
Children in Poverty
Child Poverty up by 40%
1,751,000
1,254,000
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Source: DFPS databooks (child pop); KIDS Count (child poverty)
2
Children Coming into CPS in 2011
6.7 million children in Texas
1.8 million children in poverty
297,971 alleged victims of abuse and
neglect investigated
50,597 (72%)
Family Based Safety
Services
(no children removed)
70,196 children in
cases opened for
CPS services
19,599 (28%)
Substitute Care
(at least 1 child in family
removed)
Source: DFPS 2011 Databook and Texas KIDS Count
CPS Reform
• Governor’s executive order in 2004 to
start comprehensive reform of CPS
• 79th Legislature (2005) enacts SB 6 with
focus on improving investigations
• 80th Legislature (2007) enacts SB 758
with focus on keeping children safe at
home
• 81st (2009) and 82nd (2011) Legislature
continue reforms with focus on improving
permanency
CPS Reform – Keeping Kids
Safe at Home
• Family Group Decision Making at all
stages
• More FBSS caseworkers and family
support services
• Enhanced Family Centered Safety
Decision Making
• Statutory and policy structure for parental
child safety placements
5
Children Are More Likely to
Receive Family Based
Safety Services
Of Children on Cases Opened, Percentage
Receiving Family Based Safety Services
72%
69%
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
Source: DFPS databooks and DFPS data
2010
2011
6
Family Based Safety
Services Are Successful at
Preventing a Removal
Children in FBSS
FBSS removals
87,537
60,540
4,313
3,805
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
Source: DFPS data
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Texas Removal Rate Lower
Than US Average
Removals per 1,000 children in population
4.2
3.4
US
Texas
2.7
2.4
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
Source: AFCARS
2008
2009
2010
2011
CPS Reform – Improving
Permanency
• Using relative caregivers
• Financial support while child is in CPS
custody
• Permanency Care Assistance program for
relatives who take PMC
• Dedicated kinship caseworkers
9
CPS Reform – Improving
Permanency
• Increasing adoptions
• Project PUSH and specialized adoption units to
help expedite adoption process
• Revamp of Texas Adoption Resource Exchange
(TARE) - works more like internet match sites
• Prospective families create on-line profile and attach
home study
• Immediate notification to family if child they are
interested in does not seem like a good match
• Caseworkers can see what types of children families
are interested in and send them suggestions
• TARE recently awarded “Best in Texas Award” and
“2012 Digital Government Achievement Award”
10
CPS Reform – Improving
Permanency
• Permanency for children in PMC without
termination of parental rights
• Review all permanency options at every
placement review hearing (TFC§263.503)
• Project PMC to Permanency – focus on
permanency for children under 6 years old
11
Children Are More Likely
to Exit to Permanency
Exits to Permanent Home
(Reunify, Relative PMC or Adoption)
91%
85%
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Source: DFPS databooks and data warehouse report PP_20 – 2012 is data
available as of September 7, 2012
Older Youth Are More Likely
to Exit to Permanency
Exits to Permanency for Youth 14 or Older at
Time of Exit
50%
43%
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Source: Data warehouse report PP_20 – 2012 is data available as of September 7,
2012
Permanency Fairly
Consistent Around the State
Exits to Permanency in 2011
86%
88%
89%
89%
89%
90%
90%
90%
91%
91%
92%
1
9
2
11
8
6
7
10
5
3
4
Region
Source: DFPS databook
State Avg
90%
Increase in Permanency
Driven Primarily by
Relatives
43%
34%
33%
33%
Relative (PMC or
Adopt)
Reunification
Non-Relative
Adopt
19%
15%
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Source: DFPS databooks and data warehouse report PP_20 – 2012 is data
available as of September 7, 2012
Moving Children out of
PMC
Children in PMC at End of Fiscal Year
51%
42%
40%
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Source: DFPS data warehouse report PP_03 – 2012 is data available as of
September 7, 2012
Children in PMC Varies
by Region
Children in PMC at End of 2012
51%
State Avg
40%
41% 41% 42%
32% 33%
11
7
39% 40%
38%
38%
36%
4
5
3
2
Region
8
10
1
9
6
Source: DFPS data warehouse report PP_03 – 2012 is data available as of
September 7, 2012
Fewer Children in DFPS
Custody Long Term
Children in DFPS Custody for 3 or More Years at
End of Fiscal Year
6094
5329
4554
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Source: DFPS data warehouse report PP_01 – 2012 is data available as of
September 7, 2012
More than 1,300 Youth
Aging Out Every Year
1529
1361
1189
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Source: DFPS databooks and data warehouse report PP_20 – 2012 is data
available as of September 7, 2012
Permanency: Moving Forward
• Improving child’s well-being while in care
• Improve educational stability and outcomes
• Imbed Trauma Informed Care into practice so
child’s needs are met
• Foster care redesign to keep children closer to
home and with their siblings
• Continued focus on reducing psychotropic
medication use
Permanency: Moving Forward
• Finding a forever home for every child
• Permanency Roundtables to support creative, child specific
permanency options
• Possible Title IV-E Waiver to support permanency
• Foster care redesign to get children to safe and appropriate
permanency faster
• Diligent recruitment grant with CASA to recruit potential
foster and adoptive families
• Regions 3 (Dallas), 4 (Tyler) and 5 (Beaumont)
• Advisory Committee on Promoting Adoption of Minority
Children
• Partnered with Texas Disproportionality Task Force, faith-based
communities and Casey Family Programs to host community
adoption forums
CPS Budget for 2014-15
• Base budget of $2.4 billion for 2014-15
– Overall increase of about 4% from 2012-13
• Estimated spending for 2012 and budget for 2013
– LBB instructions include caseload growth only for
foster care, adoption subsidies and permanency
care assistance
– 2% drop in funding for direct delivery staff due to
loss in federal Title IV-E funding
• Projected increase in caseloads for investigations,
family based safety services and conservatorship as
compared to 2013
Source: DFPS Legislative Appropriations Request
$140 Million GR Requested
for CPS Exceptional Items
Restore PEI,
PAL and
adoption
services,
$35 million
Enhance CPS
staff and
services,
$69 million
Maintain CPS
staff and
services,
$36 million
Source: DFPS Legislative Appropriations Request

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