The Importance of Copyright I’m just a kid working on a project, why should I care about copyright? What is copyright? • The legal ability of the author/creator of a work to: – Assert ownership of the work – Profit from its use – Protect it from uses that might diminish its value What do we mean by author or creator? • • • • • Writer of books – fiction or non-fiction Writer of music and lyrics Photographer Videographer Artist – Painter – Sculptor What do we mean by work? • • • • • • Book Magazine Newsletter Photograph Music lyrics Music melody • • • • • • Painting Sculpture Drawing Flim Video Computer programming What forms can the work take? • • • • • • • Printed page Sound recording Video recording Photograph Painting/drawing Sculpture Anything else tangible – A melody in your head isn’t copyrighted until written down or recorded I know the perfect song for my 4-H video project. Can I use it? • It depends – Is it in the Public Domain? – Did you receive permission from the copyright owner? – Is it your own, original work? • If you can answer “yes” to any of those questions, you might be able to use it But I paid for the download. Isn’t it mine? • You paid to download for your personal enjoyment • Any republication, such as putting the music under a video that you post to You Tube or show to others may be a copyright violation I hear music under You Tube videos all the time. How does that happen? • You Tube does have a way to use music that has been pre-approved – Here’s a link http://www.google.com/support/youtube/bin/answer.py ?hl=en&answer=94316 – Here’s You Tube’s general Copyright Policy http://www.youtube.com/t/howto_copyright I really want to use the music I’ve chosen. Are there any other ways? • You can try to get permission – Copyright owner is listed on CDs • © 2011 Green Tree Music – For downloads • On I-Tunes the copyright owner is usually listed in the upper left corner of the album listing, just below the cover artwork and price • Other online sources vary Ok, I know who owns the copyright, now what? • Do an internet search on the copyright holder to find contact information. • Write a short letter describing how/why you want to use the music…that is 4-H project, school project, etc. Be clear you aren’t selling anything. Ask for permission. • Don’t make it a fan letter. Remember the copyright holder is the writer, not always the same as the performer. Is there an easier way? • Expand your project a bit – Gather some musically talented friends – Write and perform your own music • It can be part of the fun of the project and You will own the copyright! I never thought of that. You mean I own the copyright to my finished project? • Absolutely! Even before it is done. Once anything has been recorded and saved in some form, even on a hard drive, it is copyrighted. • You do NOT have to register anything or claim your copyright, it happens automatically. • However, if you end up with something very special you might want to sell, seek additional advice about registration Ok, that covers music. How about using a photo or video clip I found on the Internet? • Pretty much the same process applies. • If the copyright is stated, use that to search for contact information. • If it isn’t, you’ll have to use a little detective work to try to find the owner. • If you can’t, it is safest to move on to a different photo or clip. • Remember, if you found it on the web, the owner can, as well. I’m not trying to sell someone else’s work, doesn’t that make a difference? • In short, no. There is no automatic exception for educational or non-profit purposes. • There is a concept called “Fair Use” but there are some specific rules that make it unlikely it could be employed as a defense.