2014 CDFA Update Gary Leslie CDFA County/State Liaison New Pests and Pest Programs Asian Citrus Psyllid Continues to spread in California. Quarantines have recently been expanded in Fresno, Kern, San Joaquin, San Luis Obispo, Santa Clara, Tulare Counties Parasite release have been successful in reducing population numbers. No additional sites with Huanglongbing (HLB) – only confirmed find has been the single property in Los Angeles County in 2012. Research continues on alternative HLB detection methods; however, PCR is the only federally recognized test at this time. European Grapevine Moth Only one moth trapped in 2014 (Sonoma County – outside quarantine area) Solano and portions of Napa and Sonoma released from quarantine in August 2013. 446 square miles remain under quarantine in Napa and Sonoma counties. Fruit Flies Mediterranean Fruit Fly – 52 detections in Los Angeles County resulted in quarantine which was lifted in August. Guava Fruit Fly – 9 detections (Contra Costa, Riverside, Alameda, Los Angeles, and Santa Clara Counties); MAT in Contra Costa County; no quarantine triggers reached. Oriental Fruit Fly – 29 detections (Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Diego, San Mateo, and Santa Clara Counties); 3 MAT eradication projects (Los Angeles County and 2 in San Diego County); no quarantine triggers reached. Light Brown Apple Moth Continues to spread in California In many instances spread can be directly linked the interstate movement of infested nursery stock. No plan to drop quarantine as it is still a pest of concern for many trade partners (i.e., Canada and Mexico) Japanese Beetle Seven adults trapped in Sacramento County (Carmichael and Fair Oaks) Fair Oaks finds near detections of 2011 and 2012. All properties treated. Gypsy Moth Five moths trapped in 2014 (Los Angeles, Orange, and Sacramento Counties). No additional moths detected in subsequent surveys. Larval survey planned for spring. All confirmed to be North American/European (not Asian). Cereal Leaf Beetle Detected for the first time in California in Modoc and Siskiyou Counties in 2013. Biocontrol program initiated. Exterior Quarantine (CCR 3277) repealed. Sweet Orange Scab Currently a federally actionable pest and listed as a pest of concern for some trade partners. Detected for the first time in California in Oct 2013 in Imperial County. Subsequently detected in Los Angeles and Riverside Counties Infected areas will be added to Federal Order; CDFA is using statutory authority to regulate intrastate movement. Cucumber Green Mottle Mosaic Virus A seed borne disease that affects many cucurbits and other vegetable crops. Detected for the first time in North America in Yolo County in 2013. Detected in San Joaquin County in 2014. Traceforwards/Tracebacks show extensive distribution of potentially infected seed and transplants. Egyptian Broomrape Parasitic plant with an extensive host range. Federal action pest previously undetected in North America. Detected in a single field in Solano County in 2014. The field was placed in hold and will be tarp fumigated with methyl bromide. Pest Exclusion Programs Border Stations FY 2014/2015 $3.1 million BCP approved to augment program budget. Most permanent and temp-help staffing restored. Currently operating all 16 stations. Nine are full-time and seven are part-time. High Risk Pest Exclusion $3.07 million to counties (same as last year). Partially funded pathways: Airfreight ($1.6 M) Parcels ($600k) High-risk nursery stock ($870k) Allocation of funds to pathways is the same as last year. Review if pathway analysis is being discussed. Dog Teams Currently funded at $3 million per year through farm bill. Program continues to be highly successful. This year’s farm bill proposal will be at $4 million and would fund four additional teams. Santa Clara County is engaged in pilot program to obtain warrants for USPS parcels. If successful, this warrant authority will be delegated to other counties. Commodity Inspection Inspection and Compliance Online training commodity training modules are now available (http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/is/i_&_c/standardization.html) Advocacy training was provided in summer/fall 2014. Hearing Officer Training will follow in Jan 2015. Standardization database will be available in early 2015. Farmers Market Database is under development. Inspection and Compliance AB1871 Direct Marketing/Certified Farmers’ Markets Defines and allows for penalties for misrepresenting products. Defines agricultural and non-agricultural products. Vendors must have health code compliance signage Ag products no longer allowed in “event” portion of market Commissioners may charge for inspection. Changes composition of advisory board. $2 fee stall fee for all vendors selling in and in conjunction with CFMs. Allows for CDFA to contract with CACs for inspection reimbursement. Regulations will be needed to further define and clarify enforcement of AB1871 – CDFA will work with CACASA to develop. Egg Safety and Quality Management Missouri challenge to new Shell Egg Food Safety regulations overturned. CDFA is performing audits on out-of-state producers to ensure compliance with cage and vaccination, and chick paper testing requirements. On January 1, 2015, all eggs must be labeled as being Shell Egg Safety Compliant. Egg inspection contracts were offered to eight additional counties – all but one accepted. CACs are planning a coordinated egg blitz in the near future. Licensing Exams Oral Licensing Exams Oral Exams for Commissioner, Sealer, and Deputies 11/14/2014 – 12/10/2014 in six locations: Sacramento (11/14) Los Angeles (11/18 – 11/19) Oroville (11/24 – 11/25) Fresno (12/2) Concord (12/9) Monterey (12/10) Inspector/Biologist Exams September Exam Pass Rates: Pesticide Regulation………………………..……………… 52% Investigation and Environmental Monitoring…………..… 53% Integrated Pest Management…………………………...… 40% Commodity Regulation………………………………….…. 62% Pest Prevention and Plant Regulation…………………… 29% Weight Verification………………………………………..... 35% Measurement Verification………………………………….. 27% Transaction and Product Verification……………….......... 53% Exam Improvement Working to: Review and update all written exams. Develop and update reference area at www.cdefa.ca.gov Develop on-line administration of written exams. Questions?