Strengthening the Role of Religious and Traditional Peacemakers Executive Director, Antti Pentikäinen 2 Insights on the rational - why working with religious and traditional peacemakers can be significant päiväys 3 Westgate, 2013: How to deal with Al Shabaab? How to respond? Situation should not be made worse. Extremist movements Local disputes Use of outside force Radical interpretation of religion 5 Looking back, Somalia in 2009. - Lawless country with no functional government, 15 failed peace process. Who could help? päiväys Observation 1: Continuation of the current TFG would be acceptance of a failure (From UNSC presentation 2009). 7 Observation 2: The policy of not speaking to Al Shabaab is only making situation worse (From UNSC presentation 2009). Observation 3: Without some discipline and coordinated action international community will 8 derail all peace efforts (From UNSC presentation 2009). 9 This was the situation, but how to bring peace? - Experiences of UNPOS outreach to Elders facilitated by Finn Church Aid. päiväys 10 1. Identify Elder’s Ban Ki-Moon at SC: “The process should be open and inclusive and SRSG has been working with the clan and religious leaders to reach consensus.” 11 Grassroots reconciliation became the key Conflicts have often multiple layers. Religious leaders can mediate local disputes which fuel larger conflicts. In 2010 FCA and RfP helped to resolve more than 10 local and regional conflits inside Somalia. 2. Help Elder’s to resolve local conflicts 12 Thank you. [email protected] and +358 40 5313 514 3. Help Elder’s to unite 14 4. Woman’s involvement is crucial 15 5. Help Elder’s to contribute to overall peace process päiväys 16 What next? How the Elders and Religious Leader’s could be helpful? This is doable in one year. Establishing National Guurti Help to create a consultative constitutional process Assist in elections of the TFI´s (From UNSC presentation in May 2011). 17 About the methodology, what might work? - How can we better work together in supporting local traditional and religious peacemakers? päiväys Methodology of involving traditional and religious peacemakers on the ground 18 Baseline study National reconciliation Bring key actors together Mapping of local conflicts and support their resolution Outreach and broadening the peace process Approach and advice international community Build cooperation structures Structure and activities of the new network 20 - Ideas, where tarditional and relgious peacemakers could be helpful? - Lessons learned from earlier cooperation with UN entities? - Suggestions for network: how it can be helpful? päiväys Thank you. Thank you very much!