Do No Harm (DNH) Framework The Framework for

Report
Do No Harm
A Brief Overview
Santosh Sharma
CARE Nepal
What is Do No Harm Framework?
DNH is a
analytical
framework
Provide a tool
for mapping the
interaction of aid
and conflict
Can be used to plan,
monitor and evaluate
both humanitarian and
development programs
Strengthening
Local
capacities for
peace
The framework is not
prescriptive rather it
is a descriptive tool
that help us to
Organize categories of
information important
for understanding how
aid affects conflicts
Predict the
impacts of
different
programming
decisions.
Organize information
to highlight their
actual and potential
relationships, and
In Do No Harm
Conflict – refer to negative, destructive and often violent
group or intergroup interaction. It doesn't refer to the
variety of inter-group disagreement and other form of
constructive struggle by which social change occurs.
Aid – refer to the various forms of humanitarian or
development assistance provided by local, national and
international NGOs, including governmental
organizations.
DNH -- is not a peace building tool and does not expect
development organizations to add a peace building
mandate.
DNH -- intends to help development organizations
improve doing what they are mandated to do.
Do No Harm (DNH) Framework
The Framework for understanding how aid and conflict interact
Understanding the context
of conflict
Considering or
choosing
programming
options
Analyzing dividers
•Resource Transfer
•Implicit Ethical Message
Analyzing program's
impact on C/LCP and
D/T
Analyzing connectors
Analyzing the Aid
Program
Do No Harm Framework
Context of Conflict-1
Options-6
Tensions/Dividers/Ca
pacities for War-2
AID-4
Redesign-7
Symbols and
Occasions
OR
?
Where?
What?
When?
With
whom?
By
whom?
Systems and
Institutions
Attitudes and Actions
(Shared) Values and
Interests
(Common)
Experiences
Symbols and
Occasions
OR
How?
Options-6
?
Redesign-7
(different)
Experiences
Resource Transfers/Implicit Ethical Messages-5
(Different) Values
and Interests
Why?
Resource Transfers/Implicit Ethical Messages-5
Systems and
Institutions
Attitudes and Actions
Connectors/Local
Capacities for
Peace-3
CONFLICT
MINIMIZE THE
DIVIDERS/
CAPACITIES FOR WAR
INCREASE THE ROLE OF
CONNECTORS/
LOCAL CAPACITIES
FOR PEACE (DNH)
SOCIAL INJUSTICE
POVERTY
DISCRIMINATION
POWERLESSNESS
PEACE, JUSTICE,
DIGNIFIED HUMAN
LIFE
ADDRESSING
UNDERLYING
CAUSES FOR LASTING
SOLUTIONS
Develop road
map/action plan
Review on going sectors
from DNH lens
Discuss on programming
options
Discuss the impact of aid programs
on conflict by identifying the
mechanism of RT and IEM that
comes from aid program
Identify factors to be considered
while un-packing aid program
and its importance
Define and identify
dividers and
connectors
Understand the
context of conflict
Application in the personal and
profession field
• Analysis
• Design based on dividers and
Connectors
• Sensitivity around working with
Government
• Staff identify as connectors
• Staff consider own behaviour
Application in the personal
and profession field
• Environmenal Focus
• Change in time timetable in PECs
• Better organisation of campaigns
and rallies
• Careful management of
distribution effects
• End blame culture
More Examples
• Discussion with stakeholders
on reducing tensions
• Peaceful budget negotiations
• Peaceful wage negotiations
• Combatting social exclusion
More Examples
• Discussion with stakeholders
on reducing tensions
• Peaceful budget negotiations
• Peaceful wage negotiations
• Combatting social exclusion

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