Alternative Models of Economic Diversification - FES

Report
THEME 2: Alternative Models of Economic
Diversification
Special Economic Zones models for growth:
Science Technology Parks and Research Parks
Budzanani Tacheba (PhD)
“Innovation distinguishes between a leader and a follower”
Steve Jobs (RIP), Founder and CEO, APPLE Inc.
National Policy Guidance
National Policy Guidance
• The Revised National RSTI (2012)Policy Vision
Botswana will become a globally
competitive nation with technology
development, innovation and knowledge
driven socio-economic growth.
• Vision-2016: P-2 |
Botswana will be a productive and
innovative nation
Competitiveness Indicators
You cant Manage what you don’t
Measure!
Global Competitiveness Indicators
Global Competitiveness Index –a competitiveness index
initially based on Michael Porters Business Competitiveness Index. The index measures among
others innovation inputs (government and fiscal policies, education and innovation
environments) and outputs (patents, technology transfer, R&D, business process innovation
etc…).
Global Innovation Index –is published annually since 2013 by a
partnership of three organisations, Cornell University, INSEAD graduate business school and
World Intellectual Property Rights. The indicator ranks economies policies supporting an
innovative environment and the actual innovation outputs
International Innovation Index – focussing on counties’
level of innovation two US based entities Boston Consulting Group and National Association
of Manufacturers
Botswana
GCI 2013 - 2014 ......................................................74……….4.1
GCI 2012 - 2013 (out of 144)....................... …………79………4.1
GCI 2011 - 2012 (Out of 142)……….......………………...80……..4.0
Population (millions)............................................2.0
GDP (US$ billions) .......................................... …17.6
GDP per capita (US$)...............................…………9.398
GDP (PPP) as share (%) of world total ............ …0.04
Source: World Economic
Forum Report 2013 - 2014
Botswana
GCI Country Rank
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
2006-2007
2007-2008
2008-2009
2009-2010
BWA
2010-2011
NAM
2011-2012
2012-2013
RSA
Source: World Economic
Forum Report 2013 - 2014
2013-2014
Global Innovation Index
Global Innovation Index SADC
Angola
Swaziland
Madagascar
Tanzania, United Rep.
Zambia
Lesotho
Malawi
Namibia
Mozambique
Botswana
South Africa
Seychelles
Mauritius
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
Global Innovation Index
Innovation linkages SADC
Namibia
Lesotho
Angola
Madagascar
Botswana
Zambia
South Africa
Mauritius
Swaziland
Malawi
Tanzania, United Rep.
Seychelles
Mozambique
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
Global Innovation Index
Cluster Development Concept
• Clusters are geographic concentrations of interconnected
companies, specialized suppliers, service providers, and
associated institutions in a particular field that are present
in a nation or region.
• Clusters arise because they increase the productivity with
which companies can compete.
• The development and upgrading of clusters is an important
agenda for governments, companies, and other institutions.
• Cluster development initiatives are an important new
direction in economic policy, building on earlier efforts
Source: Michael E Porter, 2008
Clustering, Innovation and Competitiveness
Source Michael Porter; 2008
Cluster Development Concept
Source Michael Porter; 2008
Cluster Development Concept
Technology
Concepts
Basic
Research
Applied Research
Products &
Services
Innovation
“Chasm”
Process
Development
Piloting/
prototyping
Up scaling
Commercial
Implementation
Universities
Science & Tech Parks
Companies
Sector focus
Regional Manufacturing Hubs &
Industry
Applied research and development
Scaling Up
Production
Industry/Companies
Pilot
Lab
Universities
&
Research Institutes
Basic Sciences
BIH
(facilitate & catalyze
Applied research,
influence public policy
Development
Commercialization
STP–SEZ and the NSI
Services
Investments
Venture Capital
Equity
SEZ-STP (Sector/Cluster
Companies)
Loans
Research Institutes
National Research Fund
Basic research
Industry
(manufacturing)
Start Ups
Universities
Grant
Banks
Technology Transfer Office
Applied research
Innovation Fund
Product development
Commercialization
Production
STP = Infrastructure + programmes
BIOTECH
ICT
ENERGY
MINING
Technology Transfer
Office
Together A More Innovative Future
MIC, BCL, KRINOVA, COHRED, LUND
Partner
Members
Full
Innovation Center
Botswana
DiData Botswana, Concerotel, Bauer DeWet,
Members
Academe, Southern Mapping, Bio Diesel
Networks
Members
Thank you
Botswana Innovation Hub
Tel: +267 3913328
[email protected]
www.bih.co.bw
Let´s make it happen
!

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