Status and development of BKV Gábor Nemecz Head of Department Department of Investment and Technical Development Forum for Sustainable Mobility and Metropolitan Development Alba Iulia , 8-9 April 2014 Contents 1. The history of public transport in Budapest 2. Operational environment of BKV 3. BKV as provider 4. Investments, developments The history of public transport in Budapest • In 1922 the Budapest Metropolitan Transport Company Limited (BSZKRT) was established. • BSZKRT ceased to exist in 1949. • The Budapest Transport Company was established on 1st January 1968. • From 1968 to 2010 BKV provided all tasks concerning traffic management, schedule, supervision, operating, maintenance and restoration. 1. Operational environment of BKV SERVICE ORDER PROVIDER CONTRACT OF PUBLIC UTILITIES • Transport management • Schedules • Traffic management • Sales - controlling • Tasks concerning the traffic control and the transaction of complex transport development projects • • 8 years • • Orderes services: bus, raibound (tram, subway, suburban railway, trolleybus) and boat service Maintenance and development of vehicles and infrastructure • Operation of vehicles and infrastructure • Insurance of drivers and repairmen • Assistance in BKK projects • Finance: compensation OTHER PROVIDERS Parts of costumer service CONTRACT OF PUBLIC UTILITIES 2. Number of passengers (in 2013) Altogether: Per day: ~1 350 million ~3 millions Tram 29% Bus 37% Suburban railway 6% 3. Trolleybus 5% Subway 23% Rolling stock (30th September 2013.) Number of vehicles 2 000 1 500 1263 1 000 624 414 294 500 145 0 Bus 3. Tram Cogwheel Subway Suburban railway Trolleybus BKV faces significant losses in market and starts disadvantageously in the contest, because of the new model The traffic performance started to decline because of the new bus operating system. Thousand useful vehicle km 100,000 90,000 80,000 70,000 60,000 50,000 40,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 0 2008 2009 Villamos + Fogas Autóbusz Metró + MFAV 2010 2011 2012 2013 Trolibusz HÉV It is very impotrant in order to assure the efficiency of BKV to lessen the effects of the diminishing performance. 3. BKV’s service performance (Thousand place km) 9,000,000 8,000,000 7,000,000 6,000,000 Bus 5,000,000 Subway, MFAV Tram 4,000,000 Suburban Railway Trolleybus 3,000,000 2,000,000 1,000,000 0 2009. 3. 2010. 2011. 2012. 2013. Services of BKV Supplying public transport Budapest Bus Bus Trolleybus Suburban railway Tram Subway Suburban railway Boat 3. Agglomeration Possibilities to keeping the passengers To raise the service niveau: • Procurement of new vehicles • Procurement of modern and low-floor second-hand vehicles (bus, trolleybus) • Boat line on schedule • Modernization of suburban railway station and interior • Improving the bicycle transport possibilities in cogwheel vehicles • Infrastructural restorations, modernizations, change of superstructure on Grand Boulevard • Platform modernization Optimalization of the transport net (Connected tramlines on Buda, coordinated transport with railroad and long-range bus services) Ensuring equal opportunity Giving prominence to environment (CNG buses) Energy saving (T5C5 drive modernization, recuperation) 3. Division of labour in developments between BKK and BKV SERVICE ORDER: BKK Strategy – Planning – Ordering Ticket and pass sales – Ticket and pass controlling Traffic management External communication Finance Defining and guidance of developments 4. PROVIDER: BKV Assistance in BKK projects concerning public transport Financial resources for BKV are granted by BKK under the circumstances fixed in the Contract of Public Services NEW PROCUREMENT SECOND-HAND PROCUREMENT 2014: procurement of second-hand and new buses • Procurement of 37 second-hand Van Hool CNG (compressed natural gas) buses from Dijon, that starts operating gradually this spring in the South-Pest region of the capital. • Procurement of 25 +20% second-hand, low floor, diesel, articulated buses • PKD construction: 3 + 500% new Ikarus buses, BKV as assembler • Procurement of 15 + 400% low-floor new solo bus is initiated (diesel / dieselhybrid / electric) 37 Van Hool A330 CNG 4. 3+15 Ikarus V127 TRAM RESTORATION TROLLEYBUS RECONSTRUCTION We manufacture trolleybuses with the re-use of available equipment and the complex restoration of the Tatra trams start this year The construction of the trolleybus prototypes (reusing discarded bus bodies and trolleybus electronics) starts this year. The vehicles will be 12 meter long, double axled, low-floor, air-conditioned and capable of self-propelling. The restoration and the modernization (with modern drive and control, new door control, new interior) of 25 (out of the 240 units) Tatra T5C5 vehicles from the 1980s begins in 2014. 3 IK 412.81 GT trolleybus 4. 240 Tatra T5C5 tram restoration M4 subway – a new line in the transport of Budapest • The length of the new metro line of Budapest: 7,4 km • Kelenföld railway station – Keleti railway station • 15 new Alstom train, each of 4 walk-through units • The stations are located between 14,5 and 31 meters deep underground. • The budget of the project: 452,5 billion forints 4. Bikás park Kálvin square Architizer A+ awards Szent Gellért tér and Fővám tér Stations of Metro 4 won the competition of Architizer.com architectural portal. Both the professional jury and the public found the Budapest stations as the best in bus- and railway station category. POP & JURY Curiosity The public transport of Budapest holds multiple records: • The 4 and 6 tram lines are Europe’s busiest lines, more than 200.000 people uses them per day. • The Siemens Combino Supra Budapest NF12B tram was the world’s longest walk-through tram, when it started operating • The M1 subway of Budapest was the first operating subway in the world. • The tram line 2 appears 7th on National Geographic’s top 10 list in the book Journeys of a Lifetime. Thank you for your attention !