Kaleb Gunter Mr. McCaskil Rutherford B. Hayes Born in Delaware, Ohio on October 4, 1822 Parents were Sophia and Rutherford Father died before he was born Brother, Lorenzo, and sister, Fanny Lorenzo died at age of 9 Was nicknamed “Rud” Education Attended Norwalk Boarding School At 14 decided he was ready for college Mother didn’t allow him to go He continued his studies at home In 1837 he left home to attend Isaac Webb’s Preparatory School Education Excelled at Webb’s School Wanted to attend Yale Mother said he should attend Kenyon College Rud went to Kenyon College at age of 16 Education Was a leader in college Elected president of the Philomathesian Society ○ Literary and Debate Society Obtained law degree from Kenyon College As a Lawyer Formed law partnership with Ralph Buckland Moved to Cincinnati for better cases Hayes loved to travel for cases Moved to Texas in 1848 “Great Step of Life” Met Lucy Ware Webb, age 16 Married December 30, 1852 Moved in with Lucy’s mother Lucy gave birth to first child in November 1853 As a Union Soldier Hayes signed up for service for North Joined 23rd Ohio Regiment Soon became an officer Military life suited Hayes On September 10th, 1861 Hayes saw battle for first time Led 4 companies to fight Confederates on hills of Carnifax Ferry As a Union Soldier Forced the Confederates across Gauley river After the fight he was ordered to serve as a judge advocate (a military lawyer) Governor Hayes Friends in Ohio urged Hayes to run for Governor in 1867 Nominated as a Republican He was sure he would lose Won the election by narrow margin Governor Hayes Sworn in as governor on January 13, 1868 Did not carry much power as governor Limited Hayes’ ability to shape policies He appointed judges and members of boards of directors for colleges Active in national politics Governor Hayes Ran for Republican nominee in presidential election in 1868 Lost to Ulysses S. Grant As governor he was up for re-election in1869 Served a 2nd term as Ohio Governor Retired as Governor on January 8, 1872 Election of 1876 On June 14, 1876, delegates got together to see who was to be next Republican candidate After 5 ballots Hayes became nominee for Republican party, William Wheeler was the Vice President candidate His opponent, Samuel Tilden, was tough for Hayes to defeat It was a heated campaign Election of 1876 •Hayes called for reform of civil service •Called for protection of rights for African Americans •Said he would only serve one term if elected • This meant that no one could accuse him of handing out jobs or political favors, this was the background for his campaign Election Dispute Election day was November 7, 1876 Hayes really didn’t care if he won or not When the Republicans counted the votes Hayes won, when the Democrats counted Tilden won In January of 1877, Congress set up a special Electoral Commission Had 15 members Election Dispute Hayes was declared president on March 2nd, 1877 Hayes wrote in his journal saying, “…we were wakened to hear the news…that I was declared elected!” Hayes became the 19th President of the United States of America President Hayes In inaugural address, Hayes said that the “time has come” for southern states to govern themselves without military presence In April of 1877 he ordered all federal troops out of the South Reconstruction was finally over President Hayes Hayes had strong views of the economy Believed the gold standard was key to strong government ○ Thought government should only have as much paper money as it had gold in its vaultsthe Gold Standard ○ He believed this policy led to paper money that was worth less than stated value This made people lose confidence in nation’s money supply President Hayes He struggled with every little thing with the Democratic Congress Congress wanted to get rid of Civil warera laws Hayes was against the bills Hayes kept his promise and left after the his first term Returned to Ohio to spend time with the Lucy and his children Death In June of 1889 Lucy Hayes died On January 17, 1893, Rutherford B. Hayes died at age of 70 Works Cited Grey, Ronald. “Hayes of Wisdom.” StudioPress. N.p., 2011. Web. 24 Feb. 2011. <http://ronaldgrey.wordpress.com/2010/08/05/hayes-ofwisdom/>. Hayes/Wheeler Campaign. N.d. Main. Web. 20 Mar. 2011. <http://svr225.stepx.com:3388/rutherford-b-hayes>. Levy, Debbie. Rutherford B. Hayes. Minneapolis: TwentyFirst Century Books, 2007. Print. “Political cartoon showing Hayes prevailing in disputed Election.” Cartoon. Presidential Center. N.Y. Daily Graphic, 1877. Web. 20 Mar. 2011. <http://www.rbhayes.org/hayes/president/gallery.asp?gid= 12&cat_image=1>. “Rutherford B. Hayes.” History.com. N.p., 2011. Web. 20 Mar. 2011. <http://www.history.com/photos/rutherford-bhayes/photo2>.