Content Standard 1

Report
Content Standard 1.2 and 1.3
Industrialization / Immigration
The student will analyze the impact
of immigration, the settlement of the
American West and industrialization
on American society.
By: Becky Rampey
Industrialization =
Need for Labor =
Immigration
Immigrants
• Come from South and East Europe (new
areas)
• Asians – arrive on the West Coast
• U.S. welcomes Immigrants openly for
laborers… will not welcome new customs
and cultures.
• Between 1880 – 1920 – 20 million
immigrants – all fleeing poverty – many
political & religious persecutions!
Immigrants bring their
own Culture
•
•
•
•
•
•
Foods
Holidays
Traditions
Languages
Religions
Names
•Nativism – Protestant EuroAmerican’s are RIGHT!!
– Quota Laws – Limit the numbers of
immigrants coming from certain areas of
the world.
– Chinese Exclusion Act – Barred new
immigration for 10 years and kept those
already here from becoming citizens.
– Americanization – Try to make them like
us… teach them to be better.
Native American’s
• Between the 1860’s and 1890’s the U.S.
fought numerous wars called the Indian
Wars.
• Native Americans continued to lose land
and people throughout that time.
• Clash of Cultures – Same as Immigrants
– Chief Joseph – “I will fight no more forever”
– Red Cloud – “Cooper Union Speech”
Westward Expansion
• More and more people on East coast
means desire to move west where there
is lots of open land!!
• Dawes Act – Modification of the
Reservation System –Move from
Tribe
Individual
– Leaves land open for Settlers!
Captains of Industry or
Robber Barrons
• Andrew Carnegie – Steel – Vertical Integration “Gospel of Wealth” – Wealth is great but should
give back to those less fortunate.
• John Rockefeller – Standard OIL – Huge Trust –
controlled 90% of Oil production. Horizontal
Integration
• Thomas Edison – The great Inventor – Light Bulb
• Alexander G. Bell – Telephone (changes
communication forever)
Industrialization
Transportation
Railroads
(transcontinental)
East
West
North
South
* Connects the
country from one
point to the other.
New
Inventions
•Sewing
Machine
•Telegraph
•Telephone
•Electricity
Production
Methods
•Bessemer
Process
•Oil
•Assembly Line
Progressivism
• Labor Conditions –
– Child Labor
– Long Hours
– Poor Wages
– Unsafe Conditions
• Political Corruption
– Direct Primary
– Referendum
– Recall
– Initiative Petition
•Labor Reform –’
•Eugene V. Debs
•Pullman Strikes
•Haymarket Riot
•Muckrackers –
•Upton Sinclair
•Ida Tarbell
• Sherman Anti-trust Act – Bust up big trust
(monopolies)
• Women’s suffrage –
– Susan B Anthony
– Alice Paul
– 19th Amendment – 1920
• Jane Adams – Hull House
• William Jennings Bryan – Cross of Gold

similar documents