Nationa Disaster Management System March 2011

Report
National Committee for Civil Defense
National Disaster
Management System
Cpt. Faisal S. AL Hajri
Assistant Director, Executive Office
National Committee for Civil Defense (NCCD)
Topics:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Background
Country Risk Register
DM in Oman.
Challenges
DM principles.
Organizational Chart
Country Risk Register
Cyclones & Floods
Earthquakes
Tsunamis
Industrial/CBRN
Major Transport
Accidents
Heat waves
Epidemics
‫المنظومة الوطنية إلدارة حاالت الطوارئ‬
3
Cyclones 1890, 1898,1911,1916,
1921,1959,1977,1979,1992,1996,2
004,2010.
Area Hit : Sharqya, Muscat, and
Dhofar.
Cyclone May
distribution
Months:
& June – map
October
& November
Tsunami Map
Major : 1945 , 8-R
earthquake in Makran
area caused a massive
Tsunami that caused
4000 deaths in the
costal areas (Pakistani
Side)
Earthquake Distribution map
Major : mostly in the
range of 6 either in
Oman sea or
Musandam area
Muscat Flood hazard map
Oman DM Structure:
NCCD
Executive
Office
18
Ministries
Armed
Forces
Police & Civil
Defense
ROYAL OMAN
POLICE
MINISTRY OF
COMMERCE AND
INDUSTRY
MINISTRY OF
INFORMATION
MINISTRY OF
LOCAL
MUNICIPALITIES
AND WATER
RESOUCES
MINISTRY OF
EDUCATION
NCCD
Executive Office
MINISTRY OF
SOCIAL
DEVELOPMENT
MINISTRY OF
FINANCE
MINISTRY OF
TRANSPORT AND
COMMUNICATION
ROYAL OMAN
FORCES
MINISTRY OF
HEALTH
MINISTRY OF
ENVIRONMENT
Challenges:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Reactive (response only).
Coordination and communication issues.
Data collection and sharing (National Database).
Duplication/Overlap of roles.
limited role of private sector and NGOs.
Local /community involvement is missed.
The emergence of industrial and CBRN hazards.
Guiding Principles:
1. Risk Analysis – Risk Mapping
2. Proactive Approach- Risk reduction. (Holistic).
3. Enhancement of Early Warning systems.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Community/local involvement.
NGOs, PS involvement.
Public Awareness.
Effective coordination and Information
sharing. (EMIS)
8. Training and Education (EMTC)
1- Adopt DM Holistic Approach
Reconstruction
Risk
Reduction
Recovery
Preparedness
Response
Provincial
Level
Local
level
National
Level
GOs
NGOs
Private
Sector
NDMS
Relief
Operations
Medical
Response and
Public Health
Search and
Rescue
Disaster
Managem
ent
Functions
CBRN/Hazmat
Utilities &
infrastructure
Information
and Public
Awareness
Disaster
Victim
Identification
Risk Analysis
& Early
Warning
Sector’s Common Roles & Responsibilities
1.
Develop and update Sector’s plan, Standards, and SOPs.
2.
Coordinate efforts and resources within the sector;
3.
Develop and enhance Sector’s capacities;
4.
Develop and update a database of the resources available.
5.
Training & Drills.
6.
Management of International assistance.
A Sector’s Organizational Structure
Chairman
Undersecretary of the
leading ministry
Sector’s Coordinator
Line Ministries
Private Sector
NGOs
International
Organization
represented in the
country
The New NDM Organizational Chart
NCCD
Executive
Office
Risk Assessment
& Early Warning
System
National Disaster
Management
Center
National DM
Training Center
Dis. Information
MS
Provincials DM
Affairs
Information &
Public
Awareness
Search & Rescue
Medical
Response &
Public Health
Relief and
Shelter
Infrastructure
continuity
National Emergency
Management Plan
NEMP Contents
NEM Strategy.
NEMS Structure.
Roles and responsibilities.
Command & Control (ICS)
‫الخطة الوطنية إلدارة حاالت الطوارئ‬
National Emergency Management
Plan
‫المنظومة الوطنية إلدارة حاالت الطوارئ‬
27
DM Plans
4
3
Relief Operation
Plan
Emergency Medical
Response & Public
Health
8
7
Infrastructure
Recovery Plan
DVI
2
1
S&R
Risk Assessment &
Early Warning
System
6
CBRN Plan
5
Communication &
Media Plan
Emergency Information Management System
Emergency Information Management System
(EIMS) based on databases, geographical
information systems to support emergencyrelated decision-making.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Risk Mapping/Risk Reduction Activities.
Modeling – Damage prediction.
Damage Assessment (Remote Sensing)
Response management
(Resources
Database)
5. Recovery Activities Management.
Databases
GIS
EMIS
Intelligent IT systems
Incident management Systems
Supporting facilities
National Emergency Management Center
The New NDM Organizational Chart
NCCD
Chairman
Executive
Office
Risk Assessment
& Early Warning
System
National Disaster
Management
Center
National DM
Training Center
Dis. Information
MS
Provincials DM
Affairs
Information &
Public
Awareness
Search & Rescue
Medical
Response &
Public Health
Relief and
Shelter
Infrastructure
continuity
Thank you

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