Introducing your presentation Introducing your presentation Think about audience at a presentation… What do they want to know at the start of a presentation? What can a presenter do to get their attention at the start? To feel or show great pleasure we were delighted to see her Stop (someone speaking) by saying or doing something: There is a lot to tell you so please do not interrupt me until I am done. An idea, feeling, or opinion about something or someone I got the impression that he was sorely disappointed He wanted to share his impressions and opinions on my presentation. The quality of being convincing or believable the government’s loss of credibility A particular attitude or way of considering a matter: I’m trying to get Matthew to change his point of view to give the main facts about something: At the interview she outlined what I would be doing. To be located in somewhere Our business is based in New York. being the person who has control of or is responsible for someone or something: Who will be in charge of the department when Sophie leaves? to have control and authority over something or someone and the duty of taking care of it or them: He is directly responsible for the efficient running of the office. Have or include (something) as a necessary or integral part or result: my job involves a lot of travelling A thing intended; an aim or plan: she was full of good intentions To provide a general review or summary of a subject: Yesterday, I gave a brief overview of the research. Draw special attention to: the issues highlighted by the report are extremely important. to explain something to someone: I'll take you through it one more time, then you can try it yourself. to speak or write to someone: He addressed a few introductory remarks to the audience. to not have enough of something: to be short of space/time We're a bit short of coffee - I must get some more. to have as a plan or purpose: We intend to go to Australia next year. to continue to exist: The meeting lasted two hours. The drought lasted for several months. to talk or write about someone or something, especially in only a few words: In her autobiography she occasionally refers to her unhappy schooldays. He always refers to the house as his "refuge". Watch video 3.1 (other people talking about the questions about the audience) and fill in the table in activity 2 on your course pack, p. 10. Sabine Kolbeck is giving a presentation to a group of people. While watching her presentation(video 3.2), answer the questions on page 16 of your course book. Sabine Kolbeck SAVE IT Supporting Companies Around the World Expert view: watch video 3.3 and take notes about each part of ABCD model. Do the activity 4 on your coursebook p. 17 Analysis: How well did Sabine use the ABCD model? Watch video 3.4 and do the activity 5 on your coursebook p. 17 The expert feedback: Watch video 3.5 and do the activity 6 on your course pack p. 10. Language Focus, watch video 3.6 and do the activiy 1 on your book p. 18 Then complete the other activities on pages 18 and 19. VISUAL AIDS Practicing of an introduction of a presentation What is a visual aid? What kind of visual aids do you know? What is the most commonly used visual aid in presentations? Which ones do you prefer to use? PowerPoint: Majority of presenters use it today. They are preferred because: 1. Cheap 2. Easy to create 3. Time saving 4. Allow for a wide range of artistry (But be careful!!!) What other types of aduio visual aids do you know???? Videos Objects Models Photographs What other types of aduio visual aids do you know???? Drawings Handouts Brochures Posters Supplement presentation Outline the main points Serve audience’s needs, not speaker’s Be simple and clear because... ... AVs support your ideas improve audience comprehension add variety to presentation (a break from listening) enliven a difficult / boring subject help illustrate complex ideas/concepts help the presenter to stick to the plan A maximum of five lines per slide A maximum of five words per line If you stick to this rule, You won’t overload your bullet charts Start with an outline of the goal Keep visual aids BRIEF Do not read AV directly (what you say vs. AV) Ask audience to read or listen, not both Account for production time (both in planning and selection) Check relevance to topic Use charts and graphs Make sure graphics are not too crowded Don't let handouts become a distraction Practice with AV Seek feedback on the clarity of your AV Check grammar and spelling 1st or 2nd slide ---- outline Only main points on the outline slide ◦ Ex: Use the titles of each slide as main points 1-2 slides per minute Point / bullet form (no complete sent.) 4-5 points per slide Key words and phrases only This page contains too many words for a presentation slide. It is not written in point form, making it difficult both for your audience to read and for you to present each point. Although there are exactly the same number of points on this slide as the previous slide, it looks much more complicated. In short, your audience will spend too much time trying to read this paragraph instead of listening to you. Showing one point at a time will: ◦ help audience concentrate on what you are saying ◦ prevent audience from reading ahead ◦ help you keep your presentation focused Do not use distracting animation Do not go overboard with the animation Be consistent with the animation that you use Use at least an 18-point font Use different size fonts for main points and secondary points ◦ this font: 28-point ◦ main point font: 30-point ◦ title font: 42-point Use a standard font like Times New Roman or Arial If you use a small font, your audience won’t be able to read what you have written CAPITALIZE ONLY WHEN NECESSARY. IT IS DIFFICULT TO READ Don’t use a complicated font Use a color of font that contrasts sharply with the background ◦ Ex: blue font on white background Use color to reinforce the logic of your structure ◦ Ex: light blue title and dark blue text Use color to emphasize a point ◦ But use this only occasionally Using a font color that does not contrast with the background color is hard to read Using color for decoration is distracting and annoying. Using a different color for each point is unnecessary ◦ Using a different color for secondary points is also unnecessary Trying to be creative can also be bad Use backgrounds such as this one (attractive but simple) Use backgrounds which are light Use the same background consistently Avoid backgrounds that are distracting or difficult to read from Always be consistent with the background that you use Proofread your slides for: ◦ speling mistakes ◦ the use of of repeated words ◦ grammatical errors you might have make Have someone else check your presentation! Use an effective and strong closing ◦ Audience is likely to remember your last words Use a conclusion slide to: ◦ Summarize the main points ◦ Suggest future avenues of research End with a simple question slide to: ◦ Invite your audience to ask questions ◦ Provide a visual aid during question period ◦ Avoid ending a presentation abruptly Useful Language Structures 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Now, let’s look at... This shows/illustrates... As you can see from this ... Take a look at this graph/ chart/ table. Let’s now look at the next slide which shows... Let me explain the graph/picture... The picture on the left shows you ... Which box is... 1. in the centre? 2. in the bottom left corner? 3. in the upper right corner? B C A in the upper right-hand corner B C in the bottom lefthand corner in the centre A D Which box is... 1. at the top 2. on the left 3. at the bottom 4. on the right F E G D at the top on the left F E at the bottom G on the right 1. Prepare each visual carefully and separately 2. Check whether the visual really shows what you are saying 3. Make sure your audience can read the visual 4. Find effective headlines 5. Keep design and content simple 6. Use bullet charts for text 7. Reduce text to a minimum 8. Always prepare audience for visual 9. Present information clearly and logically 10. Remember the rule of five Literature may consist of texts based on factual information (journalistic or non-fiction), a category that may also include polemical works, biographies, and reflective essays, or it may consist of texts based on imagination (such as fiction, poetry, or drama). Literature written in poetry emphasizes the aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language—such as sound, symbolism, and metre—to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, ordinary meanings, while literature written in prose applies ordinary grammatical structure and the natural flow of speech. Literature can also be classified according to historical periods, genres, and political influences. While the concept of genre has broadened over the centuries, in general, a genre consists of artistic works that fall within a certain central theme; examples of genre include romance, mystery, crime, fantasy, erotica, and adventure, among others. historical periods genres political influences Examples of Genre: Romance Mystery Crime Fantasy Adventure Prepare an introduction to a presentation by choosing one of the cards on pages 11-15 of your coursepack. Your presentation should take about 2-3 minutes long. Study the useful phrases on page 20 on your coursebook p. 14 and try to use them as many as possible. You have 8-10 minutes to prepare your presentation Analysis Use the analysis checklist on page 21 while you watch the presentation of your friend. Self assesment: After you complete your presentation, think about your performance by answering the questions on page 21 about self assessment.