Author`s Purpose and Point of View - Priceless Literacy

Report
Reading by STAAR-light
Kaye Price-Hawkins
[email protected]
www.pricelessliteracy.homestead.com
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Writer
Author
Poet
Playwright
TEXT
Variety of Genres
Topic
and
Purpose
Audience
Context
Culture
STAAR-tested Genres…
Literary
Nonfiction
Expository
Fiction
Persuasive
Poetry
Drama
Questions:
See the prepared
handout for specific
question models.
Marzano’s High Yield Strategies
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Identifying Similarities and Differences
Summarizing and Note Taking
Reinforcing Effort & Providing Recognition
Homework and Practice
Nonlinguistic Representations
Cooperative Learning
Setting Objectives and Providing Feedback
Generating and Testing Hypotheses
Cues, Questions, and Advance Organizers
45%
34%
29%
28%
27%
27%
23%
23%
22%
Information from Classroom Instruction that Works by Robert Marzano, Pickering and Pollock, 2001.
http://www.schools.manatee.k12.fl.us/3160MARZANO
Reading Foldable
Reading Foldable – Left flap inside
Poetry Insight
Title (& significance)
Organization (structure)
Poem’s setting/literary language
Clues (connotations)
Attitude (poet and speaker)
Theme (message)
Sections (lines, quotes, stanzas)
Graphical elements
Rhyme scheme
Rhythm
Repetition
TOP
BOTTOM:
Insert into the pocket the
STAAR Reading Tips
and Genres Features
bookmark (folded in half
with title showing).
Why is author’s purpose important?
• You will better
understand the
selection.
• You will read the
selection differently.
Reading Foldable – Right flap inside
TOP: Purpose Pocket (Card 1):
Author’s Purpose
Back of card (lines):
(front of card)
• Persuade:
P
E
I
P ersuade (convincing
language)
I nform (explain/
expository)
E ntertain (stories,
poems, plays, etc.)
– Selected facts, reasons, examples
– Opinions, requests (call to action)
– Comparison and contrast
• Inform:
– Description; comparison-contrast;
problem-solution; cause-effect
– Facts/Details/Instructions
– Places, Events, People
• Entertain:
– Imagery, literary devices, mood
– details that tell a story (plot)
Reading Foldable – Right flap inside
TOP: Purpose Pocket (Card 2):
Text Evidence
(quotes—words, phrases,
sections (lines, paragraphs,
etc. of text)
• Purposes:
•
•
•
•
Proof
Support
Inference
Vocabulary (meaning)
On the back of the
card, place examples
from the text you are
reading. Write the
quote and tell what
it is doing in the text.
Miscellaneous Pocket (bottom inside right flap):
Drama in 3-D
• On the front of the card:
• Diorama—illustrating Stage Directions
• On the back of the card:
• Characters (Protagonist-main
character and Antagonist-conflict)
• Actions
• Attitude
• Appearance
• Setting
• Where
• When
• Mood
(Biography & Memoir)
Title (Your Choice)
First Name Only (or a nickname)
Words or phrases describing this person’s
character (not a physical description)
Words/phrases describing person’s actions
Who gave . . .
Who influenced (or changed the way we…)
Who was concerned about …
Who was respected because of …
Who felt . . .
Who wanted to inspire others to…
Last Name
(or full name if the first line was a nickname)
Reading Foldable–Center inside
TOP (2 pieces of sentence strip)
Theme/Big Idea/Message (outside) 
(Inside) Main Idea and Summary
(SWBST)
([email protected]/bme/ps)
•
Literary and Dramatic Plot Line (outside)
(Inside)
Exposition
• Opening Scene…
Initiating Event
Characters Introduced
• Setting





Appearance
Attitude
Dialogue
Description
Action
–
I
Resolution
Reading Foldable—Center inside
• Point of View (fold over)
(write in)
1st Person (I, We, etc.)
2nd Person (You)
3rd Person Limited (secondary character)
3rd Person Omniscient (see/know all)
Box of POV impact could be
Envelope (on the back)
STAAR Strip (glued on the envelope)
Super Techniques And Awesome Reasons
• What techniques did the author use?
– (examples: dialogue, figurative language, theme tone, etc.)
– List compiled from 2011 released STAAR test items
• Why include those phrases or features?
– (examples: add humor, describe, list reasons, reveal
character, support, tell why, etc.)
– List compiled from 2011 released STAAR test items
Inside the Envelope:
Vocabulary File “Box”(top)
Right - 3x5 flipper:
• Graphic Features
(Examples and Possible purposes for each)
Left-foldable:
• Sensory Language
–
–
–
–
–
–
Observations
Textures/Sensations
Sounds/Noises
Tastes
Smells/Fragrances/Odors
Feelings
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Font (italics, bold, varied)
Headings, Sub-headings, etc.
Graphs/charts
Italicized paragraph above
Line length
Shape of Poem
Timeline
Picture/photograph/captions
Punctuation
Word position
Vocabulary File “Box” (bottom)
Section 3: Literary Terms and Rhetorical Devices
Examples
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
Alliteration
Allusion
Dramatic irony
Hyperbole
Metaphor
Mood
Onomatopoeia
Parenthetical asides
Personification
Repetition
Simile
your TEKS for suggested terms…
– Structure
−
−
−
−
• Poetic
• Expository
• Narrative
Symbol
Tone
Dialogue
Setting
Keys to Success
• Connect your genres by
theme, struggle or similar
time in history. Examine
each type of text via
analysis. For example:
–
–
–
–
–
–
Message or theme
Author’s craft and purpose
Word choice
Organization
Summary
Text features
• Connect writing of genres to
the reading.
• Make connections between
the mentor texts and the
students’ writing.
• Mix genres. For example:
– Write a poem about a fictional
story or biography.
– Write a drama (with stage
directions and dialogue) about
a fictional story.
– Find two genre versions of the
same event.

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