Ed Briggs (CenterPoint Energy)

Report
IMPACTS OF LARGE
DISTRIBUTED GENERATORS
ON CENTERPOINT ENERGY’S
DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
Presented by Ed Briggs, P.E.
Manager of Electric Distribution Planning
SWEDE Presentation May 9, 2014
CenterPoint Energy Proprietary and Confidential Information
1
SAFETY MOMENT
PUBLIC AND EMPLOYEE
SAFETY IS THE MOST
IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION
OF DG DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION
AND UTILITY
INTERCONNECTION !
2
WHAT IS DISTRIBUTED
GENERATION (DG) ?
Texas PUC Substantive Rule 25.211
An electric generating facility located at a
customer’s point of delivery (point of
common couple) of ten megawatts (MW)
or less and connected at a voltage less
than 60 kilovolts (kV) which may be
connected in parallel operation to the
utility system.
3
DISTRIBUTED GENERATION
BY FUEL TYPE
4
Total Pending and
Connected DGs
Through 4/16/14
5
Large DG (7500+ KW) Statistics
6
WHATS DRIVING THE LARGE
DISTRIBUTED GENERATION
INTERCONNECTIONS?
• Emergency Response Service (ERS) or
Demand Response
• Close transition-parallel with the utility grid
for less than 1 second (closed transition
switching)
• Parallel operation with power export option
• Parallel operation with no power export
7
IMPACTS OF LARGE
DISTRIBUTED GENERATION
• LOAD
• VOLTAGE
• POWER FACTOR
• FAULT CURRENT
• CIRCUIT PROTECTION
• LATERAL FUSE COORDINATION
• EFFECTIVE GROUNDING
• RELIABILITY
• SAFETY
8
DG SIZE RATING
A GENERATOR NAME PLATE RATING SHOWS
2500 kVA @ 80% POWER FACTOR
• WHAT IS THE DG kW CAPACITY ?
 2000 kW or 2500 kW ?
SAME QUESTION AS ABOVE EXCEPT THE PRIME
MOVER OF THE GENERATOR IS A DIESEL ENGINE
RATED AT 1800kW
• WHAT IS THE DG kW CAPACITY ?
 1800 kW or 2000 kW or 2500 kW ?
9
12.47 kV DISTRIBUTION
FEEDER DG STUDY
• 7 GENERATORS RATED AT 2500 kW EACH
(7 X 2500 = 17,500 kW)
• PRIME MOVER DIESEL ENGINE RATED AT
1800kW
• ACTIVE GENERATION = 7 X 1800 = 12,600 kW
• 12.47 kV FEEDER RATED AT 12,960 kW
• DG VOLTAGE CONTROL @ 100%PF
10
12.47kV FEEDER PEAK LOAD
10,260 kW 540 kVAR 99.9 PF
SUB
DG
11
DISTRIBUTIVE GENERATION
SETUP (PCC IS POINT OF
COMMON COUPLING)
Utility
UtilitySource
source
TO SUBSTATION
PCC 2
PCC 1
12.47 kV BUS
2500 kVA TRANSFORMER
2500 kW GENERATOR
480Y277V
12
DG VOLTAGE TRIP SETTING
DG TRIPS IF:
VOLTAGE = 126V FOR 30 SECONDS
VOLTAGE = 132V FOR 10 CYCLES
CUSTOMER WANTS TO OPERATE DG
AT 100% PF
13
DG ANALYSIS
CNP SUBSTATION VOLTAGE REGULATION IS SET
AT 122V TO 125V
FOUR CIRCUIT MODELING SENARIOS ARE:
SUMMER PEAK LOADING
• SUB AT 125V
• SUB AT 122V
OFF-PEAK LOADING
• SUB AT 125V
• SUB AT 122V
14
LOCATION AT PCC WITH SUB AT
125 V WITH SUMMER PEAK LOAD
15
LOCATION AT PCC WITH SUB AT
122 V WITH SUMMER PEAK LOAD
16
LOCATION AT PCC WITH SUB AT
125 V WITH OFF-PEAK LOAD
17
LOCATION AT PCC WITH SUB AT
122 V WITH OFF-PEAK LOAD
18
LOCATION AT PCC WITH SUB AT 125 V
WITH SUMMER PEAK LOAD & EFFECTS
OF CAPACITOR BANKS
19
DG CAN REDUCE THE VOLTAGE AT PCC
BUT RESULTS IN INCREASED kVAR
WHICH RESULTS IN A 394 kVA DEMAND
THUS A $$$$$ MONTHLY BILL
20
DURING OFF PEAK SEASON 4 DGs
BACKFEEDS SUBSTATION
TRANSFORMER WITH 2279 kW
Substation
Transformer
2279 kW
Circuits #1
#2
#3
21
12.47kV FEEDER PEAK LOAD
10,260 kW 540 kVAR 99.9 PF
DG
SUB
DG
DG
22
At PCC with Sub at 125 V with
Summer peak load & DG located
near Sub
23
At PCC with Sub at 125 V with
Summer peak load & DG located at
end of circuit
24
DG INCREASES CIRCUIT FAULT CURRENT
AND CAUSES 100T FUSE NOT TO COORDINATE
WITH 65T, MUST CHANGE LATERAL TO A
FEEDER AT CUSTOMER EXPENSE
65T fuse
Without DGs, I
With 7 DGs, I
2578 A
= 3976 A
LG max =
LG max
100 T fuse
25
DG ELEVATES FAULT CURRENT
ON SUBSTATION BUS AND
ADJACENT CIRCUITS
 A FAULT ON ADJACENT CIRCUIT WILL BE FED BY DG CIRCUIT
AND MAY RESULT IN TWO CIRCUITS OPERATING THUS
IMPACTING RELIABILITY
 LATERAL FUSE COORDINATION WILL NEED TO BE ASSESSED ON
ADJACENT CIRCUITS DUE TO HIGHER FAULT CURRENT
26
Line to Ground Fault Currents
27
EFFECTIVELY GROUNDED SYSTEM PER
IEEE STANDARD 142
28
EFFECTIVELY GROUNDED SYSTEM CHECK ?
CUSTOMER’S HIGHSIDE RESISTIVE
GROUNDING 24 OHM ON 12.47kV SIDE OF THE
TRANSFORMER
29
CNP REQUIRES TRANSFER TRIP FOR DGs
OVER 2000 kW. HOWEVER CIRCUIT
SWITCHING CAN SCUTTLE THIS
N.C.
N.O. (TIE)
Sub 1
N.C.
Utility crew opens
the N.C. switch
Lateral
DG
Sub 2
Utility crew closes
the tie switch
DG will be transferred
from a feeder from
sub 1 to another feeder
from sub 2
30
SWEDE 2015
NEXT YEAR’S PRESENTATION DG
ACTUAL DATA VERSUS MODELED
THANK YOU !
31
NEXT YEAR
DG ACTUAL VERSUS MODELED
THANK YOU !
Any Questions ?
32

similar documents